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[技术] 研磨机制作

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发表于 2009-10-16 05:01:39 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
用一个报废了的液化汽钢瓶,加上一个电机,及一些零件,就可以制作出属于您的简易研磨机,是不是很简单,很容易呀。对于DIY设备,可以减少我们很多繁重的体力劳动。所以如果你需要研磨机设备,请你也来DIY一个。生活是充满乐趣的,实现自己的工具现代化,也是非常自豪的。看看,这么多的工具都是我制造的,什么心情就不用说了。只要用得顺手就好。废话就不多说了。下边的这个帖子是英文的并有大量的图片,相信不会英文的朋友也是一样可以看明白的。对了,还是用Google翻译一下吧。虽然不太准确,还是可以明白大概的。

George Vontorne's propane tank sand muller
Photos and captions Copyright © by George Vontorne -- geo98506@earthlink.net
How to build the Vontorne propane tank sand muller - Part 1

A sand muller is a machine that mixes and restores the "ready-to-use" texture of molding sand. George sent me these plans for a sand muller which he designed and built so that other hobby metalcasters can benefit from this machine. If you've been wanting to build a muller but couldn't obtain a suitable drum like some of the big mullers shown online, or just need a small unit for your light hobby work, this may be just the ticket! Questions concerning this project should be sent to George. The plans were sent to me in PDF format but I converted them to regular web page format for easier access.
乔治Vontorne的丙烷罐砂研磨机
照片及说明版权所有©由乔治Vontorne - geo98506@earthlink.net
如何构建Vontorne丙烷罐砂研磨-第1部分

沙马勒是一台混合并恢复“准备使用”纹理的型砂。乔治送给我一沙穆勒,他设计和建造,以便其他爱好metalcasters可以受益于本机这些计划。如果你一直希望建立一个马勒,但未能获得适当的鼓形在线所示,或只是需要你的光爱好工作的一个小单位的一些大粉碎设备,这可能只是一票!该项目有关的问题应送往乔治。有关计划发送给我的PDF格式,但我转换更加容易地获取他们正规的网页格式。

研磨机制作

研磨机制作


研磨机资料

研磨机资料
 楼主| 发表于 2009-10-16 05:03:32 | 显示全部楼层
georgemullerC.jpg
研磨机

研磨机侧面图

研磨机侧面图


研磨机侧面图

研磨机侧面图


研磨机内部图

研磨机内部图
 楼主| 发表于 2009-10-16 05:07:02 | 显示全部楼层
How to build a sand muller

Caution.
In the interest of personal safety it is recommended that you use a brand NEW tank that has NEVER held any gas, or if using and old tank, make sure it is thoroughly empty of all traces of LP or propane gas. The cutting of LP/propane gas tanks has the same, or greater danger than cutting or welding old petrol tanks. You could be dealing with a potential bomb. If you have to use an old tank, make sure you fill the tank 3/4 full of water before using an Oxy-acet. cutting torch, or when cutting with a metal cut off disk on an angle grinder. Water will reduce the amount of air space in the tank; hence lessen chance of a blow up.

如何建立一个砂研磨机

注意。
在个人安全起见,建议您使用全新的坦克从未举行过任何气体,或者如果使用旧坦克,确保它是彻底的液化天然气或丙烷的所有痕迹空。在唱片切割/丙烷气体罐具有相同或大于旧切割或焊接油罐的危险。你可以处理的一个潜在的炸弹。如果您必须使用旧坦克,请确保您使用的是之前出任氧乙酰坦克3 / 4的水。割炬,或有金属切削切断了1角向磨光机的磁盘。水将减少油箱中的空气空间的数量,从而减轻了打击的机会了。

georgemuller01.jpg

Step one.
You need to remove the sheet metal valve guard surround. Which is the curved plate that wraps around the valve body on top of the tank. If you are using a new tank you can remove it by grinding or slitting the weld beads using a small 4" angle grinder. Wear eye goggles for your own protection.

If you are using an old tank make sure the valve is closed, and ensure that you don't grind through the tank casing. Do not use an Oxy-cutting torch on an old tank at this point.

With the guard removed you need to saw off the valve with a hacksaw. If you are dealing with an old tank, do not use a grinder or torch to remove the valve. Of course if the tank is new you can cut the valve body and boss off quite safely with a 9" angle grinder. Once the guard is removed you may be able to unscrew and remove the tank valve.

Lay the tank on its side. Using a text marker draw a line around it 2.5" - 3.5" above the center weld seam of the tank. (See illustration above). If you are using an old tank that has previously held gas then you will need to wash it out with soap and water. Fill the tank and slosh it around for a minute then empty the contents out.

Do not start cutting the tank until you have studied all of the drawings and read the instructions from start to finish.

第1步。
您需要删除金属板阀后卫包围。这是弧形板,约在燃料箱顶部阀体包装。如果您使用一个新的坦克,您可以删除或切磨削使用小4“角向磨光机焊珠它。磨损为了保护您的护目镜。

如果您使用的是旧坦克确保阀门关闭,并确保不磨通过坦克外壳。不要使用氧削减旧坦克在这一点上的火炬。

随着后卫删除您需要关闭阀门,看见一个钢锯。如果你正在处理一个旧坦克,不要使用磨床或删除火炬阀门。当然,如果是新的坦克,您可以很安全地切断了9“角向磨光机的阀体和老板。队一旦被删除您可能能够旋和消除罐阀门。

奠定其侧箱。使用文本标记周围绘制一条线2.5“ - 3.5”以上的中心坦克焊缝。 (见如上图)。如果您使用的旧坦克先前曾天然气,那么你将需要用肥皂和水出来。填充坦克和晃动一分钟的内容,然后空出它。

不要启动削减坦克,直到你已看过所有的图纸和从头到尾阅读说明完成

其实,就是用的一个液化汽罐。
 楼主| 发表于 2009-10-16 05:08:41 | 显示全部楼层

研磨机制作

研磨机制作


Take your marker pen and draw a line radiating out from the center of the old valve boss. next start nearest to the boss and using a straight edge or ruler draw a line at right angle (90 Deg.) to the center line.

Continue to draw along the top of the tank and down over the curved side of the tank to the cut line marked around the tank. This curved piece will form the trailing edge of your blade. Draw carefully to keep the line straight, looking at it from the top.

Now as you can see in the diagram you need to measure out from the first line about 1.5" to 1.75" (the wider measurement will probably be best).

Then draw another line down over the edge parallel to the trailing edge. This will be the leading edge. Connect the two lines with a curved line as in the illustration by either hand drawing or by using a circle shaped template.

Do not cross the cut line that you previously marked around the tank.

Rotate the tank 90 deg. And repeat the steps above on the other side (see the next illustration). You should now have both blades drawn. Do Not Cut The Cylinder Yet.

As you may have noticed from the drawings the top of the cylinder is used to cut most of the parts for the muller. The top of the cylinder will be cut off and discarded. Please be careful as you mark out all the items before you begin to do any cutting.

Tools For Cutting
A small angle grinder should be able to handle the cutting job. Don't worry about trying to cut a half circle at the ends of the carver blade. Cut the blade as a rectangle and carefully form the radius afterwards with the angle grinder and a linishing belt. If you are skilled enough you could use an Oxy/Acet. gas torch to cut the parts out, but the angle grinder will make a neater job.

以您的标记笔,以此为辐射从旧阀门老板的中心了。下次启动最接近老板并使用直边或统治者绘制在直角线(90度。)到中线。

继续提请沿着坦克和减少对燃料箱弯曲方淘汰线附近最显着的坦克。这弯曲件将成为您的叶片后缘。精心绘制的路线保持直线,看它从顶部。

现在,你可以看到在图你需要测量从第一行约1.5“出来1.75”(更广泛的测量可能会最好)。

然后引出了另一行的边缘平行的后缘。这将是领先的优势。作为连接中任何一方的插图用手工绘制模板形成一个圆圈,或曲线的两行。

不要交叉淘汰线您以前周围的红油。

旋转90度的坦克。并重复对方的上述步骤(参见下图)。您现在应该有两个刀片结论。不削减,但缸。

正如您可能已经从图纸气缸的顶部发现是用来切割为穆勒的部分最大。气瓶的顶部将被切断和抛弃。请小心你的所有标记的项目,然后再开始做任何削减。

工具切割
小角向磨光机应该能够处理切割工作。不要担心试图削减对卡弗刀片结束了半圈。切作为一个矩形刀片,仔细形成的角向磨光机和linishing带后的半径。如果你够可以熟练使用氧/丙酮。天然气火炬削减的部分,但是,角向磨光机将作整洁工作。
 楼主| 发表于 2009-10-16 05:10:03 | 显示全部楼层

研磨机

 研磨机



Now the fun begins
Now you need to draw the dump door and the door seal. To do this draw a line out from the valve boss like you did to start the blade drawing. This will be the center line of the door. Move to the side of this line 1.75" and draw a line over the curved area seen in the illustration. Move to the other side of the center line and repeat. These three lines are to be parallel. Measure out 3" from the center of the valve hole, make a mark and go another 4.5" and make another mark.
Draw a line perpendicular to the center line and connect the two side lines at the marks; you should now see a drawing of the door.
Move to a new area and draw a new center line for the door seal. Measure out 2.75" from the valve hole center and make a mark. Measure 7.5" from the center of the hole and make another mark. To the side of the center line move over 2" and draw a line parallel to the center line. Repeat this on the other side of center line. Draw lines perpendicular to the center line and you see a square shape larger than the door. Now inside of this door seal square, draw a smaller square (see illustration) sides should be about 1/2" wide.
Now you have all the drawings done. You can now cut the tank in two halves along the cut line that you marked out earlier. Cut out the blades and the door parts. When you have the door cut out place it on the bottom part of the tank. The part corresponding to where you cut out on the top. Draw around it, cut this area out, but stay inside the lines. You want the door to fit closely with a slight gap of no more than 1/16".
现在开始的乐趣
现在你需要提请转储门,门封条。要做到这一点借鉴阀门老板喜欢你没有启动刀片画线了。这将是门的中心线。移动到该行1.75“一边,得出的插图中看到的弯曲区的一条线。移动到中线,重复另一侧。这三行要平行。测量出3”的中心阀孔,作出标记并转到另一个4.5“,并再作标记。
以此为中心垂直线和连接两方的标志线,您现在应该看到一个门绘图。
移动到一个新的领域,绘制出新的门封条中心线。测量出2.75“从阀孔中心,并作出标记。措施7.5”从孔中心,再作标记。到中线一侧移动了2“,划一条平行于中线。重复对中线的另一边的。绘制线条垂直中心线与你看到一个方形比门大。现在这门封广场内,绘制一个小正方形(见图)双方应约1 / 2“宽。
现在,你把所有的绘图工作。现在,您可以削减2淘汰线沿线的标记,你刚才半坦克。剪下叶片和门部分。当您有门切出来放在燃料箱底部的一部分。对应的部分你削减名列前茅。画周围,切断这方面,但是在室内逗留线。您希望的大门,以适应以不超过1轻微差距/ 16密切合作“。
 楼主| 发表于 2009-10-16 05:11:58 | 显示全部楼层
georgemuller04a.jpg

Image on left: This view is from the bottom of the tank which shows the floor stand ring on the base of the tank, part of which has been cut away to allow room for the location of the dump door. The sketch shows the door opening already cut out.

georgemuller04b.jpg

Note: There are two parts that make up the dump door. The inner or smaller part of the door is the cutout. When the door seal is overlaid and welded to the inner section it will fill the void left when you make the cut-out in the bottom of the tank (see picture). For efficient mulling action the inside surface of the tank must remain smooth. The filler piece will ensure smoothness. Tack weld seal and inner door piece on the outside only otherwise the door may not seal correctly.

Image on right: These are the parts for the dump door hinges. The curve where they meet the tank can be traced by inserting a cardboard pattern or template in the slot made from cutting out the blades. Trace the hinges using the dump shoot side as a pattern, see illustration. The plate thickness of the material for the parts are .125" or 1/8" ms plate. Image on left: This view is from the bottom of the tank which shows the floor stand ring on the base of the tank, part of which has been cut away to allow room for the location of the dump door. The sketch shows the door opening already cut out.

Note: There are two parts that make up the dump door. The inner or smaller part of the door is the cutout. When the door seal is overlaid and welded to the inner section it will fill the void left when you make the cut-out in the bottom of the tank (see picture). For efficient mulling action the inside surface of the tank must remain smooth. The filler piece will ensure smoothness. Tack weld seal and inner door piece on the outside only otherwise the door may not seal correctly.

Image on right: These are the parts for the dump door hinges. The curve where they meet the tank can be traced by inserting a cardboard pattern or template in the slot made from cutting out the blades. Trace the hinges using the dump shoot side as a pattern, see illustration. The plate thickness of the material for the parts are .125" or 1/8" ms plate.
 楼主| 发表于 2009-10-16 05:13:02 | 显示全部楼层
georgemuller05.jpg

When the trap door on the bottom of the muller is opened it will form the third side of the shoot to direct the mulled sand into a bucket or container.

The door is to be centered in the door seal piece so the door will fill the hole cut for it which makes the inside smooth. If you have been careful when marking out and cutting the parts outlined on page one these parts should all line up accurately ready to weld. The seal will lay over the gap on the outside of the tank. Weld the shoot sides on the tank leaving about 1/16" between the seal and the shoot side.

After you have welded the shoot sides in place you can weld the hinge pieces to the door. Leave a gap between the chute sides and the hinges of 1/16". An easy way to get the door to align correctly is to pre-drill the hort hinge flats before welding on the sides of the shoot (it can be done with careful setup and marking out). Then the parts can be assembled and placed on the tank and tack welded. Then you can check the operation of everything before doing the final welding.

The view shows the tank with the door assembled with the door seal and hinges welded in place. Only one side of the shoot is shown as a solid. The other is left out for clarity. Note the hinge pin line. Some people may with to drill the holes after the shoot sides are welded to the tank and the door is in position.

当穆勒的底部的活门打开,将形成的拍摄第三方直接进入水桶或容器的心理转折实在不足沙子。

大门是要集中在门密封件等的大门,将填补这个洞的削减使内部顺利。如果你一直小心划出和削减第一页上的这些部分都应该准确地排队准备焊接概述的部分。印章将为在对燃料箱外的差距。焊接拍片离开坦克约1 / 16之间的印章和拍摄方“双方。

当您在焊接的地方,您可以焊接件的铰链在门的拍摄地。给槽之间的双方和铰链的1 /16“。一个简单的方法得到的大门差距是正确对齐预先钻前的拍摄地焊接铰链的园艺单位(可以仔细的做设置和划出)。然后零部件均可和坦克和钉焊接上。然后你可以做之前检查最后焊接的一切运作。

该视图显示与组装的门封门坦克和铰链焊接到位。只有一个拍摄一边显示为固体。另一种是左为清晰。请注意铰链销行。有些人可能与钻拍摄后,双方的孔焊接在坦克和门口位置。
 楼主| 发表于 2009-10-16 05:14:10 | 显示全部楼层
georgemuller06.jpg

Now, a 1" diameter hole will need to be drilled or bored dead centerin the middle of the tank bottom to install the center stand tube.Insert the tube up to the weld line shown in the illustration and weldit in place. Make sure that it's straight because it forms the axle foryour carver blades.
The various tube parts shown above can be made from electrician'smetal tubing which can be bought from Lowes, The Home Depot or yourlocal electrical contractor. A good metal supply shop should also stocka heavier guage ERW tubing if you wish to use this. Contact your localelectrical man first as he may have some short ends left over from ajob that he will give you. You will use one complete length of 1" tubeif you use it for the support legs of your muller.

现在,1“直径孔将需要钻孔还是无聊在槽底中间死点安装管中心的立场。管插入到焊缝的图所示,焊接到位。确保它的直接,因为它构成了您的雕刻刀片轴。

各种管上面显示的地点,可以从电工的金属管,可购买洛,家得宝或当地电业承办商。良好的金属供应店也应加重股票指数战争遗留爆炸物的油管如果你想使用这个。请联系当地电力第一人,他可能有一些遗留下来的短暂结束了工作,他会给你。您将使用一个完整长度的1“管,如果你使用你的腿穆勒支持它。
 楼主| 发表于 2009-10-16 05:15:28 | 显示全部楼层
georgemuller07.jpg

Notes:

When building projects such as the muller, a lathe will allow you to machine many of the parts for greater accuracy rather than relying on hand finishing with a file or hand held grinder. In fact when you come to a point of building and fabricating the reduction gear drive a lathe will come in handy for machining the shafts, bosses, collars and any other parts that may require machining.

注释:

当如马勒的建设项目,车床可让您机器的更准确的地方很多,而不是与一个文件或手持磨床依靠手工完成。事实上,当你来到一个建筑和制造减少齿轮传动车床加工会派上用场的轴点,老板,白领和任何其他地方,可能需要加工。
 楼主| 发表于 2009-10-16 05:16:28 | 显示全部楼层
georgemuller08.jpg

Because there are different ways to build a gear reduction unit, eg chain and sprocket or gearbox, we are only showing you the setup angle of the muller. This is the optimum angle to tumble and mull the sand.

The carver blades should rotate between 25-35 RPM. So whatever reduction method you use you will have to do the math to figure your reduction to these speeds. With a 1750 RPM motor the reduction will be about 60:1. Electric motors in other countries may operate at 1350 RPM so a different reduction gear set will be required.

This mulling machine has three support legs; two at the front and one at the rear. Make sure the legs extend forward to the front of the bucket and calculate the length to make the legs long enough so you can dump the mulled sand into a 5 gallon pale or a normal domestic garbage bin. Give the legs plenty of spread to make sure the muller is stable while operating.

由于有不同的方法来建立一个齿轮减速装置,如链及链轮或变速箱,我们只显示您的马勒设置的角度。这是最佳角度倒下来的沙子和仔细考虑。

在雕刻刀片应轮流25-35转。所以,无论你使用的方法减少你必须做你的数学的数字减少到这些速度。与1750 RPM的汽车将减少约60:1。在其他国家电动机可运行在1350转这样一个不同的减速将需要设置。

本机有三个正在考虑支持腿,两个在前,一个在后面。确保腿部延伸着水桶前,计算长度,使腿足够长的时间,您可以转储到5加仑苍白或正常生活垃圾容器内心理转折实在不足沙子。给予足够的腿部蔓延,以确保稳定,而马勒的操作。
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