科技论坛

 找回密码
 注册
查看: 1865|回复: 15

[技术] 太阳能烹饪食物-太阳能灶

[复制链接]
发表于 2015-1-3 19:10:07 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
这个教程将让你完成,建立太阳跟踪平台后然后做一些食物

太阳能灶

太阳能灶


 楼主| 发表于 2015-1-3 19:13:16 | 显示全部楼层
Once you’ve built your own Solar Tracking Platform, this tutorial will help you get started cooking some delicious sun-powered meals.
Keep in mind there are some differences between North and South:
Northern Hemisphere: the cooker faces south and the platform turns clockwise, tracking the sun east to west.
Southern Hemisphere: the cooker faces north and the platform turns counterclockwise, also tracking east to west.
By sundown, you have a delicious slow-cooked meal!

Tools
Print Project
Steps
Project Steps View All
1. Make the turntable and base.
2. Clamp the 2" round head...
3. Make a photocopy of your...
4. Install the motor.
5. Make the boom.
6. Thread the coupling nut and...
7. Add the PV cell.
8. Add the shade.
9. Assemble the platform.
10. Clamp the boom along this...
11. Test and adjust.
12. Seasonal cuisine.
13. Azimuthal tracking.
14. Other applications.
Step #1: Make the turntable and base.PrevNext

太阳能灶

太阳能灶

太阳能灶

太阳能灶

太阳能灶

太阳能灶

NOTE: This project is sized for my HotPot Simple Solar Cooker, with a footprint 11" square and a reflector array that fans out 31"×26" deep and 14" high. You can modify the platform to fit other cookers, provided that the photocell, motor and wheels work together.
Cut the fiberboard into two 16" squares, mark their centers, and then scribe a circle with a 7½" radius on each. Use a band saw or saber saw to cut just outside the circles, and sand them down to smooth 15" circles.
Drill and countersink a ¼" hole in the center of one disk; this disk will be the turntable. Drill a 17/64" hole centered in the other disk, the base.
Brush a polyurethane sealer over each disk, let dry, and add a second coat. Repeat on the other sides and around the edges.
Mark 4 quadrants on the base disk, drill pilot holes for the screws used to mount the feet, and install the feet. File down the tips of any screws that pierce the top surface of the base disk.
Gently sand the top surface of the base disk and apply a third coat of polyurethane.
Remove the axle from one of the wheels and bend both of its mounting flanges outward so that their tips are 1-13/32" apart. This will be the drive wheel.

 楼主| 发表于 2015-1-3 19:15:55 | 显示全部楼层
Step #2revNext

太阳能灶

太阳能灶


太阳能灶

太阳能灶

太阳能灶

太阳能灶

Clamp the 2" round head screw in a vise, and file 2"-long flats on opposite sides of its tip.
Reassemble the drive wheel with the filed screw as its new axle and with the 2 jam nuts locking the wheel to the screw. Check that the wheel and axle turn freely.
Draw three 120° sectors on the underside of the turntable disk and use a wheel assembly to mark mounting holes for each wheel, spacing them equidistant around the perimeter. Center-punch and drill holes for the 12 mounting screws using a #21 bit.
At the drive wheel’s location, drill a fifth, 5/32" hole centered between the 4 mounting holes. On the top of the turntable, draw a diameter line that passes through this 5/32" hole. Countersink the 12 mounting holes, but not the 5/32" hole.
Install the 3 wheels on the underside of the turntable, locating the modified drive wheel over the 5/32" hole.


 楼主| 发表于 2015-1-3 19:16:49 | 显示全部楼层
Step #3revNext

太阳能灶

太阳能灶


太阳能灶

太阳能灶

Make a photocopy of your protractor. Draw a line on the copy from the 90° mark down through the origin. If it has an inner set of numbers, white them out with correction fluid. Make a copy of the modified copy, and cut it into a neat wedge that includes the origin and the range of degrees from 60 to 120.
Paint the back of the protractor cut-out with polyurethane, then stick it to the topside of the turntable, with the origin centered over the 5/32" hole and the 90° mark lined up with the diameter line from the steps in the 4th bullet point in Part II - Make the turntable and base. Apply more polyurethane over the paper as a sealer.
When the polyurethane is dry, run the 5/32" drill bit through the protractor image’s origin point, so the 5/32" brass tube can be mounted in this hole when needed.


 楼主| 发表于 2015-1-3 19:18:16 | 显示全部楼层
Step #4: Install the motor.PrevNext

太阳能灶

太阳能灶


太阳能灶

太阳能灶

太阳能灶

太阳能灶

Cut ¾" lengths of both the ¼" aluminum and the 5/32" brass tubing, to make 2 cylindrical shims. Clamp the aluminum shim in a vise and enlarge its inner diameter by drilling with a #21 bit. Check that the 2 shims nest together and will slip over the motor shaft and fit into the bronze bearing. Alternately, instead of the bronze bearing use a ¼” OD carriage bolt with a smooth shank 2.1” long. Cut off each end (head and threads). Drill (preferably with a drill press) a 5/32” hole the length of the shank. Drill a #21 hole half-way through
File a 1/8"-wide flat on one side of the bronze bearing, then center-punch marks on that flat, ¼" in from each end. Use a #21 bit to drill through the bearing at each mark, then use a #10-32 tap and handle to thread each hole for the setscrews.
Slip the bearing over the drive wheel’s axle, install 2 of the setscrews at the wheel end of the bearing, and make sure the wheel turns freely. Slip the nested shims over the motor’s drive shaft, then slip the shims and drive shaft into the other end of the bearing. Make a mark through one of the remaining setscrew holes with a fine-tipped marker, then use the narrow edge of a file to file slots through the shims that will permit the third setscrew to reach the flat on the motor’s drive shaft..
WARNING: Never apply torque to the motor’s shaft; you may strip its gears!
Use the #4-40 screw, nut, and washer to attach one mounting flange of the motor to the 1"×1"×½" corner brace. Fit together the drive wheel, coupling and motor shaft, keeping the motor’s flanges as horizontal as possible and the corner brace flush against the underside of the turntable. Mark and drill a #21 hole for the screw to anchor the corner brace; it will be off to one side from the drive coupling. Countersink the hole on the topside of the turntable and install a ½" flathead screw with a nut underneath to anchor the motor. Install the third setscrew to fix the bearing to the drive shaft.
With the turntable still inverted, lay the base disk on the wheels and check whether the motor’s unused mounting flange sticks up to touch the base disk. If so, file it down to open up some clearance.


 楼主| 发表于 2015-1-3 19:19:06 | 显示全部楼层
Step #5: Make the boom.PrevNext

太阳能灶

太阳能灶


太阳能灶

太阳能灶

Cut a 14½" length of the aluminum angle and drill a ¼" hole 2¾" in from the right end, centered in the bottom leg of the “L.”
NOTE : These instructions are written for use in the Northern Hemisphere. If you’ll use your solar tracker in the Southern Hemisphere, you’ll need to translate the holes and cuts in this step to the opposite sides of the boom, so that the boom will extend from the left side of the turntable instead of the right. In either hemisphere, the boom extends to the west. You’ll also need to orient the PV cell so that it faces north instead of south, and reverse the motor wiring so that the turntable rotates counterclockwise.
Cut the 1½"-long ¼-20 round head screw down to 17" and mount it tightly in the coupling nut.
Select one of the 3½" screws as a “sacrificial” screw. Mount a 7/32"-thick ¼-20 nut near its end, clamp the nut in a vise, and cut off one face of the nut right up to the threads on the screw.
 楼主| 发表于 2015-1-3 19:20:10 | 显示全部楼层
Step #6revNext
e2ClhpAxHWqQeqP1.jpg

太阳能灶

太阳能灶

太阳能灶

太阳能灶

Thread the coupling nut and screw through the back of the hole in the aluminum angle and screw your modified nut down onto the inside face, making sure this nut’s cut-off side is facing the right end of the boom.
Mix some metal epoxy and apply it generously between the nut and the inside of the boom, gluing the nut down so that its cut side faces the right end of the boom. After the epoxy cures, use a Dremel tool to grind the nut down flush with the edges of the angle, so the boom can be stored flat against the turntable.
Again at the right end of the aluminum angle, cut out a 3/8"-wide notch, 1 1/8" to 1 1/2" in from the end and on the opposite leg of the angle from the epoxied nut. On the left end of the notched leg, make a 3/8"-deep cut and bend the resulting tab outward. The wide notch will accommodate the PV cell’s wires, and the tab will prevent the boom from being pulled out too far.
 楼主| 发表于 2015-1-3 19:21:03 | 显示全部楼层
Step #7: Add the PV cell.PrevNext

太阳能灶

太阳能灶


太阳能灶

太阳能灶

Apply a dab of silicone caulking where the wires exit the photovoltaic cell, for strain relief.
Solder a 20" length of red wire between the PV cell’s red lead and the motor’s negative terminal lead. Solder a 20" length of black wire from the cell’s black lead to the motor’s positive lead (which is also black). Twist the stripped wire ends together without soldering them, and wrap the connections with electrical tape, but don’t consider them final; you may have to swap the motor connections later.
 楼主| 发表于 2015-1-3 19:22:06 | 显示全部楼层
Step #8: Add the shade.PrevNext

太阳能灶

太阳能灶


太阳能灶

太阳能灶

For the shade, cut a 3¾"×8¾" rectangle from the aluminum sheet and file the edges smooth.
Cut and drill the shade following the diagram shown here. (Download the template under Files above.) Drill the ¼" hole and cut a saw-blade’s-width notch as shown, then bend the crosshatched portion back 45° (bend it the opposite direction for Southern Hemisphere use). This notch should fit over one edge of the boom to help anchor the shade.
Test-assemble the boom, cell, and shade. Velcro the PV cell to the end of the boom, then fasten the coupling screw and nut to the boom through the mounting hole in the shade. The shade should sit tilted over the PV cell, and the cell’s wires should thread through the slot in the boom.
 楼主| 发表于 2015-1-3 19:23:41 | 显示全部楼层
Step #9: Assemble the platform.PrevNext

太阳能灶

太阳能灶


太阳能灶

太阳能灶

Poke the non-sacrificial 3½" flathead screw through the hole in the topside of the turntable disk, invert the disk, and then tighten down a fender washer and two ¼" nuts against the underside. This will be the turntable’s central axle.
Thread on 2 more nuts, another fender washer, the nylon washer, and the last fender washer. Slip the base disk over the axle with its feet facing up. Adjust and lock together the two ¼" nuts so that, in this inverted configuration, the base disk sits just above the upper washer.
With the turntable still inverted, install the ¼-20 stop nut, and make sure the disks can rotate freely. Measure how much of the 3½" axle protrudes above the stop nut. Disassemble the turntable, cut off this protrusion, and file the end smooth.
Bend the three ¾"×¾"×½" corner braces open to an angle of 135°.
Reinstall the central axle, the first washer, and two ¼" nuts on the turntable disk.
Partially screw the coupling nut and screw back into the underside of the epoxied nut. (This is its storage location.)
Draw a line across the disk between the motor and the fender washer, about ¼" from the washer and parallel to the 2 free-turning wheels.


您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册

本版积分规则

辽公网安备 21100402204006号|科技论坛 ( 辽ICP备07501385号-1   

GMT+8, 2017-11-18 16:21

Powered by Discuz! X3.2 Licensed

© 2001-2013 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表