设为首页收藏本站

科技论坛

 找回密码
 注册
科技论坛 门户 航空航天 航天制造 查看内容

世界上最大的射电望远镜RATAN-600

2018-3-31 12:14| 发布者: dymodel| 查看: 153| 评论: 0|原作者: baby

摘要: 在卡拉恰伊-切尔克斯共和国,拥有世界上最大的射电望远镜RATAN-600,有趣的天体物理天文台(“600″–直径600米,–)和最大的欧亚大陆的反射主镜,直径等于六米望远镜。 “RATAN-600″.
世界上最大的射电望远镜RATAN-600
在卡拉恰伊-切尔克斯共和国,拥有世界上最大的射电望远镜RATAN-600,有趣的天体物理天文台(“600″–直径600米,–)和最大的欧亚大陆的反射主镜,直径等于六米望远镜。
世界上最大的射电望远镜RATAN-600
“RATAN-600″.
In Russian “RATAN” means “a radioaastronomical telescope of the Academy of Sciences”. It was put into operation in July, 1974 and is still functioning.
 
There is a “Pillar of Peace” nearby once set by the UN, such pillars can be seen in more than 120 countries of the world today.
 
Antenna of the radio telescope consists of metal shileds which form its huge diameter of 600 meters. It resembles a circular stadium or an amphitheater.

 
This three-storey structure serves to climb the height and maintain the shields.
 
 

Looking inside the circle through the entry portal. The circle is divided into four sectors (cardinal points) and has four independent monitoring stations.
 
Every aluminium shield is eleven meters high, there are almost 900 of them in general.
 

All together or each separately these shields may change an angle of inclination reflecting radiation of space sources which falls into the center of the telescope.
 
In the centre are feed elements which collect radiation sent by the shields. A feed transmits the received energy to the entry of the radiometer and gets finally registered by the electrical measuring instrument. Thus RATAN-600 allows to watch the sun, stars, nebulae, galaxies, comets and other celestial bodies.

 
There are several feeds which move on the rails.

 
 
Another object of the observatory is a big altazimuth telescope. It was being the world largest since 1975 to 1993. The height of its dome is almost 60 meters. Next to it is a crane for maintenance.



鲜花

握手

雷人

路过

鸡蛋

辽公网安备 21100402204006号|科技论坛 ( 辽ICP备07501385号-1   

GMT+8, 2018-12-13 10:57

Powered by tech-domain X3.4 Licensed

© 2001-2017 Comsenz Inc.

返回顶部