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[技术] 汽车遮阳灶改太阳能炉灶

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发表于 2014-6-6 04:12:05 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
汽车遮阳灶改太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

你可能已经在汽车挡风玻璃上看到这些遮阳篷,但它们也可以被用来做太阳能烹饪。下面我用一些报废的东西制作。温度可达200F(93C),用时大约30分钟,在多云的天气条件下。
你可以看到下面的锅,烤箱内袋以及一个温度计的特写。

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶


太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶


 楼主| 发表于 2014-6-6 04:13:15 | 显示全部楼层
Make sure the oven bag is touching the pot as little as possible. I don't inflate it since blowing into it would introduce humidity. It self-inflates when I put it on as long as I don't pull the bag tight around the pot before sealing it with a twist-tie. A bag that looks way too large for the pot is perfect. Some put a wire cage inside the bag to keep it expanded.
Oven bags can be found in many places where you buy groceries, including places like Walmart. I found mine where you find aluminium foil, plastic food wrap, baggies, ... Reynolds is another manufacturer. Look for "oven bags".

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

If you look closely at the photo below you can see the steam coming off the finished beans.

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

 楼主| 发表于 2014-6-6 04:13:53 | 显示全部楼层
How the car sunshade solar cooker was made
The easiest way to make one of these is to fold up the ends and simply connect them together as shown below. In my case I'm connecting them using a binder clip, a type of clip normally used for holding papers together. A bobby pin, clothes pin, tape, velcro pieces sewn on, or pretty much anything will do.
1. Fold the two ends.

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

2. Bring them together.

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

 楼主| 发表于 2014-6-6 04:14:28 | 显示全部楼层
3. Attach them together.

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

4. The finished result.

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

To hold it open a specific amount the thing most often done is to put some kind of rigid pole across the opening and attach it at the two ends. In this case I'm using a piece of wire from a metal clothes hanger and holding it in place using two clips. Use your imagination.
 楼主| 发表于 2014-6-6 04:15:01 | 显示全部楼层

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

I got much fancier (along with getting better results) and used two pieces of metal clothes hangers, bent to the shape I needed and then held on with more clips (see photo below.) This allowed me much better control of the overall shape of the sunshade, including the insides, not just at the edges.

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

When in use, you point the solar cooker at the sun. If it's early in the morning or late in the day then the sun is low in the sky. In that case you can just sit it flat. For when the sun is higher you can sit it on a board propped up by some blocks or you can just on sit it in a can, garbage pail or bucket.
 楼主| 发表于 2014-6-6 04:16:03 | 显示全部楼层

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

Optimizing the shape of the sunshade solar cooker
My first time using this type of solar cooker didn't work well and I got to only 170F (75C). That's because I optimized it by opening it as widely as I could. With the wide opening the angles inside the reflector didn't guide the sun to the pot much. That's the one on the left below. I've seen other car sunshade solar cookers that were larger and had smoother, better reflecting surfaces and so would have created more heat with this same shape. So just because mine didn't, that doesn't mean yours wouldn't.
To direct more sun to the pot at one time I used the two clothes hanger wires with many clips as I already mentioned above and easily got up to 200F (93C), shown below on the right.
 楼主| 发表于 2014-6-6 04:16:36 | 显示全部楼层

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

The basic idea is that when it's pointed at the sun, the sun's rays come at it everywhere parallel to each other. So to optimize it, look at it from the sun's point of view. Face your solar cooker and hold your eyes and head angle stiff while you move around looking straight ahead.
 楼主| 发表于 2014-6-6 04:17:14 | 显示全部楼层

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

Ideally the sun would see the cooking pot everywhere in the reflector. Since the pot is black, the sun should see black everywhere.
Below is another trick for doing this. It uses your distance from the cooker to make your sightlines of the different parts of the reflector more parallel to each other.
 楼主| 发表于 2014-6-6 04:17:56 | 显示全部楼层
Distant viewing approximation trick

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

Here are some of the views I saw when looking straight at the reflector at different locations.

太阳能炉灶

太阳能炉灶

Doing the above is what got me to 200F (93C) in around 10 minutes and kept is there for around 30 minutes of partial cloud.
 楼主| 发表于 2014-6-6 04:18:06 | 显示全部楼层
Opening it wide for less heat and for doing less adjustments
As stated above, when I opened mine up wide it didn't reflect as much sun to the pot as after I optimized it using the clothes hanger wire and clips. In my case I had to do this because my particular sunshade just didn't create enough heat when opened wide.
But if your sunshade does create enough heat when open wide then you have a choice. You can either open wide and get enough heat or optimize further and get more heat. But the other trade-off is that with it open wide you won't have to adjust it to face the sun as often as with it highly optimized for higher heat.
Basically if it's open wide then less of the reflecting surface reflects sunlight to the pot at any time. But as the sun moves, the surfaces that weren't reflecting will now reflect and the surfaces that were reflecting no longer will. But at least some surfaces will, and so you'll still have some heating.
On the other hand, if it's highly optimized then either most of the surface will be reflecting sunlight to the pot, or, when the sun moves, very little will be reflecting to the pot. So you have to frequently turn the cooker to follow the sun to keep up that larger reflecting surface and high heat.
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