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[技术] 易拉罐制作的太阳能热风

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发表于 2014-2-26 14:46:36 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
易拉罐制作的太阳能热风

太阳能热风

太阳能热风

Soda Can Solar Space heater
This is a basic "how to" on creating your own soda can space heater. Several videos can be found on the net, but none of them really provide a step by step guide. I put this entire unit together with about 10 total hours of actual labor. If you have a source of cans, lumber, and a old double paned window (preferably), you can assembly one of these yourself.
Required Materials
? 1 window, 46.5 " L x 23 " W (recycled/freecycle, double paned)
           o The selection of the window will dictate the number of cans required for the array.
? For this size window, the number of soda/beer cans required is 72.
? 4 x (1 x 6) boards (not pine or poplar).
? Board Insulation
? Great stuff foam insulation
? 2 x 2.5 inch vents (bottom intake vents)
? 1 x 3 inch vent (top)
? 3 x 4" squares of screen material
? Metal Duct Tape (for can assembly and final sealing)
? 1/4" plyboard (for the back of the box) in this case the measurement is 2'x4'
? Black spray enamel (about 2 cans is sufficient for a 72 can array and painting the box. )
? 3 v computer fan.
? 3 v solar cell (s).
? screws
? brad nails
Required Tools
? Screw Gun
? Tin Snips
? Brad Nail Gun
? 2 and 5/8 inch hole bore drill bit.
? Hand saw or Circular saw
? Jig Saw
? Clamps     
? Square
? Tape measure
? Pencil  
 楼主| 发表于 2014-2-26 14:48:07 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 green 于 2014-2-26 14:49 编辑

Step 1: Cans and Manifold

太阳能热风

太阳能热风


太阳能热风

太阳能热风

Step 1
Consume beverages. Yes, you have to drink all the beers/sodas to make this heater, though alternatively, you could collect them. Whatever the method, it is important that the cans are in fairly good condition, free from dents, cracks, or tears.
After you’ve collected the requisite amount of cans, you should sand the surfaces of the cans, both to remove the paint with sandpaper and to roughen the surface so as to make the paint adhere more easily to the can.
The cans are needed to assemble the metal heating tubes. The cans will be assembled end to end, so punch a hole into the bottom. Use the punched hole to make a series of cuts with the tin snips to create a  baffle between each can.  Also, cut or break the pop tops off the cans to make stacking better.
 楼主| 发表于 2014-2-26 14:48:58 | 显示全部楼层
Step 2
Once the cans are sanded, the array must be planned. Place cans side by side along the bottom board, leaving a small space between each can. Draw the outline of the cans on the bottom board to make the first manifold. Provide enough space from each edge to make sure the board will not break when drilling the can-sized holes. Use the 2 5/8 inch hole drill bit. Use metal tape to shore up the borders between the can holes as the drill will likely create thin walls between each can hole.
While you are drilling, you can drill the holes for the vents. The top of the box will house the single 3" vent. The 2 smaller vents go in the bottom of the box. You can set a square of screen material over the holes before you press the vents in, which will help to keep insects out of the heater when it is finished.
Can Towers and Box Construction

太阳能热风

太阳能热风


太阳能热风

太阳能热风

 楼主| 发表于 2014-2-26 14:50:22 | 显示全部楼层
Step 3.
Once the bottom manifold is correct, use it as a template for the top manifold and create the box necessary to hold the window. Be sure to match the pattern left to right so that the can tubes line up and run straight within the window box.
Using the 1 x 6 boards, create the frame from the box for the window. Measure the boards to ensure that the window will fit snuggly within the frame. Once framed, screw the plyboard to the back of the box. Spraypaint the interior of the box with the black enamel paint, and cut in the insulation board necessary to fit the box. Be sure to leave enough space at the top of the box to create an air chamber into which the manifold will vent. The cans can now be assembled into tubes.
Step 4.
Each can tube should be the same number in height. For this window example, each of the eight can tubes will be 9 cans in height. Use the metal duct tape to assemble the cans into 9 can tube towers. Paint the can assemblies with black enamel paint. Make sure that the cans do not go all the way to the top or the bottom, a small chamber should exist on the top and bottom of the manifold to collect and exhaust the air.
Step 3: Final Assembly and Testing

太阳能热风

太阳能热风


太阳能热风

太阳能热风


太阳能热风

太阳能热风

 楼主| 发表于 2014-2-26 14:50:41 | 显示全部楼层
Step 5
With the can tubes put together, you can now progress to final assembly. Carefully fit the painted, taped can tubes through the bottom manifold into the top manifold. Special caution should be taken in this step as rough handling will break the tape seals in the can tubes. Final assembly should have both the top and bottom boards holes drilled and vents installed.
Ensure to test the assembly for effective heating before finishing the insulation and sealing the system.
Step 4: Sealing, Insulation, and Clamping

太阳能热风

太阳能热风


太阳能热风

太阳能热风

 楼主| 发表于 2014-2-26 14:51:10 | 显示全部楼层
Step 6
After testing the final assembly, you can now finish the box.
Install the top vent and bottom vents into the pre-drilled holes.
Seal the insulation and cracks with the Great Stuff foam insulation. Be sparing with this insulation as over application will cause too much expansion and could damage your cans. Put beads of the great stuff foam insulation on the face of the boards, to act as a glue for the window.  Then use two sets of clamps to set the window into place. Using the metal duct tape, seal the window into place, and seal any cracks or edges around the outside of the box.
Step 5: Solar Powered Fan

太阳能热风

太阳能热风


太阳能热风

太阳能热风

Step 7
Create a solar vent fan that will assist in drawing hot air out of the solar heating assembly. Cut the computer board fitting from the computer fan, and splice with the solar cell (like wire colors). Use black electrical tape to finish the splicing. Place the solar fan just above the top vent, with some spacers that will allow the fan to spin freely.
Ensure to affix the solar cell to the front of the unit so that when the sun hits it the fan will engage.
The more direct sunlight the unit gets, the more efficiently it will operate, and the more free heat you can pump into your space be it your home, your green house or your man-cave.
发表于 2014-3-27 18:37:42 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 胆艺俊杰 于 2014-3-27 18:39 编辑

苏打罐太阳能热水器的空间
这是一个基本的“如何”上创建自己的饮料罐的空间加热器。几部影片可以在网上找到,但他们没有真正提供了一步一步的指导。我把这个整个装置连同总共约10个小时的实际劳动。如果你有罐的来源,木材和旧双窗格的窗口(最好),你可以将这些装配一个自己。
所需材料
1窗口中,46.5“长x23”W(回收/免费回收,双窗格)
O该窗口的选择将决定所需的阵列罐的数量。
?对于这种尺寸的窗口,所需的苏打/啤酒罐的数目是72。
? 4×(1×6)板(未松树或杨树)。
?保温板
?伟大的东西泡沫保温
? 2×2.5英寸通风口(底部进风口)
? 1×3英寸的排气口(上)
? 3×4“材质屏幕的平方
?金属管道胶带(用于CAN组装和最终密封)
? 1/4“plyboard(用于盒子的背面)在这种情况下,测量是2'x4'
?黑色喷釉(约2罐就足够了72罐阵列和绘画的箱子。)
? 3 V电脑风扇。
? 3 V族太阳能电池(S)。
?螺丝
?布拉德指甲
所需工具
?螺丝枪
?铁皮剪
?布拉德钉枪
? 2和5/8英寸的孔孔钻头。
?手锯或圆锯
?曲线锯
?夹钳
?方
?卷尺
?铅笔
发表于 2014-3-27 18:41:17 | 显示全部楼层
第1步
消费饮料。是的,你得喝所有的啤酒/苏打水,使这个加热器,虽然另外,你可以收集它们。无论什么方法,重要的是,该罐是在相当良好的状态,不受凹痕,裂缝,或眼泪。
之后你收集罐的所需量,则应该砂罐的表面,既可以去除油漆用砂纸及以使表面粗糙,从而使涂料更容易附着在罐。
需要罐组装金属加热管等。该罐将被组装端到端的,所以打一个洞进入底部。使用打孔作出一系列与铁皮剪切来创建每个罐之间的挡板。此外,切割或折断弹出上衣脱罐,使堆叠更好。
发表于 2014-3-27 18:42:53 | 显示全部楼层
第2步
一旦罐打磨,数组必须计划。这里的罐侧沿底板侧,而使各罐之间的小空间。借鉴底板罐的轮廓,使第一歧管。提供足够的空间,从每个边缘,以确保钻井罐大小的孔时,董事会不会打破。使用2 5/8英寸的孔钻头。用金属胶带,托罐孔之间的边界作为演习将有可能创造每一罐孔之间薄薄的墙壁。
当你正在钻探,您可以钻洞的通风口。盒子的顶部将容纳单3“放出的2个较小的通风口走在盒子的底部,你可以设置屏幕材质的方形过孔使用时按下,通风口,这将有助于保持昆虫之前当它完成时加热器。
可塔和箱结构
发表于 2014-7-31 22:01:46 | 显示全部楼层
沙发位出租,有意请私密我
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