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海水波动能是太阳能和风能中最佳可利用能源

2018-4-22 21:57| 发布者: dymodel| 查看: 214| 评论: 0|原作者: tz2009

摘要: 以下成本数据可以看出那个是最佳能源: 太阳能装置------------------25Kwh capacity Cost $ 200,000.00 Surface area = 2000 Sq Ft @ 10 cents 风电机组的能力-------25 Kwh capacity Cost $ 50,000.00 Swee ...
以下成本数据可以看出那个是最佳能源:
太阳能装置------------------25Kwh capacity     Cost    $ 200,000.00    Surface area = 2000 Sq Ft    @ 10 cents
风电机组的能力-------25 Kwh capacity     Cost    $ 50,000.00      Sweep area   =  500 Sq Ft    @ 4.5 cents
海浪单位-------25 Kwh capacity     Cost    $ 10,000.00      Surface area  = 3 sq ft -------  @ 1 cent



远洋波机内容提要:

  THE BLUE POWER
  FUEL OF THE FUTURE
  WAVE POWER PLANT, INC.
  World has to embrace Blue Energy anyhow, if not today but how long? Reason;
  NUMBERS SPEAKS FOR ITSELF
  Cost comparison for installing Green Energy unit & output cost
  SOLAR UNIT------------------25Kwh capacity     Cost    $ 200,000.00    Surface area = 2000 Sq Ft    @ 10 cents
  WIND POWER UNIT-------25 Kwh capacity     Cost    $ 50,000.00      Sweep area   =  500 Sq Ft    @ 4.5 cents
  OCEAN WAVE UNIT-------25 Kwh capacity     Cost    $ 10,000.00      Surface area  = 3 sq ft -------  @ 1 cent
  PROJECT:  SEA GATE -1
  AN OCEAN WAVE MACHINE
  EXECUTIVE SUMMARY:
  The most promising mighty rival of all conventional forms of renewable energy for all countries and states with a sea shore is Wave Energy.  It has been estimated that a wave powered plant operating on ¼ acre of ocean waves and swells has the capacity to generate 1 Megawatt hour of energy, every 24 hour day, 365 days/year at the friction of the cost for power production.
  Wave Power Plant Inc., a Nevada corporation is completing its “Sea-Gate-1” wave powered sensor which will measure buoyant wave displacement while producing energy in the form of clean, non-polluting, storable, compressed air.   The compressed air will power Air-Powered Cars, air motors and turbines to produce electricity on shore.
  The market demand for wave energy devices is Global.
  Vision Statement
  We have the ultimate “power source” to electrify our cities & around the globe with a never ending supply of energy at a fraction of the cost that we are spending right now. With my invention it has become possible to produce 700 times cheaper Electric power than the most advanced windmills of the same size. I envision the future of my invention to have an endless supply of very low cost energy for all mankind without boundaries.
  Goal and Objective
  Provide energy for domestic and commercial applications comparable @ many times less than the conventional energy sources worldwide.
  To establish an infrastructure of compressed air stations all over, like current gas stations or power houses along the coastline making every inch of it equal to an oil field with a never ending supply ever.
  License the technology based on population and geographical parameters.
  Concept and Product:
  The SEA GATE-1 is basically a bidirectional pump attached with a float that pumps compressed air all the time day and night 24/7 365 days a year and converts the wave energy in the form of compressed air that is stored on dry land and with a turbine and generator produces electricity day in and day out without any interruption.
  This is a simple device that uses, not be limited to, wave energy to compress air in a bi-directional method which greatly reduces any wasted motion in this process.
  This low-cost compressed air station is designed but not limited to commercial use and due to the overall simplicity of the design can sustain function ability without interruptions. This compressed air station module is comprised of a number of parts, each simple but necessary.
  The low-cost compressed air station’s housing is attached to the body of water’s floor by anchors; this keeps the unit itself from moving. Inside this housing is a floating block which can be comprised any type of floating material, i.e., wood, cork, plastic, fiber, but not limited to the previously mentioned material. The float runs off of guide wheels which are free moving with the motion of the waves either directly or indirectly, upon movement of the float the attached piston rod moves the piston up and down. The float guide wheels can be substituted with holes in the float, if so desired to cut the costs by passing guide rods through it giving the float a free gliding motion with the waves.
  The piston is housed in an upper cylinder or the lower chamber which has incorporated two compressed outlets with one way valves, one is at the upper edge of this chamber and the second is located at the lower edge.
  This simple design works as follows; as the current or wave rises and/or falls, the float moves, this movement causes the piston to move in an up and down motion, and because there is constant pressure in the reciprocating chamber air is continuously moving through either the upper or lower one way valve.
  Unlike other prior art, this low-cost compressed air station does not use water as the only working medium, this product uses air as a working medium as well which is compressible by using the up and down as well as unidirectional column pressure to extract the maximum wave energy force in the simplest way possible.
  Feasibility
  Today’s Situation
  The oil prices will continue to rise due to wars, natural disasters, politics, greed & depleting oil reserves.
  Auto industry is considering options towards hydrogen economy or electric hybrids in the US whereas Europe is considering adapting compressed air as a substitute as well.
  Electricity is expensive and we can make it many hundred times more economical.
  Choices to-date.
  Coal produces greenhouse gases; nuclear energy is expensive and endangers lives by radiation leaks as in the past.
  Solar energy is limited by day light and weather conditions.
  Hydropower is based on weather and water reserves which are limited and again based on weather.
  Limitations on Energy Sources
  Oil has limited reserves and cannot sustain for more than half a century. Year(2050)
  Hydrogen fuel is not cost effective with current technology and hybrids need gas or electricity.
  Sea waves are 24/7 and unlimited. 2/3rd of the earth surface is ocean however my device is primarily focused only in coastal areas.
  The present day analogy is like the early days of windows and apple computers. Only that company will prevail in global energy market who can establish a transitional infrastructure followed by a permanent one, based on pure economic viability to set the hallmark for future global energy.
  Energy Industry is in disarray
  All major players in oil industry are investing in solar and wind farms and looking for options.
  Every energy source has its own plus and minus characteristics.
  Wind power is 24/7 but unpredictable in most parts of the globe. Most areas are not suitable enough for commercial energy production being located in the normal wind range of 2 to 4 class winds.
  Do we really have free energy?
  Yes, Wind is free energy but a weak driver, unpredictable and its feasibility is limited to certain areas only.
  Solar energy is free energy but during the day hours only.
  Sea waves and tidal currents are free energy source, unlimited, reliable 24/7, though limited to costal areas but due to its enormous length, it is a viable and dependable energy source to fulfill our needs in the foreseeable future.
  Water currents are more than 800 Times stronger than wind power, meaning that the power generated by 800 windmills of the same size equals the power of a single Air station. We can do the math.
  According to the US Department of Energy, the total power of waves breaking on the world's coastlines is estimated at 2 to 3 million megawatts. In favorable locations, wave energy density can average 65 megawatts per mile of coastline.

The driver of my invention is the same free power of the ocean waves that is unlimited and available 24/7
  My device is fully automatic and needs no manual calibration.
  UNCONVENTIONAL POWER SOURCE
  Wave Energy Devices:
  Two Basic Families
  WAVE POWER SYSTEMS
  OSCILLATING WATER COLUMNS (OWC)
  Tidal Energy Devices:
  Four Basic Families
  AXIAL-FLOW TURBINES
  CROSS-AXIS TURBINES
  LIFT OR FLUTTER VANES
  HYDRAULIC TAPPED DUCTED SYSTEMS
  Has anyone tried this method before?
  Currently only few companies have established power plants by using wave energy by using the raising water column in a closed chamber creating air pressure to run turbines.
  The disadvantage in their system is that wave action has a variable frequency and these fluctuations cause serious hindrance in a continuous operation at a uniform speed and pace. Whereas in my invention more fluctuation translates into more energy production.
  Secondly in their closed loop system the bouncing energy cancels out a large amount of incoming wave energy thus reducing its efficiency whereas in my device, both incoming or retreating wave add up the productivity.
  CURRENT WAVE ENERGY CONVERTION DEVICES
  UNIT                  COMPANY                                 LOCATION
  Pelamis              Ocean Power Delivery, LTD       Edinburgh, Scottland
  OWC                   Energetech                                Australia, Connecticut
  Wave Dragon      Wave Dragon                            Denmark
  Wave Swing        Teamworks                               Netherlands
  Aqua Buoy          Aqua Energy                             Washington, USA
  Sea Dog              Indp. Natural Resource Inc.      Minnesota, USA
  MRC 1000           Orecon                                     UK
  Wave Bob                                                            UK
  Floating Buoy      Ocean Power Technologies     New Jersey, USA
  SEA GATE-1        Wave Power Plant Inc.             Nevada, USA
  WAVE ENERGY ASSESSMENT FOR USA
  Available U.S. Wave Energy Resource Base:
  2,300 Terra watt per hour/year
  At 24% of available base at 50 % conversion efficiency =
  All conventional U.S. Hydropower = 270 TWh/yr
  Major Differences from Prior Art in Wave energy Category
  Prior art of harnessing sea wave energy has been focused to use the same volume of air that originally was trapped in their respective devices, resulting in major reduction of force in its working medium due to the same volume dividing the pressure based on the size of the exit hole.
  Like 20 Ton force may generate less than 25 psi based at the exit size where the turbine is set to work.
  In my invention the same 20 tone force generated by the float is transmitted and applied to the piston which has a small area as compared to the float area, resulting in tremendous buildup pressure against the trapped air which transforms into useful energy and when accumulated with multiple bi-directional pumps using both wave curve energy (bouncy as well as kinetic energy) by earth gravity makes my invention a very low cost clean and viable option for commercial energy production.
  That the preferred embodiment embraces a new technology to absorb sea wave energy which is for more efficient than the prior art.
  New Technology features
  Full Wave Curve Extraction (FWCE) Technology
  We have the simplest, most economical and reliable technology to establish compressed air stations, like gas stations today.
  Air is compressed by using bi-directional pumping action in each wave curve, simply powered by sea waves & gravity as its sole driver.
  The only costs involved are construction & Maintenance. The energy is a never ending supply 24/7.
  The air is collected in the holding cylinders and compressed further by its own force with air powered boosters into transportable units for various applications or can be used to generate very low cost electricity preferably at site.
  Power output by single pump
  Example scenario:
  A basic C. Air Station will have 25 double stroke units and 5 wave side blocker pumps.
  One cubic feet water = 64 Lbs @ sea level.
  15’x10’ float with a depth of 5’= 750 cubic feet.
  750’x64 Lbs= 48000 Lbs / 2000 Lbs= 24 Ton Less weight of float = Bouncy or thrust force to the piston
  We can set the air compression based on the size of the piston as required. Smaller the piston area, greater will be the compression.
  Byproducts and Extras
  The waste heat produced by compression in the pressure vassals can be used in a variety of ways to incorporate hybrid system with Thermo-electric generators /or sterling engines and with both these methods sea water desalination is also an available option by rapid spray technology with an efficiency of 95% and no need for RO filters anymore.
  Basic Power House Module
  There will be multiple units in arrays along with the coastline to absorb the incoming wave energy and an end unit designed to absorb the incoming pressure energy of the striking wave.
  There will be multiple such rows in different modules and variety of formations for application specific modules to achieve the desired energy production.
  The preferred embodiment will utilize much less area of the coastline to run these energy production modules as compared to the current technology of energy production methods.
  Total power output by the basic Module
  Under given Scenario:
  Every unit will add up a double stroke of 21 TON per stroke and since we have 25 double stroke and five single stroke pumps, meaning that we have a total of 55 strokes per wave power or
  1155 tone collective force by a single wave from about 100 feet coastline area.
  If we have more modules we can add them up for a giant powerhouse with a never ending supply of energy from the coastline of our oceans or busy traffic water ways.
  Energy Source Comparison (Estimate)
  Fuel Source Cost/kWh                                  Market Share
  Coal                      4.0¢                                             50%
  Nuclear               15.0¢                                             20%
  Natural Gas          3.5¢                                              10%
  Petroleum             5.0¢                                               3%
  Hydroelectric        4.5¢ (1)                                        12%
  Wind                     4.5¢ (2)                                     0.25%
  Solar                     10¢                                            0.5%±
  Diesel            7¢ - 40¢ (3)                                       0.5%±
  Biomass                 8¢                                             0.5%±
  Wave power plant  1¢-1.5¢                                    0.01%±
  (1) 2¢ at good hydroelectric sites
  (2) in 15 mph average wind speed conditions
  (3) depending on size and location of facility, with smaller more remote locations having higher costs.
  Market Analysis
  The United States electric power industry is valued at $215 billion and growing. The Company's primary targeted market is California, the first state to deregulate and open up the electric industry to competition. This market is currently worth $22 billion with annual growth at 2% or $440 million. Wave power plant Inc.' initial sea wave module will produce less than 0.5% of California's annual power needs.
  Within the next 15 years, costal wave modules could generate $900 billion worldwide. The sites we have chosen are proven to provide sufficient wave power to enable wave power plant inc. to produce electricity, at a cost lower than any other fuel source and sell it profitably on the California Power Exchange.
  Sales Strategy & California Base
  California Assembly Bill No. 1890 mandates that the Independent System Operator must, by law, take renewable power for delivery to our customer, with our customer defined as either the California Power Exchange buying at auction or an identified buyer of Green Power. Opportunities may also exist to sell to an energy service provider at a price greater than the 3¢ per kWh used in the Projections. Extensive sales efforts will not be required
  DESCRIPTION OF THE ART:
  Wave power plant Inc has developed a new technology to extract ocean wave energy using buoyancy of waves and its kinetic energy both in the same wave curve resulting into a very low cost wave energy extraction system. The target production cost is set for .01 cent per Kwh which is realistically achievable with this technology. According to our estimate ¼ acre of sea shore can generate 1 megawatt electric power or one acre production equals 4 megawatt output at a friction of the cost that we are producing now with conventional technologies.
  PICTURE PORTFOLIO
  Photographs of the prototype pump section









  Financials and Profitability
  I am spending my own money so for and have not accepted a single red cent just because I am not satisfied if I use public funding or any grant from any university, my Patent application may not be treated as a public domain just because public funds have been used. I am not sure and have not received any satisfactory answer to this question so for. In the past four years I have spent roughly 200k on this project in R &D and now finally I have my 30 feet high prototype ready for actual sea trial.
  I need about 200 k more to upgrade SEA GATE-1 to initiate SEA GATE-1A Pier based series for venturing or licensing, based on the experience that I gained during these years.
  A detailed business plan will follow with the help of experts. I need some experts’ opinion and I have not yet decided on some important policy matters. My financial target is very clear to come up with a 1 cent per KWh production cost and even less that is possible and doable. I also intend to have an independent study of numbers that my team will bring forward to establish authenticity without question. I am open to suggestions.
  Team
  The inventor & Patent holder Ghazi Khan, who has been involved in research in eco sustainable technologies from the last 20 years and has environmental as well as legal background has gathered a great team from German and American engineers who are working on this project. Reinhold Ziegler is a prominent engineer in cage design and Mr. Philip Langton and associates has developed the pump section.
  Environment Friendly
  The technology is totally pollution free and environment friendly to all kinds of marine life as there are no moving parts below sea level and is noise free as well.
  The technology is fully automatic and needs no calibration at all. US and International Patents have been filed for this invention.
  Permits
  I have received open permit to test the prototype from US Army core of engineers as well as from the Bureau of Land Management to use their coastal land and deployment is few months away.


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