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[技术] The Newman's Energy Machine V1.0

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发表于 2007-9-12 09:44:03 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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The Newman's Energy Machine V1.0 纽曼的能源v1.0的机器
By JL Naudin/M.David 由巨浪诺丁/ m.david
created on 06/12/98 - JLN Labs - last update on 06/16/98创建于1998年6月12日-上海实验室- 最后更新于1 9 98年6月1 6日
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Technical Specifications: 技术规格:
Coil Inductance = 220 Henries 电感线圈= 220 henries
Coil resistance = 17,332 ohms 线圈电阻= 17332欧姆
Copper used = 20,440 m of AWG 34 (16/100) 用铜= 20440米34的awg ( 100分之16 )
Weight of copper : 3,650 gr 重量铜: 3650伽马
Magnets : 8 NIB (Bremag 27MGoe) (2x4 magnets stacked) 磁体: 8型nib ( bremag 27mgoe ) (难得磁体堆叠)
Magnet spec (one unit), ref: BREMAG27 磁铁规格( 1股) ,编号: bremag27
diam 22mm and 10 mm thick, diam 22mm和10毫米厚,
BH Max : 27MG Oe 208 Kj/m3 波黑马克斯:大江之208 kj/m3
Br : 10500 G 1050 mT 溴: 10500政1050吨
Hc : 10000 Oe 800 kA/m 内务: 10000光电800家/米
Pulsed coil voltages : about 300 Volts DC ( with BackEMF spikes up to 1500 Volts..) 脉冲电压线圈:约300伏特直流( backemf峰值高达1500伏特.. )
Speed = 230 RPM 速度= 230 rpm的
Commutator type : Mechanical (brushes) 整流子类型:机械(刷)
QMM11diag.GIF

 楼主| 发表于 2007-9-12 09:45:17 | 显示全部楼层
换向器的设计和供电


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The main commutator wheel is made with an insulating material like Bakelite, Epoxy, Teflon, Ertalon.. 主要换向器车轮是一种绝缘材料一样,胶木,环氧树脂,聚四氟乙烯, ertalon ..
The rotating contacts are made with copper or silver sheet and have rectangular shape glued on the wheel. 旋转接触与铜或银板,并有长方形胶结对车轮。
These rotating contacts are at 180 degrees and one on each side of the wheel, thus, when the brushes touch these contacts, the circuit will close. 这些旋转接触是在180度,其中每一侧车轮,因此当画笔触摸这些接触,电路将关闭。 The polarity of the current is reversed in the coil for each half turn. 极性,目前正好相反,线圈为每半转。
Each pair of brushes are made with a copper or silver sheet and must be separated by at least 10mm to prevent eventual sparks. 每个一双刷了与铜或银板,必须间隔至少为10mm ,以防止最终产生火花。
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QMM11psup.GIF
If you want to use the Newman's motor with a 12V DC Battery, you need only to connect the 12V DC power supply (below) instead of the 220/220V insulator transformer from the main power supply (above). 如果你想用纽曼的电动机的12v直流电池,你只需要连接的12v直流电源(以下) ,而不是该220/220v绝缘变压器从主电源(以上) 。
 
hv12vdrv.gif
 
 楼主| 发表于 2007-9-12 09:46:01 | 显示全部楼层
整和示波器照片


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The picture above shows the voltage induced in the coil without pulse (Free run). 图片说明上述电压诱导线圈无脉冲(自由运行) 。
You can notice that the voltage induced reaches its maximum when the rotating magnet is at 90 degrees from the axis of the coil (positions 2 and 4). 你可以看到电压诱导达到最高时旋转磁铁是90度,从轴线线圈(岗位2和4 ) 。
You can also notice that the voltage induced is null when the rotating magnet is at 0 degrees from the axis of the coil (positions 1, 3 and 5). 你也可以看到电压诱导为null当磁铁旋转时,是0度,从轴线线圈(岗位1 ,第3和第5 ) 。
The "firing pulse" (when the current is sent to the coil) timing and duration depends of your initial choice : "发射脉冲" (当电流送到线圈)的时间和长短取决于你的最初选择 :
Case 1 : The Newman's machine runs as a MOTOR . 例1 :纽曼的机器运行作为一个马达 。 In this case, all the magnetic energy will be used for producing HIGH EFFICIENCY TORQUE . 在这种情况下,所有的磁场能量将用于生产高效率的扭矩 。
Case 2 : The Newman's machine runs as a GENERATOR . 案例二 :纽曼的机器运行一台发电机 。 In this case, all the magnetic energy will be used for producing STRONG BackEMF which RECHARGES THE BATTERY SOURCE and also produces usable electricity . 在这种情况下,所有的磁场能量将用于生产backemf强劲,其中充电电池的来源和产生,也可用电力 。
Case 3 : The Newman's machine runs as a MOTOR/GENERATOR . 案例3 :纽曼的运行机作为电动机/发电机 。 This is the best case, but the more sophisticated for the design and the tuning of the commutator. 这是一个最好的例子,但更先进的工程设计和调位子。 In this case, all the magnetic energy stored in the coil and the magnetic energy from the rotating magnet will be used for producing HIGH EFFICIENCY TORQUE and also for producing STRONG BackEMF, this RECHARGES THE BATTERY SOURCE. 在这种情况下 , 所有的磁场能量储存在线圈和磁能从旋转磁铁将用于生产高效率和扭矩也产生强烈backemf ,这个充电电池源。
The Newman's Energy Machine V1.0, that I am glad to present you, has been designed only for the case 1 and 2 . 纽曼的能源机v1.0的,我很高兴现在你已经设计只为案例1和2 。 The case 3 can be done with an enhanced and more sophisticated commutator . 案件3可以做一个增强和更先进的位子 。
QMM11COM.JPG
For tuning the timing of the "firing pulse" Vs the angle of the rotating magnet you must : 调谐时间"发射脉冲"与角度旋转磁铁,你必须:
1) Adjust and lock the commutator wheel, so that the "contact sheets" must be parallel with the axis of the rotating magnet, 1 )调整和锁住车轮换向器,使"联系单" ,必须用平行轴旋转磁铁
2) The phase adjustment can be finely tuned by moving left and right the arms which maintain the pair of contacts. 2 )相位调节,可精确调谐移动左和右的武器维持两人的接触。 You need to check this with an oscilloscope connected accross the coil. 你需要检查这与示波器连接整个线圈。 Be carefull of the High Voltage, the spike can reach up to 1500 Volts, so I suggest you to add a 1 Mohms resistor in series with your scope probe (you see this resistor in the picture above), 可carefull的高电压,穗可达1500伏特,所以,我建议你加上一mohms电阻串联贵范围探针(你看这个电阻在图片上面) ,
3) The Pulse duration can also be finely tuned by moving up and down the arms with the pair of contacts. 3 )脉冲宽度也可以精细调校移动上下颠簸武器与两人接触。 So, by this mean, you will be able to adjust the pulse duration of the "firing pulse". 因此,这意味着,你将能够调节脉冲宽度的"发射脉冲" 。 The closer to the circumference, the shorter will be the pulse duration. 该接近圆周,较短,将脉冲宽度。
QMM11SC5.JPG
In this case, the Newman's Machine acts as a GENERATOR (see the strong backEMF spikes) 在这种情况下,纽曼的机器作为发电机(见强backemf穗)
Rotor speed : about 230 RPM, (one turn in 260 milliseconds) 转速 :约230 rpm的, ( 1转260毫秒)
Pulses duration : 30 milliseconds at 275 Volts 脉冲持续时间 : 30毫秒,在275伏特
TWO pulses sent by turn (in opposite direction): One pulse each 180 degrees, 两个脉冲发送转(在相反方向) :一个脉搏每180度,
when the axis of the magnets are at 90 degrees from the coil axis. 当轴磁体处于90度,从线圈轴。
Working cycle : 26% by turn 工作周期 : 26 %转
Qmm11cmt.gif
Some Tips for the tuning : 一些提示为整 :
For the best tuning you need to add a 100 ohms resistor in series with the coil, so you will be able to measure the Voltage and the Current accross the coil. 为最佳调谐你需要添加一个100欧姆电阻串联线圈的,那么你将能够测量电压和电流线圈。
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The scope ground is connected on point C 范围地面连接点三
The Current probe is connected on point B ( in reverse mode) 目前探头连接点二(反向模式)
The Voltage probe is connected on point A 电压探头连接上的一个点
QMM11SC9.JPG
If you want the Newman's machine to run as a GENERATOR you need to adjust the firing pulse, so that the commutator is opened at the points 2 and 4 (see the "Free Run" picture above). 如果你想要纽曼的机器上运行,作为一台发电机 ,你需要调整发射脉冲,使换向器是开点2和4 (见"自由运行"图片上面) 。 With this tuning you get very STRONG SPARKS (see the scope picture above) and you can use this BackEmf energy for recharging the capacitor/battery. 这整你很强烈火花 (见范围图片以上) ,你可以用这个backemf能量充电电容/电池。
If you want the Newman's machine to run as a MOTOR you need to adjust the firing pulse, so that the commutator is opened when the CURRENT is nullified by the magnetomotive energy resulting from the BackEmf and the Rotating magnet. 如果你想要纽曼的机器上运行作为汽车 ,你需要调整发射脉冲,使换向器打开时,电流是由废弃的磁能量因backemf和旋转磁铁。 So the motor will " regauge " itself each 180 degrees and will be able to give its best efficiency in mechanical power. 因此,将汽车" regauge "本身各180度,将能够给其最佳效率机械动力。 
 楼主| 发表于 2007-9-12 09:46:43 | 显示全部楼层
初步试验结果 ( 1998年6月17日)


注从法国路易诺丁 :
This is only a PRELIMINARY TEST of my Newman's Energy Machine 1.0, so all the measurements need to be checked and rechecked again for a better proof of the result showed bellow. 这只是一个初步的考验我的纽曼的能源机1.0 ,因此,所有的测量必须加以检查和复查再作一个更好的证明结果表明,娄。
I have chosen my Newman's machine to run as a MOTOR , so the commutator was opened when the CURRENT in the coil was nullified by the magnetomotive energy resulting from the BackEmf and the rotating magnet. 我选择我的纽曼的机器上运行,作为一个电机,使换向器被打开时, 电流线圈被宣告无效 ,由磁能量因backemf和旋转磁铁。
Q11power.jpg
But I agree with all of you, "In theory, there is no difference between theory and practice, but in practice, there is." . 但我同意大家的, "从理论上讲,是没有区别的理论与实践,但在实践中,有" 。 。 So, only a deep and accurate testing (by measuring the mechanical torque output Vs the Electrical Power Input) of this device will prove if my theory exposed above is really true..... 因此,只有深刻而精确的测试(测量机械输出力矩随电力输入)这个装置将证明,如果我的理论暴露以上是真的… …
The tests are not yet finished, and all comments are welcome. 测试尚未完成,而所有的评论都欢迎。 
 楼主| 发表于 2007-9-12 09:54:13 | 显示全部楼层

苏吉:
UPDATE AND OSCILLOSCOPE PHOTOGRAPHS! 更新和示波器照片!
Date:日期:
18/11/98 01:14:17 18/11/98 1时14分17秒
From:来自:
josephnewman@earthlink.net (Evan Soule) josephnewman@earthlink.net ( soule聿)
Dear Stefan and Jean-Louis,亲爱的斯特凡和让-路易,
I wanted to send you a number of gif images of oscilloscope photographs --我要送你一个数字gif图像示波器照片-
I don't know if you have seen these (only one of them is in Joe's book -- the others are not).我不知道,如果你看过这些(只是其中之一就是在乔的书-有些不是) 。
You are welcome to post them on your site for comparison purposes.欢迎您,请先他们对你的网站作比较。
Best regards,问候,
Evan Soule' 埃文soule '

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[此帖子已被 dymodel 在 2007-9-12 9:55:00 编辑过]

 楼主| 发表于 2007-9-12 09:55:41 | 显示全部楼层
照片
newmset0.jpg
The Original Newman's Energy Machine (the smaller unit) - June, 1984 原来纽曼的能量机(小股) -六月, 1 984

The Newman's Machine of JL Naudin and M.David - June, 1998 纽曼的机器的jl诺丁和m.大卫-1 998年6月
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The Newman's Machine of Stefan Hartmann - November, 1998 纽曼的机器斯特凡哈特曼-1 1, 1 998 
 楼主| 发表于 2007-9-12 09:58:04 | 显示全部楼层
走向自由能源?
1998年11月20日-第一o verunity结果(机械输出功率> a vg电气输入功率)
Today (11-20-98), I have reconducted new measurements about the mechanical efficiency of my Newman's Energy machine v2.0.今天( 1998年11月20日) ,我已经重新测量新约机械效率我国纽曼的能源机器2.0 。 I have used a new digital oscilloscope (Tektronix THS720P ), with this instrument, I have been able to measure in real time and accurately the electrical power input , in spite of the strong and short spikes of back current.我用一种新的数字示波器(泰克ths720p ) ,这个仪器后,我已能衡量实时和准确的电力输入 ,尽管强劲,短穗回电流。
The mechanical power power ouput has been measured with the Prony Brake method .机械功率输出进行了测试与制动器的prony方法 。
The mechanical power output from the Newman's machine was measured by calculating the frictionnal torque load on the motor shaft and multiplying this by the rotational speed of the motor (measured with the scope). 机械输出功率从纽曼的机器测量计算frictionnal转矩负载对电机轴乘以这个由转速电机(测量范围) 。 The mechanical brake used in this test was the simplest and most straight forward technique to measure and vary shaft power, which is very simply defined as torque times rotational speed (Power=Torque * Rotational_speed).机械制动用这项测试是最简单和最直截了当的技术来衡量和异轴功率,这是非常简单定义为时代扭矩转速(功率=扭矩rotational_speed * ) 。
PRBsetup.GIF

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The Prony brake installed on my Newmans' Machine v2.0 该制动器的prony安装我的售票'机2.0
with a digital electronic balance. 与数字电子秤。
I have used only an lenght of 0.25m for the Prony brake lever and conducted 5 measurements.我只用了一个长0.25m ,为的prony制动杠杆,并进行测量5 。 Between each measurements, I have checked that the balance has been previously set to zero.彼此间测量,我已检查过的余额已先前设定为零。
I have used a Tektronix THS720P Isolated Channel Scope/DMM (tm).我用泰克ths720p孤立频道范围/多用表( tm )的。 It combines a full-featured 100Mhz bandwith and 500 MS/s sample rate digital realtime scope.它结合了一个功能齐全的100mhz的带宽和500余/秒采样速率实时数字范围。 This scope includes features specialy for electric/power electronics measurements which allow testing and measuring the electrical power in realtime with statistics and math calculations.此范围内包含特别电气/电力电子测量允许测试电力实时统计和数学计算。
My first "historical" test was conducted with the Prony Brake set to 6 grammes:我的第一次"历史性"的测试进行了的prony制动装置6克:
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This is the Voltage/Current/Power measurement on the THS720P scope 这是电压/电流/功率测量对ths720p范围
The scope picture above shows the voltage accross the power supply ( blue curve ), the current input ( green curve ), and the real time calculated power input ( red curve ).范围图片上面显示两端的电压电源(蓝线) ,电流输入(绿色曲线) ,并实时计算输入功率(红色曲线) 。 The prony brake level lenght was 0.25 meter and the weight measured was 6 grammes.该制动器的prony水平长度为0.25米和实测重量为6克。 The rotation speed was 275 RPM ( period=218 ms).转速为275转(周期= 218余) 。
The average power input measured with the scope was 317.1 mW . The mechanical power output measured on the shaft was 424.1 mW. 平均输入功率测量范围为3.171兆瓦 。 机械输出功率测量轴为 424.1兆瓦。
This give a mechanical efficiency of 134% (see the hardcopy of the scope picture bellow) 这给机械效率134 % (见印刷范围娄图片)
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Encouraged with these interesting results, I have decided to conduct others measurements. 鼓励这些有趣的结果,我已决定等进行测量。
So, I have conducted 3 others tests :因此,我已进行了3其他测试:
1) Prony Brake setup: L = 0.25m, Weight = 4 grammes, 1 )的prony制动装置: 1 = 0.25m ,体重= 4克,
Electrical Average Power Input = 120.9mW电动平均输入功率= 120.9mw
Mechanical Power Output = 305.1mW at 297RPM机械输出功率= 305.1mw在297rpm
Efficiency = 252% 效率= 252 %
n2l25g4.gif
2) Prony Brake setup: L = 0.25m, Weight = 8 grammes, 2 )的prony制动装置: 1 = 0.25m ,体重= 8克,
Electrical Average Power input = 369.1mW电动平均输入功率= 369.1mw
Mechanical Power Output = 522.35mW at 254RPM机械输出功率= 522.35mw在254rpm
Efficiency = 142% 效率= 142 %
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3) Prony Brake setup: L = 0.25m, Weight = 10 grammes, 3 )制动的prony格局: 1 = 0.25m ,体重= 10克,
Electrical Average Power Input = 612.5mW电动平均输入功率= 612.5mw
Mechanical Power Output = 642.06mW at 254RPM机械输出功率= 642.06mw在254rpm
Efficiency = 105% 效率= 105 %
n2l25g10.gif
Without mechanical load on the shaft, the electrical Power Input was about 205.2 mW at 333RPM无机械负荷对轴,电机输入功率约为2,052兆瓦在333rpm
The Joules losses in the coil are included in the Electrical Power Input....该焦耳损失线圈都包括在电力输入....
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按此看到
纽曼的机器测试视频
与我的评论( 153kb )
 楼主| 发表于 2007-9-12 09:58:45 | 显示全部楼层

1998年12月1日-回流测量各种设置范围接地
The main purpose of these series of tests is to find if the negative spikes of current ( the back current ) previously measured by some experimenters and myself are real or only scope artefacts... 主要目的,这些一系列的试验是寻找,如果负尖峰电流(背面电流)来衡量以前的一些实验和自己的实际,或只范围珍品… …
For the measurements, I have used a Tektronix oscilloscope
THS720P
 , this is an independently floating and isolated channels scope and it has full floating measurement capability . 为测量,我用泰克示波器
ths720p
 ,这是一个 独立浮动和孤立的渠道和范围,它有充分的浮动测量能力 。 The power supply of my Newman's Machine v2.0 was completly isolated from the ground by an insulation transformer, so nothing in the test circuit was grounded. 电源我的纽曼机2.0 completly得到被孤立从地面由一个绝缘变压器,所以没有在测试电路接地。 I have also added two HF Choke coils directly connected at the input of my Newman's machine for blocking the RF spikes and avoiding some EMI ( Electro-Magnetic Interferences in the power supply ). 我还补充了两个高频扼流圈线圈直接连接在输入我的纽曼的机堵射频棘和避免一些干扰(电磁干扰,在电源) 。
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Two HF blockers has been put in series with the Newman's Machine 两位巨星阻滞剂已提出一系列与纽曼的机器
So, I have conducted TWO differents setups : 因此,我已进行了两次differents格局:
1) The TEST type A : 1 )试验类型 :
- The current was measured accross a 10 ohms ceramic resistor with the scope ground connected to the negative output of the power supply . -目前是衡量一个横跨1 0欧姆陶瓷电阻范围地面连接到负输出电源。 The voltage was 612 Volts DC and stable. 电压为612伏特直流与稳定。
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2) The TEST type B : 2 )试验b型 :
- The current was measured accross a 10 ohms ceramic resistor with the scope ground connected to the input the Newman's Machine . -目前是衡量一个横跨1 0欧姆陶瓷电阻范围地面连接到输入纽曼的机器。 The voltage was 612 Volts DC and stable. 电压为612伏特直流与稳定。
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TEST TYPE A, Measurements : 测试类型,测量 :
- The current was measured accross a 10 ohms ceramic resistor with the scope ground connected to the negative output of the power supply . -目前是衡量一个横跨1 0欧姆陶瓷电阻范围地面连接到负输出电源。 The voltage was 612 Volts DC and stable. 电压为612伏特直流与稳定。
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TEST TYPE A : setup and scope picture 测试类型 : 安装和范围图片
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Test Type A: 10mA/div 50ms/div 测试类型: 10ma/div 50ms/div
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Test Type A: 20mA/div 50ms/div 测试类型: 20ma/div 50ms/div
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Test Type A: 50mA/div 50ms/div 测试类型: 50ma/div 50ms/div
TEST TYPE B, Measurements : 试验型二,测量 :
- The current was measured accross a 10 ohms ceramic resistor with the scope ground connected to the input the Newman's Machine . -目前是衡量一个横跨1 0欧姆陶瓷电阻范围地面连接到输入纽曼的机器。 The voltage was 612 Volts DC and stable. 电压为612伏特直流与稳定。
nwg2cpi3.jpg
TEST TYPE B : setup and scope picture 试验型二 : 安装和范围图片
ncg2cla.gif
Test Type B: 10mA/div 50ms/div 试验型乙: 10ma/div 50ms/div
ncg2clb.gif
Test Type B: 20mA/div 50ms/div 试验型乙: 20ma/div 50ms/div
ncg2clc.gif
Test Type B: 50mA/div 50ms/div 试验型乙: 50ma/div 50ms/div
You may notice that, in spite of scale changing during the measurement ( from 10mA/div to 50mA/div ) and the swapping of the ground scope position Vs the power supply ( Test A and Test B setup ), the negative current spikes seems always presents and seems really generated by my Newman's Machine.... 你可以看到,尽管规模在不断变化的测量(从10ma/div以50ma/div )和交换的范围地面位置随电源(检验和测试设置二) ,负序电流尖峰似乎总是礼物似乎真的产生纽曼,我的机....
nwjltst.jpg

 楼主| 发表于 2007-9-12 10:01:54 | 显示全部楼层

你会发现下面,供电示意图纽曼的机v2.0和其尖峰电流观众:
nwpsup.gif
nwspkvw1.jpg
nwspkanm.gif
The blinking neon light bulbs shows the direct and the back current spike flow. 闪烁霓虹灯泡显示直接和背部电流流穗。
nwneons1.gif
This scope picture shows the voltage accross each neon bulb 这个范围图示电压全国各霓虹灯泡
CH1 = direct current spikes, CH2 = back current spikes ch1 =直接电流尖峰, ch2的回=电流尖峰
( notice the average voltage measured on the left... ) (公告平均电压测量左... )
Ps : You may hear the noise of the Newman's Machine running... ps :如果你可以听到噪声纽曼的运行机... 
 楼主| 发表于 2007-9-12 10:07:10 | 显示全部楼层
感兴趣的请到这里来吧,不过为了提高国人的技术水平可不要独享呀,把中文的转到这里让大空都来学习一下:

http://64.233.179.104/translate_c?hl=zh-CN&u=http://jnaudin.free.fr/html/qmmv11.htm
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