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[信息] 空中观测平台--变形

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发表于 2011-6-19 16:49:35 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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变形,设计了伯特鲁坦和他的公司Scaled Composites公司制造,是一个奇怪的看着飞机设计工作的长时间在高海拔地区。
It was originally conceived as an aircraft which could be used for a variety of specialist roles including atmospheric sampling, reconnaissance, earth-monitoring scientific research, and as a mobile telecommunications relay platform. 它的初衷是为这可能是一个专门的角色,包括大气采样,侦察,地球监测的科学研究,并以此作为移动通信中继平台,用于各种飞机。 In addition to its multipurpose mission abilities, the Proteus was also designed to be cheap to run (compared to similar aircraft), and easy to operate and maintain. 除了 ​​它的多功能任务能力的培养,变形设计也便宜运行(比同类飞机),而且易于操作和维护。

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The Proteus has a highly unusual means of control. 变形杆菌有控制极不寻常的手段。 It can be flown either by two pilots seated in the aircraft, or it can be flown unmanned and controlled from the ground. 它可以在任何飞行的飞机座位两名飞行员,也可以是无人飞行和地面控制。 It can even operate in a semiautonomous mode where it flies itself. 它甚至可以工作在半自动模式,它本身的苍蝇。
The Scaled Composites Proteus is constructed using a lightweight airframe which utilizes advanced composite materials. 缩放的复合材料变形构造一个轻量级机身使用它利用先进的复合材料。 The wingspan is normally 77 feet 7 inches (23.6 m). 翼展通常77英尺7英寸(23.6米)。 But with the optional wingtips installed the wingspan stretches to 92 feet (28 m). 但随着翼尖安装了可选的翼展延伸至92英尺(28男性)。 The aircraft is 56.3 feet long (17.1 m), and weighs a mere 5,900 lbs (2,676 kgs). 该机56.3英尺长(17.1米),重量仅为5900磅(2676公斤)。 Power for the aircraft comes from a pair of Williams FJ44-2 turbofan engines mounted towards the rear of the aircraft over the rear wing. 为飞机动力来自于威廉姆斯对FJ44 - 2涡扇发动机对飞机的后部安装了尾翼。 The engines produce a combined total of 4,600 pounds of thrust. 该发动机产生的推力为4600磅的总和。

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Proteus underwent its first round of testing from mid-1998 to the end of 1999. 变形经历了从1998年年中的第一轮测试到1999年底。 Later the aircraft was fitted with an advanced autopilot and satellite communications system by NASA as part of their Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology (ERAST) project. 后来装上飞机由美国航天局作为其环境研究飞机和传感器技术(ERAST)项目的一部分,先进的自动驾驶仪和卫 ​​星通信系统。 During this time the Proteus did everything it was asked to, and it contributed significantly to the program. 在此期间,它是变形了一切要求,而且大大促进了该程序。

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NASA then equipped the Scaled Composites Proteus with a compact Airborne Real-Time Imaging System (ARTIS) which could take pictures from the air and then almost instantaneously relay the images to a ground control station. 美国航空航天局则配备了紧凑的机载实时成像系统(ARTIS),可把空气中的图片,然后几乎在瞬间传达影像到地面控制站缩放的复合材料变形。 This led to the Proteus being used as a testbed for trying out and experimenting with systems designed for use in unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). 这导致被作为一种尝试,并在无人(无人机飞行器使用而设计的系统试验测试平台使用的变形。 One of the areas which was explored was an automated system for detecting other aircraft and making course and altitude changes to keep a safe distance. 这是探索的领域之一是检测飞机和其他决策过程和海拔高度的变化,保持安全距离自动化系统。 This system proved to be a great success and elements of the collision-avoidance technology were integrated into both the Skywatch and the OASys detection systems for UAVs. 该系统被证明是一个伟大的成功和防撞技术分为两个Skywatch和对无人机OASYS检测系统综合要素。

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The Scaled Composites Proteus isn't done yet either, as NASA have indicated that they may use the aircraft in the future for studies into other types of automated detection for use in the next-generation of UAVs. 缩放的复合材料变形或者是还没有完成,作为美国航空航天局表示,他们可能在未来使用的飞机进入自动检测其他类型的研究,在无人机的下一代使用。
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