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[信息] 2011年年印度航空展(二)

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发表于 2011-6-15 10:55:57 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

2011年年印度航空展

2011年年印度航空展

一个关于显示P - 8I为例海神控制台。印度海军已订购一打飞机。

‘Mother of all Deals’ update...

India targets to sign a US$ 10 to 12 billion contract for 126 Medium Multirole Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) by September 2011, the decade’s most lucrative deal for all manufacturers of combat-aircraft. In the end, that could grow to more than 200 jets. ACM Naik explained at AERO-INDIA: “Following 2010s technical in-country evaIuations, the technical ranking is standing. All six vendors met 95% of the 643 requirements. Now I expect the commercial negotiation committee (CNC) for the MMRCA to meet during March to begin price-evaluations in direction of a down-selection and hopefully we will ink the deal before I leave by July - provided dissatisfied vendors do not put a spoke in the wheel and delay the whole process..!”


However, those strategic considerations mentioned are also ‘playing’ into this contest. In 2010 the USA provided military-aid of US$ 2,29 billion to Pakistan, raising serious concerns among the Indian security establishment. Delhi is also uneasy over the supply of F-16/52+  that are moreover based at Shahbaz in Pakistan’s Southeast. Thus Lockheed-Martins F-16IN ‘Super Viper’ can be described as facing an ‘uphill battle’ in India. But also because its basic concept dates back from the late 1970s. Nevertheless, two USAF F-16Cs from Misawa/Japan and two F-16F Block-60s of the UAE-AF were brought to Yelahanka. Indian ‘Bollywood’ Top-Gun actor Shahid Kapoor (“Mausam”) pulled some Gs in the later...
 楼主| 发表于 2011-6-15 10:58:44 | 显示全部楼层
IMG_0408.jpg

广告:概述HAL的建泰亚斯Mk.2。   Another aspect regarding its – but also Boeings F-18E/F ‘Super Hornet’s – chances is the question of full technology-transfer, the Indian side is demanding. ITAR (International Traffic in Arms Regulations) are US-government regulations that control export and import of defense-related articles. The US DoD enforces ITAR as a goal to safeguard U.S. national security and foreign policy objectives. From statements to ACIG it is obvious that the willingness by the US-Congress to ‘interpret’ this regulations in favour of what India expects, will mean ‘everything or nothing’ for the two US-bidders. The F-18E/-F ‘Super Bug’ at AERO-INDIA was by the way the first ‘morphing jet’ ACIG has seen on any flightline. While first being a standard F-model from USN VFA-113 Sqn. - Indian industrialist Ratan Tata (74) flew in it - the next day it has changed into an unmarked ‘Silent Bug’ with Boeing test-pilot Ricardo Traven explaining the ‘Super Hornet International Road Map program’. Of course, the new additions like conformal fuel-tanks, laser-warners, an IRST-set intergrated below the nose and a ‘stealthy’ centreline armament-pod are not for real (yet), just mock-ups described as not offered within the MMRCA-bid. These improvements would be generally available for international customers like maybe Japan. (The later might have other problems in the meantime...)
 楼主| 发表于 2011-6-15 10:59:44 | 显示全部楼层

2011年年印度航空展

2011年年印度航空展

云母空对空导弹可能会被印度购买改善其幻影2000H装配Vajras的能力。


A contradiction is also mentioned for the Eurofighter ‘Typhoon’. Clearly demonstrating over Yelahanka  – against the ‘Super Hornet’ for example – its superior power-weight ratio in the shows most agile (Italian) display, it ‘matches’ with the other end of the IAF’s spectrum, the Su-30MKI. 270 of those are in the pipeline, with the first 50 already earmarked for an upgrade with AESA-radar, mission-computers and avionics by DRDO with Russia. Often named as the ‘expensive front-runner’ in Indian defense-circles, the first argument was countered by Air-Marshal Leeson, Chief of Material Air RAF. “I don't accept that the Typhoon is very expensive. If one assesses its capability, it's actually a cost-effective solution. The Typhoon compares extraordinarily well vis-a-vis through life costs” he argued, briefly assisted by (then) German defence-minister zu Guttenberg. An interesting detail: Eurofighter GmbH and its industrial partners were offering a naval-version of the ‘Typhoon’, presenting cute navalized models and illustrations. Nevertheless the IAF is not responsible for the IN and has not asked for that – and while surely possible, such an attempt practically means to design almost a whole new aircraft…           



The clearest performance was that of the Russian MiG-35 - which has not shown up at all. After multiple problems reported during the flight-evaluation trials, it is regarded by the IAF as little more than an upgraded MiG-29. In fact that sole MiG-35 demonstrator is former MiG-29M2 No.154, in which the author flew in 2003 and who’s pilot he met again as a fellow speaker at this years parallel AERO-INDIA seminar. The Russian fighter looks as effectively out of the race. But according to the same sources, Russia would not be too offended by that. With the Kremlin angry because the MiG-35 was still not sent, long-term UAC-state-corporation director and IRKUT/Su-30MKI-‘legend’ A. Fedorov was reportedly replaced shortly before AERO-INDIA by influential Sukhoi & MiG-CEO M. Pogosyan. However, a similar bigger Russian cake is meanwhile swelling in the Indian oven…
 楼主| 发表于 2011-6-15 11:00:33 | 显示全部楼层

2011年年印度航空展

2011年年印度航空展

空中客车A330加油机的衍生物。对印度达成协议,通过购买这些飞机在价格下跌的问题。


Fifth generation attempt…

Lockheed-Martin and Pentagon – feeling that the F-16IN would not be selected – in the months ahead of AERO-INDIA have ‘circulated’ an Indian participation in the lentghy F-35 programme. Questioned on that idea, an obviously ‘nerved’ minister Antony replied: “Already we are engaged with Russia to produce a fifth-generation fighter. No other country has offered us these technologies in the past or would in the future. We are way ahead now in the partnership with Russia. There is no question of going back...!”

Russian UAC and Sukhoi in December 2010 signed a D&D-contract with Indian aerospace ‘giant’ HAL, to jointly develop the design for a new 5G multirole fighter. It is based on Sukhois T-50 (PAK FA) design, who’s second prototype T-50-2 only flew on March 3rd. The overall costs of the project are likely to be US$ 6 billion and according to the UAC-head M. Pogosyan, “the work between India and Russia will be distributed in a 35/65 proportion. Between 200 and 250 are planned for both airforces.” To ACIG Pogosyan also confirmed the Indian demand for receiving mainly two-seaters of what they now call PMF (Perspective Multirole Fighter), a focus originally not on Sukhoi’s agenda. ACM Naik added: “We are looking for a fifth generation aircraft. We are looking for an aircraft which is capable of supercruise, capable of very potent long range weapons, capable of a higher level of integrated avionics which are not there in a fourth generation aircraft. We also think that in  modern scenarios highly saturated EW and ECM, with all the real-time targeting and datalinks and a BVR-environment with new missiles, you need a second human. 2017 is our expected induction date to start with this design....”
 楼主| 发表于 2011-6-15 11:01:20 | 显示全部楼层
IMG_2267.jpg
空中客车A330加油机的衍生物。对印度达成协议,通过购买这些飞机在价格下跌的问题。


Fifth generation attempt…

Lockheed-Martin and Pentagon – feeling that the F-16IN would not be selected – in the months ahead of AERO-INDIA have ‘circulated’ an Indian participation in the lentghy F-35 programme. Questioned on that idea, an obviously ‘nerved’ minister Antony replied: “Already we are engaged with Russia to produce a fifth-generation fighter. No other country has offered us these technologies in the past or would in the future. We are way ahead now in the partnership with Russia. There is no question of going back...!”

Russian UAC and Sukhoi in December 2010 signed a D&D-contract with Indian aerospace ‘giant’ HAL, to jointly develop the design for a new 5G multirole fighter. It is based on Sukhois T-50 (PAK FA) design, who’s second prototype T-50-2 only flew on March 3rd. The overall costs of the project are likely to be US$ 6 billion and according to the UAC-head M. Pogosyan, “the work between India and Russia will be distributed in a 35/65 proportion. Between 200 and 250 are planned for both airforces.” To ACIG Pogosyan also confirmed the Indian demand for receiving mainly two-seaters of what they now call PMF (Perspective Multirole Fighter), a focus originally not on Sukhoi’s agenda. ACM Naik added: “We are looking for a fifth generation aircraft. We are looking for an aircraft which is capable of supercruise, capable of very potent long range weapons, capable of a higher level of integrated avionics which are not there in a fourth generation aircraft. We also think that in  modern scenarios highly saturated EW and ECM, with all the real-time targeting and datalinks and a BVR-environment with new missiles, you need a second human. 2017 is our expected induction date to start with this design....”
 楼主| 发表于 2011-6-15 11:01:50 | 显示全部楼层
IMG_2282.jpg
急性心肌梗死欧洲战斗机上显示,显示所有国家迄今树枝欧洲战斗机的标志。印度会不会成为下一个客户?

Lengthy indigenousness…  

India calls itself the worlds largest democracy and it seems that somehow in that ‘dimension’, also its bureaucracy has to be ranked. Numerous times its institutions have either stalled, stopped or reviewed defence-acquisitions, only recently an attempt to buy A330-tankers was called-off by the Indian treasurers on (high) price-issues. Because of such factors – in some cases justified - but also due to technical setbacks, many of the so much claimed ‘indigenous’ projects or joint-efforts with foreign partners were drawn from years to decades. But they were - stubbornly to be admired - followed through various governments and two such examples gave a vivid sign of life at AERO-INDIA 2011.



Only in January HAL/ADAs LCA (Light Combat Aircraft) ‘Tejas’ was given IOC-acceptance by the IAF, paving the way for the first 100 examples of ‘Tejas’ Mk1 with the GE404 engine. The design dates back to 1990 in an attempt to replace the 100s of obsolete MiG-21s, but its first flight was delayed until 2001. And it needed until 2008 for the first flight of a production-version. Now a much improved Mk2 as well as a naval two-seater are announced for 2014, powered by the G414. The EJ-200 powerplant was not selected. While GpCpt Krishna put the PV2-prototype through its paces, it was explained that ‘Tejas’ would carry almost 60% of its empty 7-ton weight as ordnance, a figure unmatched by any modern aircraft. The tail-less delta-wing is called the smallest modern combat-aircraft and features (or will partly feature) quadruplex digital fly-by-wire control system, an advanced fully digital glass cockpit and would be multi-mission, all-weather capable. The radar is an ELTA EL/M-2032 multi-mode set.
 楼主| 发表于 2011-6-15 11:02:36 | 显示全部楼层
Navalized Typhoon.jpg
Last but not least some impressive figures regarding IAF other acquisitions should round up that ‘bristling’ Indian picture: 80 Mi-171V5 are currently on order/delivery, a competition for 22 assault-helicopters is looking to be fulfilled with AH-64 Block-IIIs and a similar one for 15 heavy-lift rotory-transports is waged between Mi-26T, CH-47F and a CH-53-variant. Of course, these have nothing to do with HALs new 5,5-ton LCH Light Combat Helicopter which has flown only a year ago with 180 on order. The first prototype flew at the show, the other one in pixel-cammo was on static. 123 AJT-HAWKs – after a 20+ years selection-process – are meanwhile in production at HAL while 120 Jaguars and 57 Mirage-2000s are under various overhaul/modernisations. These two aspects nevertheless provoked ACIG to pay a visit to HAL-Bangalore.

IMG_3095.jpg
第一个轻型作战直升机(LCH)的原型也作出了在航展的外观。
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