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标题: 电解水 [打印本页]

作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 05:54
标题: 电解水
美国药典#4936961
Method for the Production of a Fuel Gas 方法气体燃料生产1
Stanley Meyer 赤柱迈耶
Related Application: This is a continuation-in-part of my co-pending application Ser.; No. 081,859, filed 8/5/87, now US Pat.相关应用:这是一个延续,在-丝氨酸的一部分,我的合作有待应用。;号081859,提出8/5/87,现在美国的帕特。 No. 4,826, 581.编号4826,581。
Field of Invention: This invention relates to a method of and apparatus for obtaining the release of a fuel gas mixture including hydrogen and oxygen from water.发明领域的:本发明涉及一种方法和水器具获得释放的气体燃料的氢气和氧气的混合物等。
BACKGROUND OF THE PRIOR ART 现有技术背景材料
Numerous processes have been proposed for separating a water molecule into its elemental hydrogen and oxygen components.许多程序已经提出了分离和氧组成部分水分子进入其元素氢。 Electrolysis is one such process.电解就是这样一个过程。 Other processes are described in the United States patents such as 4,344,831; 4,184,931; 4,023,545; 3,980, 053; and Patent Cooperation Treaty application No. PCT/US80/1362, Published 30 April, 1981.其他进程中描述了美国的专利,如4344831,4184931,4023545,3980,053;和专利合作条约申请号PCT/US80/1362出版1981年4月 30日。
OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION 物体的发明
It is an object of the invention to provide a fuel cell and a process in which molecules of water are broken down into hydrogen and oxygen gases, and other formerly dissolved within the water is produced.这是一个发明的对象,提供燃料电池和气体的过程中,其中水的氧分子分解成氢和,和其他的原水溶解内产生。 As used herein the term "fuel cell" refers to a single unit of the invention comprising a water capacitor cell, as hereinafter explained, that produces the fuel gas in accordance with the method of the invention.由于此处使用的术语“燃料电池”是指一个独立的单元电容器细胞水的发明包括1,下文解释说,产生了发明的燃料气体,方法根据。
Brief Description of the Drawings 简要说明图纸
FIG.国际体联。 1 illustrates a circuit useful in the process. 1说明了电路的工作非常有益。

FIG.国际体联。 2 shows a perspective of a "water capacitor" element used in the fuel cell circuit. 2显示了电路角度来看,一个“水电容的燃料电池”的元素中使用。

FIGS.无花果。 3A through 3F are illustrations depicting the theoretical bases for the phenomena encountered during operation of the invention herein. 3楼3A条通过的插图描绘的现象提供了理论依据操作过程中遇到的发明此处。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 05:55

Description of the Preferred Embodiment: 说明首选的体现:
In brief, the invention is a method of obtaining the release of a gas mixture including hydrogen on oxygen and other dissolved gases formerly entrapped in water, from water consisting of:简言之,该发明是一水的方法获得了释放其他气体的混合物,包括对氧和氢溶解气体陷害以前,由水组成:
(A) providing a capacitor, in which the water is included as a dielectric liquid between capacitor plates, in a resonant charging choke circuit that includes an inductance in series with the capacitor; (一)提供一个电容器,其中包括水板之间的电容电介质液体电容,电感在谐振充电电路,其中包括一个电感串联;
(B) subjecting the capacitor to a pulsating, unipolar electric voltage field in which the polarity does not pass beyond an arbitrary ground, whereby the water molecules within the capacitor are subjected to a charge of the same polarity and the water molecules are distended by their subjection to electrical polar forces; (乙)遭受的电容一个脉动,单极电电压场中的极性不能武断地超出了通过,即在电容器中的水分子受到极性电荷相同,而水分子是由他们的扩张隶属电气极性力量;
(C) further subjecting in said capacitor to said pulsating electric field to achieve a pulse frequency such that the pulsating electric field induces a resonance within the water molecule; (三)进一步表示,在遭受电容说脉动电场实现脉冲频率等的脉动电场诱导水分子的共振内;
(D) continuing the application of the pulsating frequency to the capacitor cell after resonance occurs so that the energy level within the molecule is increased in cascading incremental steps in proportion to the number of pulses; (四)继续适用的脉动频率的电容细胞后发生共振,使分子内的脉冲能量水平在数量增加的级联渐进的步骤中的比例;
(E) maintaining the charge of said capacitor during the application of the pulsing field, whereby the co-valent electrical bonding of the hydrogen and oxygen atoms within said molecules is destabilized such that the force of the electrical field applied, as the force is effective within the molecule, exceeds the bonding force of the molecule, and hydrogen and oxygen atoms are liberated from the molecule as elemental gases; and (五)保持电容器的负责人说,在动荡中的应用脉冲场,即共同氧原子成键的价电氢和分子内是这样说的作用力该领域的电气,作为有效的力量在分子,超过了该分子的结合力,氢原子和氧元素的气体分子摆脱作为;及
(F) collecting said hydrogen and oxygen gases, and any other gases that were formerly dissolved within the water, and discharging the collected gases as a fuel gas mixture. (六)收集氢气和氧气气体说,和任何其他气体的水内曾被解散,燃料和混合气体排放所收集的气体为。
The process follows the sequence of steps shown in the following Table 1 in which water molecules are subjected to increasing electrical forces. In an ambient state, randomly oriented water molecules are aligned with respect to a molecule polar orientation.遵循这一进程受到序列的分子步骤如下表1中水增加电力的力量。在一个环境状态,随机型水分子的分子排列有关极地方向。
They are next, themselves polarized and "elongated" by the application of an electrical potential to the extent that covalent bonding of the water molecule is so weakened that the atoms dissociate and the molecule breaks down into hydrogen and oxygen elemental components.他们是未来,自己两极化“拉长潜力”的电器的适用的范围内,一个水分子共价键的削弱是如此的原子和分子离解分解成氢气和氧气元素的组成部分。
Engineering design parameters based on known theoretical principles of electrical circuits determine the incremental levels of electrical and wave energy input required to produce resonance in the system whereby the fuel gas comprised of a mixture of hydrogen, oxygen, and other gases such as air were formerly dissolved within the water, is produced.工程设计电路的电气参数的理论原则的基础上已知的确定氢,氧的增量水平电器及波浪能量输入所需的混合物产生共振,即在一个系统的燃料气体组成,和其他气体,如空气曾被解散内水,是生产。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 05:55
TABLE 1 表1
Process Steps:工艺步骤:
The sequence of the relative state of the water molecule and/or hydrogen/oxygen/other atoms:在与水分子序列的相对状态的/或氢/氧/其他原子:
A. (ambient state) random答:(环境状况)随机
B. Alignment of polar fields二对准极地领域
C. Polarization of molecule三极化分子
D. Molecular elongation四分子伸长
E. Atom liberation by breakdown of covalent bond解放五原子共价键破裂
F. Release of gases楼释放气体
In the process, the point of optimum gas release is reached at a circuit resonance.在这个过程中,释放点达到最佳的气体在一个电路共振。 Water in the fuel cell is subjected to a pulsating, polar electric field produced by the electrical circuit whereby the water molecules are distended by reason of their subjection to electrical polar forces of the capacitor plates.水在燃料电池是受到一个脉动,极地电场板制作的电路,使水分子通过扩张其原因是隶属的电力电容器极力量。
The polar pulsating frequency applied is such that the pulsating electric field induces a resonance in the molecule.极地脉动频率的应用是这样的脉动电场诱导分子共振的。 A cascade effect occurs and the overall energy level of specific water molecules is increased in cascading, incremental steps.一个连带效应出现,而具体的水分子的整体水平,增加能量的级联,逐步完成。
The hydrogen and oxygen atomic gases, and other gas components formerly entrapped as dissolved gases in water, are released when氢与氧原子的气体和其他气体成分溶于水作为原陷害气体,被释放时
the resonant energy exceeds the covalent bonding force of the water molecule.共振能量超过了水分子的共价键力。 A preferred construction material for the capacitor plates该电容器的首选建材板
is stainless steel  T-304 which is non-chemical reactive with water, hydrogen, or oxygen.是不锈钢的T - 304是不与水反应的化学氧,氢,或。
An electrically conductive material which is inert in the fluid environment is a desirable material of construction for the electrical field plates of the "water capacitor" employed in the circuit.一种导电材料,环境惰性液体中的电路是一个理想的材料建造“受雇在板电容器的电场水的”。
Once triggered, the gas output is controllable by the attenuation of operational parameters.一旦触发,可控的天然气产量是由参数衰减业务。 Thus, once the frequency of resonance is identified, by varying the applied pulse voltage to the water fuel cell assembly, gas output is varied.因此,一旦发现共振频率是组装,通过改变施加脉冲电压的水燃料电池,天然气产量是多种多样的。
By varying the  pulse shape and/or amplitude or pulse train sequence of the initial pulsing wave source, final gas output is varied. Attenuation of the voltage field frequency in the form of OFF and ON pulses likewise affects output.通过改变脉冲的形状和/或振幅或脉冲波来源列车序列的初始脉冲,最终天然气产量是多种多样的。衰减的形式关闭电压领域的脉冲频率和ON同样会影响产量。
The overall apparatus thus includes an electrical circuit in which a water capacitor having a known dielectric property is an element.因此,总的设备包括一个电路,其中一个水介质电容器有一个已知的属性是一个因素。 The fuel gases are obtained from the water by the disassociation of the water molecule. The water molecules are split into component atomic elements (hydrogen and oxygen gases) by a voltage stimulation process called the electrical polarization process which also releases dissolved gases entrapped in the water.燃料气体是从水分子的解离水面。水的水分子***成组件中还释放溶解气体原子分子包埋(氢气和氧气的气体)由电压刺激的过程中极化称为电。
From the outline of physical phenomena associated with the process described in Table 1, the theoretical basis of the invention considers the respective states of  molecules and gases and ions derived from liquid water. Before voltage stimulation, water molecules are randomly dispersed throughout water in a container.从大纲的基础上发明的理论,物理现象有关的表1介绍的方法,认为气体在各自国家的液态水分子和离子的产生和。前电压的刺激下,水分子是随机水分散在各地的集装箱。
When a unipolar voltage pulse train such as shown in FIGS.当一个单极电压脉冲序列,如在图所示。 3B through 3F is applied to positive and negative capacitor plates, an increasing voltage potential is induced in the molecules in a linear, step like charging effect. 3B的三楼是通过采用积极和消极的电容板,越来越引起电压的潜在影响是一样收费的线性分子在步骤1。
The electrical field of the particles within a volume of water including the electrical field plates increases from a low energy state to a high energy state successively is a step manner following each pulse-train as illustrated figuratively in the depictions of FIG.电场电场粒子的体积内一板的水,包括增加从低到高能量的能量状态,是一个渐进的方式先后以下每个脉冲列车国际体联形象地说明了在描写。 3A through 3F.通过3楼3A条。
The increasing voltage potential is always positive in direct relationship to negative ground potential during each pulse.日益增加的电压始终是积极的,直接关系到负极接地电位的每个脉冲。 The voltage polarity on the plates which create the voltage fields remains constant although the voltage charge increases.电压极性的电压领域的板块,其中创建的电压保持不变,尽管加费。 Positive and negative voltage "zones" are thus formed simultaneously in the electrical field of the capacitor plates.正,负电压“地带”,于是形成了板,同时在电容器的电场。
In the first stage of the process described in Table 1, because the water molecule naturally exhibits opposite electrical fields in a relatively polar configuration (the two hydrogen atoms are positively electrically charged relative to the negative electrically charged oxygen atom), the voltage pulse causes initially randomly oriented water molecules in the liquid state to spin and orient  themselves with reference to positive and negative poles of the voltage fields applied.在表1中描述的过程第一阶段的,因为水分子自然会导致相反的最初展品脉冲电场在一个相对极性的配置(即两个氢原子带正电荷的费用相对负电的氧原子),电压随机的液态型水分子旋转方向和领域,参照自己的电压极正面和负面的应用。
The positive electrically charged hydrogen atoms of said water molecule are attracted to a negative voltage field; while, at the same time, the negative electrically charged oxygen atoms of the same water molecule are attracted to a positive voltage field.充电后的电氢原子的积极表示水分子被吸引到一个负电压场,而在同一时间,同一负电的氧原子水分子收取的被吸引到一个正电压场。
Even a slight potential difference applied to inert, conductive plates of a containment chamber which forms a capacitor will initiate polar atomic orientation within the water molecule based on polarity differences.即使是轻微的电位差适用于惰性,极性差异导电板的遏制室构成一个电容将在分子基础上开展极地方向的水原子。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 05:55
When the potential difference applied causes the orientated water molecules to align themselves between the conductive plates, pulsing causes the voltage field intensity to be increased in accordance with FIG.当电位差会导致应用导向,以调整水分子之间的导电板本身,国际体联将导致电压脉冲电场强度与可按照增加英寸 3B. 3B的。 As further molecule alignment occurs, molecular movement is hindered.作为进一步的分子排列发生,分子运动受到阻碍。
Because the positively charged hydrogen atoms of said aligned molecules are attracted in a direction opposite to the negatively charged oxygen atoms, a polar charge alignment or distribution occurs within the molecules between said voltage zones, as shown in FIG.由于带正电的氢原子,分子的排列方向说吸引了对面的负电的氧原子,一个极电荷对齐或分布的分子之间发生在上述电压区,如图所示研究。 3B. 3B的。 And as the energy level of the atoms subjected to resonant pulsing increases, the stationary water molecules become elongated as shown in FIGS.而由于脉冲能量共振水平上升的原子受,固定水分子变得细长如无花果显示英寸 3C and 3D. 3C和三维。 Electrically charged nuclei and electrons are attracted toward opposite electrically charged equilibrium of the water molecule.带电原子核和电子是朝着相反的吸引带电分子的水平衡。
As the water molecule is further exposed to an increasing potential difference resulting from the step charging of the capacitor, the electrical force of attraction of the atoms within the molecule to the capacitor plates of the chamber also increase in strength.由于水分子是进一步暴露在越来越大的电位差造成的电容的一步充电时,电的分子内的原子力吸引向电容器板增加强度的分庭还。 As a result, the covalent bonding between which form the molecule is weakened --- and ultimately terminated. The negatively charged electron is attracted toward the positively charged hydrogen atoms, while at the same time, the negatively charged oxygen atoms repel electrons.作为一个结果,共价键构成的分子之间的减弱---并最终终止。带负电荷的电子被吸引向带正电的氢原子,而在同一时间,带负电的氧原子排斥电子。
In a more specific explanation of the "sub-atomic" action the occurs in the water fuel cell, it is known that natural water is a liquid which has a dielectric constant of  78.54 at 20 degrees C. and 1 atm pressure. [Handbook of Chemistry & Physics, 68th ed., CRC Press(Boca Raton, Florida (1987-88)), Section E-50.在水燃料电池更具体的解释是“亚原子的”行动发生在,它是已知天然水是液体,具有介电78.54常数在20摄氏度和1个大气压的压力。[手册化学与物理,第68版。,CRC出版社(博卡拉顿,佛罗里达州(1987-88)),E段- 50。 H20(water)]. H20(水)]。
When a volume of water is isolated and electrically conductive plates, that are chemically inert in water and are separated by a distance, are immersed in water, a capacitor is formed, having a capacitance determined by the surface area of the plates, the distance of their separation and the dielectric constant of water.当水量的是孤立和导电板,这是水和化学惰性的距离相隔1,是水浸入,形成一个电容器,具有一个电容板面积决定了,在距离他们的分离和水的介电常数。
When water molecules are exposed to voltage at a restricted current, water takes on an electrical charge.当水分子接触到一个受限制的电流电压,水呈现一个电荷。 By the laws of electrical attraction, molecules align according to positive and negative polarity fields of the molecule and the alignment field.由电动吸引的规律的,根据极性分子对齐领域的积极分子和消极和对齐字段。 The plates of the capacitor constitute such as alignment field when a voltage is applied.电容板块构成的领域,如对齐当施加电压。
When a charge is applied to a capacitor, the electrical charge of the capacitor equals the applied voltage charge; in a water capacitor, the dielectric property of water resists the flow of amps in the circuit, and the water molecule itself, because it has polarity fields formed by the relationship of hydrogen and oxygen in the covalent bond, and intrinsic dielectric property, becomes part of the electrical circuit, analogous to a "microcapacitor" within the capacitor defined by the plates.当收费适用于电容器,电容器的电荷等于外加电压充电;自来水电容,抗水的介电性能的电路流放大器中,水分子本身,因为它的极性共价键领域形成了由氢与氧的关系中,与内在介电性能,成为板部分电路,类似于一个“定义的microcapacitor电容器”内。
In the Example of a fuel cell circuit of FIG.在国际体联的一个燃料电池电路为例。 1, a water capacitor is included. 1,一水电容包括在内。 The step-up coil is formed on a conventional toroidal core formed of a compressed ferromagnetic powered material that will not itself become permanently magnetized, such as the trademarked "Ferramic 06# "Permag" powder as described in Siemens Ferrites Catalog, CG-2000-002-121, (Cleveland, Ohio) No. F626-1205".该升压线圈是形成一个传统的环形铁氧体产品的核心组成一个压缩铁磁材料,动力本身将不会成为永久磁化,如注册商标为“Ferramic 06#”Permag“西门子粉中所叙述的重心- 2000 - 002-121,(美国俄亥俄州克里夫兰市)号F626 - 1205“。 The core is 1.50 inch in diameter and 0.25 inch in thickness.其核心是直径 1.50英寸和0.25英寸厚度的研究。 A primary coil of 200 turns of 24 gauge copper wire is provided and coil of 600 turns of 36 gauge wire comprises the secondary winding.阿铜线初级线圈计24 200轮流提供及线圈轨距600转36包括次级绕组。
In the circuit of FIG 1, the diode is a 1N1198 diode which acts as a blocking diode and an electric switch that allows voltage flow in one direction only.在1国际体联电路,二极管1N1198二极管是一种只作为一个隔离二极管和一个电动开关,在一个允许电压流向。 Thus, the capacitor is never subjected to a pulse of reverse polarity.因此,电容是从未受到脉冲的极性相反。
The primary coil of the toroid is subject to a 50% duty cycle pulse. The toroidal pulsing coil provides a voltage step-up from the pulse generator in excess of five times, although the relative amount of step-up is determined by preselected criteria for a particular application.在环型线圈的主要是受一对50%的占空比脉冲。脉冲的环形线圈提供电压升压时间从5个多余的脉冲发生器的,尽管我们的标准相对量的逐步达确定预选一个特定的应用程序。 As the stepped-up pulse enters first inductor (formed from 100 turns of 24 gauge wire 1 inch in diameter), an electromagnetic field is formed around the inductor, voltage is switched off when the pulse ends, and the field collapses and produces another pulse of the same polarity ie, another positive pulse is formed where the 50% duty cycle was terminated.由于加紧进入第一个电感器脉冲(场形成了从原来的24个计100丝直径在1英寸),是一种电磁感应器组成周围,电压关闭时,脉冲结束后,与外地倒塌,并产生另一个脉冲即在相同的极性,另一个是正脉冲的地方形成的50%工作周期终止。 Thus, a double pulse frequency is produced; however, in pulse train of unipolar pulses, there is a brief time when pulses are not present.因此,双脉冲频率产生,然而,在脉冲脉冲培养单极,有一个短暂的时间时,脉冲不存在。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 05:55
By being so subjected to electrical pulses in the circuit of FIG. 1, water confined in the volume that includes the capacitor plates takes on an electrical charge that is increased by a step charging phenomenon occurring in the water capacitor.通过如此受到电脉冲在国际体操联合会的电路。1,电容在密闭的水的体积,其中包括板需要在一个电容器的电荷是逐步提高水的收费现象发生的研究。 Voltage continually increases (to about 1000 volts and more) and the water molecules starts to elongate.电压不断增加(约1000伏及以上)和水分子开始伸长。
The pulse train is then switched off; the voltage across the water capacitor drops to the amount of the charge that the water molecules have taken on, ie, voltage is maintained across the charged capacitor.该脉冲序列,然后关掉,电容两端的电压下降到了水的数量所采取的收费时,水分子有,即是电容电压保持整个费用。 The pulse train is the reapplied.脉冲列车是重新应用。
Because a voltage potential applied to a capacitor can perform work, the higher the voltage the higher the voltage potential, the more work is performed by a given capacitor.由于电压的潜在应用到一个电容可以执行的工作,高电压的电压越高,就越工作由一个给定的电容器。 In an optimum capacitor that is wholly non-conductive, zero (0) current flow will occur across the capacitor.在一个最佳的电容器,是完全不导电,零(0)电流流将出现整个电容器。
Thus, in view of  an idealized capacitor circuit, the object of the water capacitor circuit is to prevent electron flow through the circuit, ie such as occurs by electron flow or leakage through a resistive element that produces heat.因此,这种热量有发生,产生电子流通过一个或泄漏电阻元件,在观,即一个理想化的电容器电路,该对象是水电容电路,以防止电子流过电路。
Electrical leakage in the water will occur, however, because of some residual conductivity and impurities or ions that may be otherwise present in the water.水电气将发生渗漏,但是,由于一些残留杂质或离子导电性和可能存在于其他水。 Thus, the water capacitor is preferably chemically inert. An electrolyte is not added to the water.因此,电容是最好的水化学惰性。电解质不会被添加到水中。
In the isolated water bath, the water molecule takes on charge, and the charge increases.在离水洗澡,水分子就需要充电,而加费。 The object of the process is to switch off the covalent bonding of the water molecule and interrupt the subatomic force, ie the electrical force or electromagnetic force, that binds the hydrogen and oxygen atoms to form a molecule so that the hydrogen and oxygen separate.这一过程的对象是关掉水分子的共价键和中断的亚原子力,即电武力或电磁力,即结合氢,氧原子组成的分子,使氢与氧分离。
Because an electron will only occupy a certain electron shell (shells are well known) the voltage applied to the capacitor affects the electrical forces inherent in the covalent bond.因为一个电子只会占一定的电子壳(壳是众所周知的)的电压适用于电容器影响共价键的电力量固有研究。 As a result of the charge applied by the plates, the applied force becomes greater than the force of the covalent bonds between the atom of the water molecule; and the water molecule becomes  elongated.作为结果的应用板的电荷,应用武力就大于水分子的原子力之间的共价键,以及水分子变得细长。 When this happens, the time share ratio of the electron shells is modified.当这种情况发生时,电子炮弹时间份额的比例被修改。
In the process, electrons are extracted from the water bath; electrons are not consumed nor are electrons introduced into the water bath by the circuit as electrons are conventionally introduced in as electrolysis process. There may nevertheless occur a leakage current through the water.在这个过程中,电子摘自水浴;电子不消耗水,也不是过程电子引入电解浴作为电子电路为常规介绍。可能发生但通过水漏电流。
Those hydrogen atoms missing electrons become neutralized; atoms are liberated from the water.这些氢原子丢失电子成为瓦解;原子是水从解放。 The charged atoms and electrons are attracted to the opposite polarity voltage zones created between the capacitor plates. The electrons formerly shared by atoms in the water covalent bond are reallocated such that neutral elemental gases are liberated.充电后的原子和电子被吸引到相反极性的电压板电容器区之间建立的。共享的电子原水原子的共价键的重新分配,使中性气体元素的解放。
In the process, the electrical resonance may be reached at all levels of voltage potential.在这个过程中,电气共振,可达到的电压各级。 The overall circuit is characterized as a "resonant charging choke" circuit which is an inductor in series with a capacitor that produces a resonant circuit.整个电路的特点是一个“共振充电呛”这是一个电路谐振电路电感器与电容器串联,产生一个。 [SAMS Modern Dictionary of Electronics, Rudolf Garff, copyright 1984, Howard W. Sams & Co. (Indianapolis, Ind.), page 859.] [现代校管系统的电子词典,鲁道夫加夫,版权1984年,傅好萨姆斯公司(印第安纳州印第安纳波利斯),859页。]
Such a resonant charging choke is on each side of the capacitor. In the circuit, the diode acts as a switch that allows the magnetic field produced in the inductor to collapse, thereby doubling the pulse frequency and  preventing the capacitor from discharging.这种谐振电容器充电窒息的每一面。在电路中,二极管充当一个开关,使电感器的磁场产生的崩溃,从而增加一倍的脉冲频率和防止由电容放电。 In this manner a continuous voltage is produced across the capacitor plates in the water bath; and the capacitor does not discharge.在这个电容的态度,不断产生的电压在整个板水浴,以及电容器无排放。 The water molecules are thus subjected to a continuously charged field  until the breakdown of the covalent bond occurs.因此,水分子受到故障的共价键以不断电场,直到发生。
As noted initially, the capacitance depends on the dielectric properties of the water and the size and separation of the conductive elements forming the water capacitor.正如最初的电容取决于水电容的介电性能的水,形成的导电分子大小和分离。
EXAMPLE 1 例一
In an example of the circuit of FIG.在国际体联的电路例子。 1 (in which other circuit element specifications are provided above), two concentric cylinders 4 inches long formed the water capacitor of the fuel cell in the volume of water. 1(其中其他电路元件的规格提供以上),两个同心圆筒4英寸长的水形成了水电容的体积的燃料电池。 The outside cylinder was 0.75 inch in outside diameter; the inner cylinder was 0.5 inch in outside diameter.外缸直径为0.75英寸外部;内筒直径为0.5英寸之外。
Spacing from the outside of the inner cylinder to the  inner surface of the outside cylinder was 0.0625 inch.汽缸间距由内到外的外圆柱内表面为0.0625英寸。 Resonance in the circuit was achieved at a 26 volt applied pulse to the primary coil of the toroid at 0 KHz, and  the water molecules disassociated into elemental hydrogen and oxygen and the gas released from the fuel cell comprised a mixture of hydrogen, oxygen from the water molecule, and gases formerly dissolved in the water such as the atmospheric gases or oxygen, nitrogen, and argon.在谐振电路实现了在一个脉冲在0千赫的环形线圈初级线圈的26伏特的应用,水分子脱离成氢气和氧气氧元素的,和氢气的混合物由细胞组成的气体燃料释放水分子,气体溶解在水中前,如大气中的气体或氧气,氮气,氩气和。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 05:55
In achieving resonance in any circuit, as the pulse frequency is adjusted, the flow of amps is minimized and the voltage is maximized to a peak. Calculation of the resonance frequency of an overall circuit is determined by known means; different cavities have a different frequency of  resonance dependant on parameters of the water dielectric, plate size, configuration and distance, circuit inductors, and the like.在实现电路共振的任何,随着脉冲频率调整,安培流量最小化和最大化的电压是达到了高潮。电路计算整体的共振频率是由已知的方式确定,不同腔有不同的频率谐振电感参数依赖于水介质,钢板尺寸,配置和距离,电路,等等。 Control of the production of  fuel gas is determined by variation of the period of time between a train of pulses, pulse amplitude and capacitor plate size and configuration, with corresponding value adjustments to other circuit components.气体燃料的控制生产取决于配置和大小变化的时间内,列车的脉冲,脉冲幅度和电容板,与相应的值调整到其他电路元件。
The wiper arm on the second conductor tunes the circuit and accommodates to contaminants in water so that the charge is always applied to the capacitor. The voltage applied determines the rate of breakdown of the molecule into its atomic components.售票员曲调雨刮臂的第二个可容纳的电路和在水中的污染物,使收费始终是适用于电容器。适用的电压决定了组件的原子分子的速度将其击穿。 As water in the cell is consumed, it is replaced by any appropriate means or control system.由于细胞中的水消耗,它是系统替换任何适当的手段或控制。
Variations of the process and apparatus may be evident to those skilled in the art.变化的过程和仪器,可对那些明显的艺术技能。
What is claimed is: [ Claims not included here ]什么是声称是:[这里不包括债权]
Keelynet/Vangard Notes Keelynet /先锋债券
1N1198 Diode is also a NTE 5995 or  a ECG 5994. 1N1198二极管也是新界东5995或5994心电图。 It is a 40A 600 PIV Diode (the 40A is over kill and may not be needed).这是一个600的PIV二极管40A条(第40A超过杀死的,可能没有必要)。
Stainless Steel "T304" is a type of weldable Stainless, but other types should work the same.不锈钢钢“T304”是一个类型的不锈钢焊接,但其他类型应该是一样的。 "T304" is just the more common type of Stainless tubing available. “T304”,只是用的不锈钢管,常见的。
The outer tube figures out to be 3/4" 16 gauge (.060 "wall") tube (a common size) cut to 4 inch length.外管内的数字为3 / 4“16计(0.060”墙“),管(一种常见的大小)减少到4英寸长。
The inner tube figures out to be 1/2" 18 gauge (.049 "wall", this is a common size for this tube, but the actual gauge cannot be figured from this patent documentation, but this size should work) cut to 4 inch length.管内的数字出来的1 / 2“18号(.049”墙“,这是一本普通大小管,但实际测量计算的文件不能从这个专利,但这种规模应该)减少到4英寸的长度。
You should also attach the two leads to the Stainless, using Stainless solid rod (1/6 dia would do) and USE LEAD FREE SOLDER !  (you may want  the purified water that is returned to drink some day).您还应该重视的两个导致不锈钢,使用不锈钢实心棒(1 / 6直径会做),并使用无铅焊接!(您可能希望纯净水返回给喝天)。
You also need to figure out a way to keep the two tubes separated from each other.您还需要找出一种办法使这两个其他各管分离。 This could be done with small pieces of plastic.这可以用小的塑料件。 They cannot block the flow of water into/out of the tubes.他们不能阻止水的进入流量 /出管。
It was not indicated if the inner tube is full of water or not. The guess here is that it is full of water, and this doesn't effect the device at all.这是不是表示,如果管内的水或不完整。猜测是,它是这里充满了水,这不会影响在所有设备。
The Patent doesn't say but I would think that insulating the leads with some type of tubing up to the tubes would be electrically correct (and probably wouldn't hurt).专利不说,但我觉得绝缘伤害)的领导与某些类型的油管到电管将是正确的(也许会。
The pulse frequency was not printed, it is estimated from the size of the coils and transformer that the frequency doesn't exceed 50 Mhz. Don't depend on this being fact, it's just a educated guess.脉冲频率不能打印,估计从变压器线圈的大小和频率不超过50兆赫。不要依赖于这个被事实上,这只是一个猜测。
The circuit to do this is not shown, just empty boxes.该电路要做到这一点没有显示,只是空盒。 It's time to get out your SCOPE and try things!是时候拿出你的范围,并尝试的事情! Don't forget to share your results with others !不要忘了与他人分享您的成果! GREED is why this type of thing never gets out into the world to do some GOOD.贪婪是为什么这种类型的东西永远不会被外面的世界做些好事。 If you want to make some money, make something PRACTICAL that WORKS and that PEOPLE can use in their every day lives, then sell it!如果你想作出一些钱,起作用的,实用的东西,人们可以使用他们的日常生活,然后卖掉它! Holding onto information like this only hurts ALL OF US !!举办这样的结果只会损害美国所有作者!上的信息!
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:04
美国药典#4826581
Controlled Process for the Production of Thermal Energy from Gases and Apparatus Useful Therefore 因此,控制生产过程的有用的仪器由气体和热能
Stanley Meyer 赤柱迈耶
(May 2, 1989) (1989年5月2日)
Abstract -- A method of and apparatus for obtaining the release of energy from a gas mixture including hydrogen and oxygen in which charged ions are stimulated to an activated state, and then passed through a resonant cavity, where successively increasing energy levels are achieved, and finally passed to an outlet orifice to produce thermal explosive energy. 摘要-离子的方法和仪器获取收取的释放能量的气体混合物,包括氢气和氧气,而所刺激到激活状态,然后,通过了一个谐振腔,在那里先后增加能量水平得以实现,最后通过一个插座孔产生热核爆炸的能量。
Inventors:  Meyer; Stanley A. (3792 Broadway, Grove City, OH 43123)发明者:迈耶;赤柱答:(3792百老汇,格罗夫市,俄亥俄州43123)
Appl.耳目一新。 No.:  081859 ~ Filed:  August 5, 1987编号:081859〜归档:1987年8月5日
Current US Class: 204/157.41; 204/164 ~ Intern'l Class:  C07G 013/00当前美国类别:204/157.41;一百六十四分之二百零四〜Intern'l类:C07G 013/00
Field of Search:  204/164,157.41,157.44现场搜索:164分之204,157.41,157.44
References Cited:参考引用:
US Patent Documents ~美国专利文献〜
4,233,109 Nov., 1980 Nishizawa 204/164. 4233109 11月,1980年西泽一百六十四分之二百○四。
4,406,765 Sep., 1983 Higashi, et al. 4406765 9月,1983年东,等。 204/164.一百六十四分之二百零四。
4,687,753 Aug., 1987 Fiato et al. 4687753 8月,1987年Fiato等。 204/157. 157分之204。
4,695,357 Sep., 1987 Boussert 204/157. 4695357 9月,1987年Boussert157分之204。
Description 描述
FIELD OF THE INVENTION领域的发明
This invention relates to a method of and apparatus for obtaining the release of energy from a gas mixture including hydrogen and oxygen in which charged ions are stimulated to an actived state, and then passed through a resonant cavity, where successively increasing energy levels are achieved, and finally passed to an outlet orifice to produce thermal explosive energy.本发明涉及一种方法和离子仪器获取收取的释放能量的气体混合物,包括氢气和氧气,而所刺激到激活状态,然后通过一个水平谐振腔,在那里先后提高能源得以实现,最后通过一个插座孔产生热核爆炸的能量。
BACKGROUND OF THE PRIOR ART现有技术背景材料
Processes have been proposed for many years in which controlled energy producing reactions of atomic particles are expected to occur under "cold" conditions.过程已经被提出了原子粒子多年中,控制反应的能源生产预计将发生在“冷”的条件。 [See. [见。 eq.情商。 Rafelski, J. and Jones, SE, "Cold Nuclear Fusion," Scientific American, July, 1987, page 84]. Rafelski,J.和琼斯,硒,“冷核聚变”科学美国人,1987年7月,第84页]。 The process and apparatus described herein are considered variations to and improvements in processes by which energy is derived from excited atomic components in a controllable manner.描述的过程和设备均是考虑的方式变化,以控制和改善流程,推导了能量激发态原子成分的研究。
OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION物体的发明
It is an object of the invention to realize significant energy-yield from water atoms.这是一个发明的对象,实现产量从水原子重要能源。 Molecules of water are broken down into hydrogen and oxygen gases.对水分子分解成氢气和氧气的气体。 Electrically charged gas ions of opposite electrical polarity are activated By Express Mail No. 26224690 on August 5, 1987 by electromagnetic wave energy and exposed to a high temperature thermal zone.带电气体离子电极性相反的是26224690号激活快递于1987年8月5日由电磁波能量和暴露在高温热区。 Significant amounts of thermal energy with explosive force beyond the gas burning stage are released.天然气燃烧阶段的重要力量超出数额的热能与炸药被释放。
An explosive thermal energy under a controlled state is produced. The process and apparatus provide a heat energy source useful for power generation, aircraft, rocket engines, or space stations.爆炸性的受控状态下的热能产生。的过程和仪器提供一个有用的热能来源站发电,飞机,火箭发动机,或空间。
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS简要说明的图纸
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:04
FIG.国际体联。 1 illustrates a staged arrangement of apparatus useful in the process, beginning with a water inlet and culminating in the production of thermal explosive energy. 1说明了仪器的安排举行炸药生产有用的热能在这个过程中,开始了在进水口和高潮。

FIG.国际体联。 2A shows a cross-section of a circular gas resonant cavity used in the final stage assembly of FIG.甲显示了一个圆形气横截面谐振腔国际体联用于组装的最后阶段。 1. 1。

FIG.国际体联。 2B shows an alternative final stage injection system useful in the apparatus of FIG. 2b显示替代最后阶段喷射系统国际体联有用的仪器。 1. 1。
[Error in patent: Figure not shown] [错误专利:不显示]图
FIG.国际体联。 2C shows an optical thermal lens assembly for use either final stage of FIG. 2C型显示无论最后阶段国际体联光热透镜装配使用。 2A or FIG. 2A或不屑一顾。 2B.乙。
[Error in patent: Figure not shown] [错误专利:不显示]图
FIGS.无花果。 3A, 3B, 3C and 3D are illustrations depicting various theoretical bases for atomic phenomena expected to occur during operation of the invention herein.第3A,3B,3C和3D的插图描绘了本发明的各种行动的理论基础,以原子会出现预期中的现象。
[Error in patent: Figure not shown] [错误专利:不显示]图
FIG.国际体联。 4 is an electrical schematic of the voltage source for the gas resonant cavity.四是电气原理图谐振腔的电压源的气体。
[Error in patent: Figure not shown] [错误专利:不显示]图
FIGS.无花果。 5A and 5B, respectively, show (A) an electron extractor grid used in the injector assemblies of FIG. 5A和5B号,分别显示(一)电子国际体联用注射器提取格在集会。 2A and FIG.第2A和图。 2B, and (B) the electronic control circuit for the extractor grid.乙,及(乙)有关提取网格电子控制电路。
[Error in patent: Figure not shown] [错误专利:不显示]图
[Actual Figures: ] [实际数字:]
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:04
Figure 3 图3

. 。
Figure 4 图4

Figure 5 图5

Figure 6 图6

Figure 7 图7
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:05

Figure 8 图8

Figure 9 图9

Figure 10 图10

Figure 11 图11

作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:05
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT描述体现的首选
The hydrogen fracturing process, follows the sequence of steps shown in the following Table I in which beginning with water molecules, the molecule is subjected to successively increasing electrical, wave energy and thermal forces.压裂过程中的氢,遵循水的分子序列与步骤列于下表年初,我在其中,分子相继受到越来越电气,波浪能和热势力。 In the succession of forces, radomly oriented water molecules are aligned with respect to molecular polar orientation and are themselves polarized and "elongated" by the application of an electric potential to the extent that covalent bonding of the water molecule is so weakened that the atoms disassociate and the molecule breaks down into hydrogen and oxygen elemental components.在部队继承,radomly型水分子排列与分子极性方向就和本身两极分化和“拉长潜在的”应用程序由一个电动的范围内,水分子共价键的削弱是如此的原子解除关联和分子分解成氢气和氧气元素的组成部分。 The released atomic gases are next ionized and electrically charged in a vessel while being subjected to a further energy source that promotes inter-particle impact in the gas at an increased overall energy level.被释放的气体是下一个原子和离子电船只收取,在一段时间受到进一步的气体能源,促进整体水平的提高在一间能粒子的影响。 Finally, the atomic particles in the excited gas, having achieved successively higher energy levels, are subjected to a laser or electromagnetic wave energy source that produces atomic destabilization and the final release of thermal explosive energy.最后,气,激发原子粒子有先后取得更高的能源水平,受到激光或电磁波产生的能量来源不稳定和原子爆炸释放的能量最终热。 Engineering design parameters based on known theoretical principles of atomic physics determine the incremental levels of electrical and wave energy input required to produce resonance in each stage of the system.原子物理工程设计参数的理论原则的基础上已知确定该系统的增量水平的电气和波浪能投入到每个生产阶段所需共振研究。 Instead of a dampening effect, a resonant energization of the molecule, atom or ion provides a compounding energy interaction resulting in the final energy release.而不是起缓冲作用,一通电的分子共振,原子或离子的相互作用提供了一种复合能量释放造成的最终能源。
TABLE I我表
______________________________________ ______________________________________
PROCESS STEPS LEADING TO IGNITION工艺步骤,从而点火
______________________________________ ______________________________________
RELATIVE STATE OF WATER MOLECULE AND/OR相对的状态水分子和/或
HYDROGEN/OXYGEN/OTHER ATOMS氢/氧/其他原子
RANDOM                  1st Stage随机第一阶段
ALIGNMENT               Water to Gas校直水改气
POLARIZATION            2nd Stage极化第二阶段
MOLECULAR ELONGATION     Gas Ionization气体分子电离伸长率
ATOM LIBERATION         3rd Stage原子,解放军第三阶段
LIQUID TO GAS IONIZATION Priming吸液气体电离
ELECTRICAL CHARGING EFFECT充电效应
Final Stage决赛阶段
PARTICLE IMPACT         Ignition粒子碰撞点火
ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE, LASER OR电磁波,激光或
PHOTON INJECTION光子注射
ELECTRON EXTRACTION电子萃取
ATOMIC DESTABILIZATION原子失稳
THERMAL IGNITION热着火
______________________________________
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:05
______________________________________
After the first stage in which water is broken down into its atomic components in a mixture of hydrogen, oxygen and formerly dissolved entrapped gasses, the gas atoms become elongated during electron removal as the atoms are ionized.经过第一阶段,水被打破元件减少到其在氢原子混合,溶解的氧气和前包埋气体,气体原子中电子搬迁成为拉长为原子电离。 Laser, or light wave energy of a predetermined frequency is injected into a containment vessel in a gas ionization process.激光,或一个预定的频率光波能量被注入到一个电离过程容器中的气体。 The light energy absorbed by voltage stimulated gas nuclei causes destabilization of gas ions still further.在吸收光能电压刺激气体原子核不稳定的气体离子引起进一步。 The absorbed laser energy causes the gas nuclei to increase in energy state, which, in turn, causes electron deflection to a higher orbital shell.吸收激光能量使气体中坚力量,增加能量状态,这反过来,使电子偏转到一个更高的轨道壳。
The electrically charged and laser primed combustible gas ions from a gas resonant cavity may be directed into an optical thermal lens assembly for triggering.这种充电式和谐振腔激光器气体可燃气体离子的引物可为光热透镜装配的触发。 Before entry into the optimal thermal lens, however, electrons are stripped from the ions and the atom is destabilized.镜头前进入最佳热,然而,电子被剥离出来的离子和原子是不稳定的。 The destabilized gas ions which are electrically and mass unbalanced atoms having highly energized nuclei are pressurized during spark ignition.在不稳定的气体离子,在电气和群众原子具有高度活力原子核是不平衡的压力在火花点火。 The unbalanced, destablized atomic components thermally interact; the energized and unstable hydrogen gas nuclei collide with highly energized and unstable oxygen gas nuclei, causing and producing thermal explosive energy beyond the gas burning stage.不平衡,destablized原子组件热相互作用;的活力和不稳定的氢气燃烧阶段原子核相撞高度活力和不稳定的氧原子核,造成超出气体和生产热爆炸的能量。 The ambient air gas components in the initial mixture aid the thermal explosive process under a controlled state.周围的空气混合气体组分援助在最初的热爆炸过程处于受控状态下。
In the process, the point of optimum energy-yield is reached when the electron deficient oxygen atoms (having less than a normal number of electrons) lock onto and capture a hydrogen atom electron prior to or during thermal combustion of the hydrogen/oxygen mixture.在这个过程中,屈服点的最佳能量达到时,缺电子的氧原子(有电子数少于正常)锁定和氢原子捕获一个电子之前或期间,氢燃烧产生的热/氧气的混合物。 Atomic decay results in the release of energy.原子衰变释放的能量,结果研究。
In a general outline of the method, a first gas mixture including at least a portion of hydrogen and oxygen gases is provided.在提供一般概述的方法,第一个混合气体和最不发达国家包括一部分的氢氧气体。 The gas mixture is subjected to a pulsating, polar electric field whereby electrons of the gas atoms are distended in their orbital fields by reason of their subjection to electrical polar forces.这种气体混合物受到一个脉冲,极性的电场,使电子原子的气体膨胀的原因是他们在其隶属的电气极地轨道领域的力量。 The polar pulsating frequency applied is such that the pulsating electric field induces a resonance with respect to an election of the gas atom.极地脉动频率的应用是这样的脉动电场诱导气体原子的共振方面对选举的影响。 A cascade effect results and the energy level of specific resonating electron is increased in cascading, incremental steps.一个连带效应的结果和共振电子能级的具体是增加级联,逐步完成。
Next, the gas atoms are ionized and subjected to electro-magnetic wave energy having a predetermined frequency to induce a further election resonance in the ion, whereby the energy level of the election is successively increased. Electrons are extracted from the resonating ions while such ions are in an increased energy state to destabilize the nuclear electron configuration of said ions; and the gas mixture of destabilized ions is thermally ignited.接下来,电离气体原子,受到电磁波的能量有一个预定的次数,以诱使依次为进一步增加选举共振离子能量水平,即在选举。离子电子是取自共鸣,而这种离子国家在增加能源动摇核电子组态离子的表示,以及不稳定的离子气体混合物的热点燃。
In the apparatus shown in FIG.在图所示的仪器。 1, water is introduced at inlet 1 into a first stage water fracturing module 2 in which water molecules are broken down into hydrogen, oxygen and released entrapped gas components by an electrical disassociation process and apparatus such as shown in my co-pending application Ser. 1,水是一进介绍了第一阶段的二成一水压裂模块的水分子分解成氢气被分解,释放氧气和气体成分包埋申请由一辑电解离过程和设备尚待解决,例如显示在我的合作。 No. 835,564, filed March 3, 1986, which is incorporated herein by reference.号 835564,提交1986年3月3日,这是本文所纳入参考。 The released atomic gases and other gas components formerly entrapped as dissolved gases in water may be introduced to a successive stage 3 or other number of like resonant cavities, which are arranged in either a series or parallel combined array.原子释放的气体和其他气体成份以前包埋气体溶解于水,可作为一个连续推出3阶段或其他数字,如谐振腔,这是在任何一个阵列排列串联或并联组合。 The successive energization of the gas atoms provides a cascading effect, successively increasing the voltage stimulation level of the released gasses as they sequentially pass through cavities 2, 3, etc. In a final stage, an injector system 4, of a configuration of the type shown in FIGS.而气体分子连续通电的提供一系列的影响,先后释放出来的气体的增加刺激电压水平,他们依次穿过溶洞2,3,舞台等,最后,一个喷射系统4,类型配置的在图所示。 2A or 2B, receives energized atomic and gas particles where the particles are subjected to further energy input, electrical excitation and thermal stimulation, whereby thermal explosive energy results 5, which may be directed thru a lens assembly of the type shown in FIG. 2A或2B,接收带电原子和天然气,其中粒子颗粒受到进一步的能量输入,电激发和热刺激,使热爆炸能量结果5,这可能是国际体联直接通过载于该类型的镜头组装。 2C to provide a controlled thermal energy output. 2C型提供一个受控热能量输出。
Electromagnetic wave activated and electrically charged gas ions of hydrogen and oxygen (of opposite polarity) are expelled from the cascaded cells 2, 3, etc. The effect of cascading successively increases the voltage stimulation level of the released gases, which then are directed to the final injector assembly 4.氢气和氧气(极性相反)电磁波激活和带电气体离子的级联开除级联细胞2,3等的效果先后增加了针对电压刺激程度释放的气体,然后是最后注射器组装4。 In the injector assembly, gas ions are stimulated to a yet higher energy level.在喷油器装配,气体离子刺激到一个更高的能量尚未水平。 The gases are continually exposed to a pulsating laser or other electromagnetic wave energy source together with a high intensity oscillating voltage field that occurs within the cell between electrodes or conductive plates of opposite electrical polarity.这些气体不断接触到电磁脉冲波激光或其他能源极性连同电器高强度振荡电压相反的领域内发生的导电电极板之间或细胞。 A preferred construction material for the plates is a stainless steel T-304 which is non-chemically reactive with water, hydrogen, or oxygen.该板块的首选建材是一个不锈钢的T - 304是不与水反应化学氧,氢,或。 An electrically conductive material which is inert in the fluid environment is a desirable material of construction for the electrical field producing plates, through which field the gas stream of activated particles passes.一种导电材料,惰性环境中的流体是理想的物质粒子通过施工现场的电器生产板,通过它的气体流场激活。 Gas ions of opposite electrical charges reach and maintain a critical energy level state. The gas ions are oppositely electrically charged and subjected to oscillating voltage fields of opposite polarity and are also subjected to a pulsating electromagnetic wave energy source.电荷的气体离子对面达到并维持一个国家重要的能源水平。气体离子相反带电并受到振荡电压极性相反的领域,也受到一个脉冲电磁波能量来源。 Immediately after reaching critical energy, the excited gas ions are exposed to a high temperature thermal zone in the injection cell, 4, that causes the excited gas ions to undergo gas combustion.到达后,立即临界能量,激动的气体离子被暴露在高温气体燃烧热区是在注射细胞,4,导致激发气体离子进行。 The gas ignition triggers atomic decay and releases thermal energy, 5, with explosive force.气体原子衰变点火触发和释放热能,5,具有爆发力。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:06
Once triggered, the thermal explosive energy output is controllable by the attenuation of operational parameters.一旦触发,热爆炸能量输出是可控的参数衰减业务。 With reference to FIG. 4A, for example, once the frequency of resonance is identified, by varying applied pulse voltage to the initial water fuel cell assemblies, 2, 3, the ultimate explosive energy output is likewise varied.关于国际体联。4A条,例如,一旦被确定共振频率的输出,通过改变脉冲电压,适用于初始水燃料电池组件,2,3,最终爆炸的能量也同样各不相同。 By varying the pulse shape and/or amplitude or pulse train sequence of the electromagnetic wave energy source, final output is varied.通过改变脉冲的形状和/或振幅或训练序列脉冲能量来源的电磁波,最终结果是各不相同。 Attenuation of the voltage field frequency in the form of OFF and ON pulses likewise affects output of the staged apparatus.衰减的形式关闭电压领域的脉冲频率和 ON同样会影响仪器的输出上演。 Each control mechanism can be used separately, grouped in sections, or systematically arranged in a sequential manner.每个控制机制,可单独使用,方式分为部分,或顺序排列在一个系统。
The overall apparatus thus includes means for providing a first gas mixture consisting of at least a portion of hydrogen and oxygen gas. The gases may be obtained by disassociation of the water molecule.因此,整体设备的手段包括提供第一混合气体组成的气体,至少部分氢气和氧气。这些气体可能是由水分子解离得到的。 An electrical circuit of the type shown in FIG.在国际体联电动式所示的电路。 4 provides a pulsating, polar electric field to the gas mixture as illustrated in FIG. 4提供了脉动,极电场的混合气体如图所示研究。 3A, whereby electrons of the gas atoms are distended in their orbital fields by reason of their subjection to electrical polar forces, changing from the state conceptually illustrated by FIG.第3A,即原子的电子在气体膨胀的原因是他们在其隶属的电气极地轨道领域的力量,国际体联改变说明了从概念上的状态。 3B to that of FIG.对国际体联的3B的。 3C, at a frequency such that the pulsating electric field induces a resonance with respect to electrons of the gas atoms. 3c中,在这样的脉冲频率的电场诱导气体原子的共振与电子方面的。 The energy level of the resonant electrons is thereby increased in cascading, incremental steps.的共振电子的能量级别是从而增加级联,逐步完成。 A further electric field to ionize said gas atoms is applied and an electromagnetic wave energy source for subjecting the ionized gas atoms to wave energy of a predetermined frequency to induce a further electron resonance in the ion, whereby the energy level of the election is successively increased is an additional element of the apparatus as shown in FIG.进一步说,电场电离气体原子和一个应用电磁波离子,能源当局作出的电离气体原子的能量以波的共振频率在预定的诱导,使进一步的电子能级的选举是连续上升该仪器是一种额外的元素,如图所示研究。 3D.三维。
An electron sink, which may be in the form of the grid element shown in FIG.一个电子接收器,可在国际体操联合会的形式显示在网格元素的。 5A, extracts further electrons from the resonating ions while such ions are in an increased energy state and destabilizes the nuclear electron configuration of the ions. 5A条,进一步提取共振离子电子从这些离子同时在增加能量状态和不安的离子核电子配置。 The "extraction" of electrons by the sink means is coordinated with the pulsating electrical field of the resonant cavity produced by the circuit of FIG.在“提取电子”由水槽手段国际体联协调与脉动电路所产生的谐振腔的电场。 4, by means of an interconnected synchronization circuit, such as shown in FIG. 4,由国际体联一个相互联系的方式同步电路,这样在如图所示。 5B.第 5B。 A nozzle, 10 in FIG.一个喷嘴,在图10。 2B, or thermal lens assembly, FIG.乙,或热透镜装配,国际体联。 2C, provides the directing means in which the destabilized ions are finally thermally ignited. 2C型,提供指导,从而获得最终动摇离子热点燃。
As previously noted, to reach and trigger the ultimate atomic decay of the fuel cell gases at the final stage, sequential steps are taken. First, water molecules are split into component atomic elements (hydrogen and oxygen gases) by a voltage stimulation process called the electrical polarization process which also releases dissolved gases entrapped in the water (See my co-pending application for letters patent, Ser. No. 835, 564, supra).如前所述,达到并引发了最后阶段,在燃料电池气体原子衰变的最终,连续采取措施。第一,水分子***为组成部分称为原子由一个电压刺激元素(氢和)氧气气体电动极化过程也释放溶解在水中的气体包埋(见我的合作有待填写申请专利,丝氨酸。835号,564 段)。 In the injector assembly, a laser produced light wave or other form of coherent electromagnetic wave energy capable of stimulating a resonance within the atomic components is absorbed by the mixture of gases (hydrogen/oxygen/ambient air gases) released by the polarization process.在喷油器装配,激光产生的光波或其他形式的原子组成部分相干电磁能量的波内能刺激一个共振吸收气体的混合气体(氢气/氧气 /空气)过程中释放的两极分化。 At this point, as shown in FIG.在这一点上,国际体联所示。 3B, the individual atoms are subjected to an electric field to begin an ionization process. 3B是单个原子受到电场的电离过程开始。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:06
The laser or electromagnetic wave energy is absorbed and causes gas atoms to lose electrons and form positively charged gas ions.激光或电磁波能量吸收,造成气体原子失去电子形成带正电荷的气体离子。 The energized hydrogen atoms which, as ionized, are positively charged, now accept electrons liberated from the heavier gases and attract other negatively charged gas ions as conceptually illustrated in FIG.充氢原子的活力,正如电离,是积极的,现在接受电子摆脱较重的气体和吸引其他带负电荷的气体离子说明在国际体联的概念。 3C. 3C认证。 Positively and negatively charged gas ions are re-exposed to further pulsating energy sources to maintain random distribution of ionized atomic gas particles.积极与带负电荷的气体离子重新暴露,以进一步脉动能源来维持气体粒子随机分布的电离原子。
The gas ions within the wave energy chamber are subjected to an oscillating high intensity voltage field in a chamber 11 in FIGS.波能量室的气体离子在受到高强度的振荡电压场在无花果室11。 2A and 2B formed within electrodes 12 and 13 in FIGS. 2A及2B条电极内形成12和13无花果。 2A and 2B of opposite electrical polarity to produce a resonant cavity. 2A及2B条极性相反的电产生共振腔。 The gas ions reach a critical energy state at a resonant state.气体离子达到共振状态的临界能量状态。
At this point, within the chamber, additional electrons are attracted to said positive electrode; whereas, positively charged ions or atomic nuclei are attracted to the negative electrode.此时,在会议厅内,电子被吸引到更多的正电极说,鉴于,带正电的离子或原子核的吸引到负极。 The positive and negative attraction forces are co-ordinate and operate on said gas ions simultaneously; the attraction forces are non-reversible.正面和负面的吸引力力量统筹和经营气体离子同时表示,部队的吸引力是不可逆的。 The gas ions experience atomic component deflection approaching the point of electron separation.经验原子的气体离子组成偏转接近分离点的电子。 At this point electrons are extracted from the chamber by a grid system such as shown in FIG.此时电子摘自室由一个网格,如图所示的系统研究。 5A. 5A条。 The extracted electrons are consumed and prevented from re-entering the chamber by a circut such as shown in FIG.提取的电子消耗和阻止再进入会议厅了电路,如如图。 5B.第 5B。 The elongated gas ions are subjected to a thermal heat zone to cause gas ignition, releasing thermal energy with explosive force.拉长的气体离子受到热区热引起气体燃烧,释放热能与爆发力。 During ionic gas combustion, highly energized and stimulated atoms and atom nuclei collide and explode during thermal excitation.在离子气体燃烧,高度活力和刺激原子与原子原子核发生碰撞和爆炸过程中的热激发。 The hydrogen fracturing process occurring sustains and maintains a thermal zone, at a temperature in excess of normal hydrogen/oxygen combustion temperature, to wit, in excess of 2500.degree.压裂过程中的氢发生支撑和维持一个热区,在氢的温度超出正常/氧燃烧温度,以机智2500.degree,在过剩。 F. To cause and maintain atomic elongation depicted in FIG. f.为事业和维护原子伸长国际体联描绘英寸 3C before gas ignition, a voltage intensifier circuit such as shown in FIG. 3c中前气体点火,电压增强器电路,如图所示研究。 4 is utilized as a current restricting voltage source to provide the excitation voltage applied to the resonant cavity.四是利用一个电流限制电压源提供激励电压应用于谐振腔。 At the same time the interconnected eletron extractor circuit, FIG.同时提取的电子,电路的相互关联的,国际体联。 5B, prevents the reintroduction of electrons back into the system. Depending on calculated design parameters, a predetermined voltage and frequency range may be designed for any particular application or physical configuration of the apparatus. 5B号,防止电子重新回到系统中。根据设计参数计算,预定电压和频率范围,可为任何特定的仪器设计中的应用或物理配置。
In the operation of the assembly, the pulse train source for the gas resonant cavity shown at 2 and 3 in FIG.在大会运作的,脉冲气源谐振腔火车如图2和三英寸 1 may be derived from a circuit such as shown in FIG. 1可能是来自无花果等电路中,如图所示。 4. 4。 It is necessary in the final electron extraction that the frequency with which electrons are removed from the system by sequenced and synchronized with the pulsing of the gas resonant cavity In the circuit of FIG.这是必要的,最终提取电子的频率,电子是由从系统中删除的测序和天然气的脉冲同步与共振腔在国际体操联合会的电路。 5B, the coordination or synchronization of the circuit with the circuit of FIG. 5B号,国际体联的协调或同步电路的电路使用。 4 may be achieved by interconnecting point "A" of the gate circuit of FIG. 5月4日被点实现互连的“A”的国际体联门电路。 5B to coordinate point "A" of the pulsing circuit of FIG. 5B条坐标点的“A”的国际体联脉冲电路。 4. 4。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:06
Together the hydrogen injector assembly 4 and the resonant cavity assemblies 2, 3 form a gas injector fuel cell which is compact, light in weight and design variable.喷油器装配在一起的氢及谐振腔4集二,三形成一个气体喷射燃料电池的结构紧凑,重量轻变量和设计。 For example, the hydrogen injector system is suited for automobiles and jet engines.例如,氢气喷射系统,是适用于汽车和飞机发动机。 Industrial applications require larger systems. For rocket engine applications, the hydrogen gas injector system is positioned at the top of each resonant cavity arranged in a parallel cluster array. If resonant cavities are sequentially combined in a parallel/series array, the hydrogen injection assembly is positioned after the exits of said resonant cavities are combined.工业应用需要更大的系统应用。火箭发动机,氢气喷射系统阵列定位在集群中的一个平行排列在顶端的每个谐振腔。谐振腔,如果按顺序合并成一个平行/系列阵列,氢注入装配定位后的谐振腔退出该组合。
From the outline of physical phenomena associated with the process described in Table 1, the theoretical basis of the invention considers the respective states of molecules, gases and ions derived from liquid water.从大纲的基础上发明的理论,物理现象有关的表1介绍的方法,认为各国在各自的分子,气体和离子的水来自液体。 Before voltage stimulation, water molecules are randomly dispersed throughout water within a container.以前电压刺激,水分子是随机分布在整个水的容器内。 When a unipolar voltage pulse train such as shown in FIG. 3A (53a xxx 53n) is applied, an increasing voltage potential is induced in the molecules, gases and/or ions in a linear, step-like charging effect. The electrical field of the particles within a chamber including the electrical field plates increases from a low energy state (A) to a high energy state (J) in a step manner following each pulse-train as illustrated in FIG. 3A.当一个单极电压脉冲序列,如图所示英寸3A条(第53A极限特工53n)应用,越来越电压潜力和诱导分子中,气体/或离子的线性,按部就班如充电效果。机电领域电场粒子的内室,包括板)增加从低能量状态(A到高能量状态(j)在每一个步骤的方式下脉冲序列如图所示英寸3A条。 The increasing voltage potential is always positive in direct relationship to negative ground potential during each pulse.日益增加的电压始终是积极的,直接关系到负极接地电位的每个脉冲。 The voltage polarity on the plates which create the voltage fields remains constant.电压极性的电压领域的板的创建保持不变。 Positive and negative voltage "zones" are thus formed simultaneously.正,负电压“地带”,于是形成了同步。
In the first stage of the process described in Table 1, because the water molecule naturally exhibits opposite electrical fields in a relatively polar configuration (the two hydrogen atoms are positively electrically charged relative to the negative electrically charged oxgen atom), the voltage pulse causes initially randomly oriented water molecules in the liquid state to spin and orient themselves with reference to positive and negative poles of the voltage fields applied.在表1中描述的过程第一阶段的,因为水分子自然会导致相反的最初展品脉冲电场在一个相对极性的配置(即两个氢原子带正电荷的费用相对负电氧气原子),电压随机的液态型水分子旋转方向和领域,参照自己的电压极正面和负面的应用。 The positive electrically charged hydrogen atoms of said water molecule are attracted to a negative voltage field; while, at the same time, the negative electrically charged oxygen atoms of the same water molecule an attracted to a positive voltage field.充电后的电氢原子的积极表示水分子被吸引到一个负电压场,而在同一时间,同一负电的水分子的氧原子的收费吸引到一个正电压场。 Even a slight potential difference applied to the inert, conductive plates of a containment chamber will initiate polar atomic orientation within the water molecule based on polarity differences.即使是轻微的电位差应用于惰性,遏制室导电板的会主动极性水分子极性差异为基础的原子方向内。
When the potential difference applied causes the orientated water molecules to align themselves between the conductive plates, pulsing causes the voltage field intensity to be increased in accordance with FIG.当电位差会导致应用导向,以调整水分子之间的导电板本身,国际体联将导致电压脉冲电场强度与可按照增加英寸 3A. 3A条。 As further molecular alignment occurs, molecular movement is hindered.作为进一步的分子排列发生,分子运动受到阻碍。 Because the positively charged hydrogen atoms of said aligned molecules are attracted in a direction opposite to the negatively charged oxygen atoms, a polar charge alignment or distribution occurs within the molecules between said voltage zones, as shown in FIG.由于带正电的氢原子,分子的排列方向说吸引了对面的负电的氧原子,一个极电荷对齐或分布的分子之间发生在上述电压区,如图所示研究。 3B. 3B的。 And as the energy level of the atoms subjected to resonant pulsing increases, the stationary water molecules become elongated as shown in FIG.而由于脉冲能量共振水平上升的原子受,固定水分子成为拉长如图所示研究。 3C. 3C认证。 Electrically charged nuclei and electrons are attracted toward opposite electrically charged voltage zones--disrupting the mass equilibium of the water molecule.带电原子核和电子是朝着相反的吸引带电电压区-扰乱了水分子的质量平衡。
In the first stage, as the water molecule is further exposed to a potential difference, the electrical force of attraction of the atoms within the molecule to the electrodes of the chamber also increases in intensity. As a result, the covalent bonding between said atoms which forms the molecule is weakened and ultimately terminated.在第一阶段,由于水分子是进一步暴露给潜在的差异,这种分子的原子力电器内吸引对本室的电极也增加强度的结果。作为,共价键的原子之间说构成分子被削弱,并最终终止。 The negatively charged electron is attracted toward the positively charged hydrogen atoms, while at the same time, the negatively charged oxygen atoms repel electrons.带负电荷的电子被吸引向带正电的氢原子,而在同一时间,带负电的氧原子排斥电子。
Once the applied resonant energy caused by pulsation of the electrical field in the cavities reaches a threshold level, the disassociated water molecules, now in the form of liberated hydrogen, oxygen, and ambient air gases begin to ionize and lose or gain electrons during the final stage in the injector assembly.一旦应用共振造成的电力能源领域的脉动了在腔达到临界水平,脱离水分子,现在在氧气形式的解放氢,以及环境空气气体开始电离,失去或获得电子在最后在喷油器装配阶段。 Atom destablization occurs and the electrical and mass equilibrium of the atoms is disrupted.原子destablization发生和平衡的电子和原子的质量是中断。 Again, the positive field produced within the chamber or cavity that encompasses the gas stream attracts negatively charged ions while the positively charged ions (and/or hydrogen nuclei) are attracted to the negative field.同样,产生积极的领域内或腔室,它包括了带负电荷的气体离子流的吸引,而带正电的离子(和/或氢原子核)被吸引到负场。 Atom stabilization does not occur because the pulsating voltage applied is repetitive without polarity change.原子的稳定,不会发生,因为是重复的脉冲电压适用无极性改变。 A potential of approximately several thousand volts triggers the ionization state.阿伏潜力约数千触发电离状态。
As the ionized particles accumulate within said chamber, the electrical charging effect is again an incremental stepping effect that produces an accumlative increased potential while, at the same time, resonance occurs. The components of the atom begin to "vibrate" at a resonant frequency such that an atomic instability is created.由于电离粒子累积室内说,在充电的效果又是一个增量加强效果,产生一accumlative增长潜力,同时,在同一时间,发生共振。原子的组成部分,开始“振动频率”在这样一个共振一个原子是不稳定的创建。 As shown in FIG.正如如图。 3D, a high energy level is achieved, which then collapses resulting in the release of thermal explosive energy.三维,高能量水平达到,然后坍塌造成爆炸的能量释放热。 Particle impact occurs when liberated ions in a gas are subjected to further voltage.当粒子的影响下解放出来的气体离子在受到进一步的电压。 A longitudinal cross section of a gas resonant cavity is shown in FIG.一个纵向谐振腔截面的气体如图。 2A. 2A条。 To promote gas ionization, electromagnetic wave energy such as a laser or photon energy source of a predetermined wave length and pulse-intensity is directed to and absorbed by the ions forming said gas.为了促进气体电离,脉冲强度的电磁波能量,如长度和激光或光子能量源波是一个预定的指示,形成离子吸收的上述气体。 In the device of FIG.在国际体联设备。 2A, semiconductor optical lasers 20a-20p, 20xxx surround the gas flow path.甲,半导体激光器的光学20A条,20便士,20xxx环绕气流路径。 In the device of FIG.在国际体联设备。 2B, photon energy 20 is injected into a separate absorption chamber 21.乙,光子能量20是一个单独的注入吸收室21。 The incremental stimulation of nuclei to a more highly energized state by electromagnetic wave energy causes electron deflection to a higher orbital state.在原子核的增量刺激通电状态的电磁波能量,更高度的原因电子偏转到一个更高的轨道状态。 The Pulse rate as well as intensity of the electromagnetic wave source is varied to match the absorption rate of ionized particles to produce the stepped incremental increase in energy.脉冲率以及源强度的电磁波是多种多样的,以配合电离粒子的吸收率,以加强在能源生产增幅。 A single laser coupled by means of fiber optic light guides is an alternative to the plurality of lasers shown in FIG.单个激光耦合光导光纤的手段是国际体联替代激光显示在多元化的。 2B.乙。 Continued exposure of the gas ions to different forms of wave energy during voltage stimulation maintains individual atoms in a destabilized state and prevents atomic stabilization.持续暴露在气体离子电压刺激波能量的不同形式的不稳定的状态保持在一个单个原子和防止原子稳定。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:07
The highly energized gas ions are thermally ignited when said combustible gas ions pass from injector 4 and enter into and pass through a nozzle, 10 in FIG.高度带电气体离子热点燃可燃气体离子时说,通过从注射器4,进入和通过一个喷嘴,国际体联一○英寸 2B, or an optical thermal lens assembly such as shown in FIG. 2C.乙,热透镜或光学装配,如图所示英寸2C型。 In FIG.在FIG。 2C, the combustible gas ions are expelled through and beyond a quenching circuit, 30, and reflected by lenses, 31 and 32, back and forth through a thermal heat zone, 33, prior to atomic breakdown beyond exiting through a final port, 34. 2C型,可燃气体离子被驱逐通过淬火和超越电路,30,,反映了镜头31和32,来回热量通过热区,33,超出前34个原子故障退出最后通过一个端口。 A quenching circuit is a restricted orifice through which the particle stream passes such that flashback does not occur. (See my application Ser. No. 835, 564, supra.) The deflection shield or lens, 31, superheats beyond 3,000.degree.阿淬火电路是受限制口通过这些粒子流的传递,这样不会发生闪回。(见我的申请辑。835 号,564段。)的偏转盾牌或镜头,31,3000过热温度超出。程度。 F. and the combustible gas ions passing through said exiting-ports are regulated to allow a gas pressure to form inside said thermal zone. F.和可燃气体离子穿过表示退出,港口规管,以允许内部气体的压力,形成热区说。 The energy yield is controlled by varying the applied voltage, or Pulse-train since said thermal-lens assembly is self-adjusting to the flow-rate of said ionized and primed gases.产生的能量是通过改变控制电压,或脉冲串说,因为热透镜装配是自我调节的流量和引物的说电离气体。 The combustible ionic gas mixture is composed of hydrogen, oxygen, and ambient air gases.可燃混合气的离子组成的氢,氧,和周围空气的气体。 The hydrogen gas provides the thermal explosive force, the oxygen atoms aid the gas thermal ignition, and the ambient air gases retard the gas thermal ignition process to a controllable state.氢气的热提供爆发力,氧原子援助的煤气热点火,和周围的空气煤气热气体阻碍点火过程为可控状态。 As the combustible gas mixture is exposed to a voltage pulse train, the stepped increasing voltage potential causes said moving gas atoms to become ionized (losing or gaining electrons) and changes the electrical and mass equilibrium of said atoms.由于可燃混合气体接触到的电压脉冲序列,在加强提高电压的潜在原因说,转向成为电离气体原子(失去或获得电子)和电器及质量变化的平衡说原子。 Gases that do not undergo the gas ionization process may accept the liberated electrons (electron entrapment) when exposed to light or photon stimulation.气体不进行气体电离过程可能接受光子刺激解放电子(电子包封)当暴露在光线或。 The electron extractor grid circuit, FIGS.栅电路的电子提取,无花果。 5A and 5B, is applied to the assembly of FIG. 5A及5B条,适用于国际体操联合会的大会。 2A or FIG. 2A或不屑一顾。 2B, and restricts electron replacement.乙,并限制电子更换。 The extractor grid, 56, is applied adjacent to electric field producing members, 44 and 45, within the resonant cavity.该提取网格,56岁,是适用于毗邻电场产生的成员,44和45腔,在共振。 The gas ions incrementally reach a critical-state which occurs after a high energy resonant state.气体离子逐步达到临界状态后出现的高能量共振态。 At this point the atoms no longer tolerate the missing electrons, the unbalanced electrical field, and the energy stored in the nucleus.此时原子不再容忍丢失的电子,电器领域的不平衡,以及储存在核能源。 Immediate collapse of the system occurs and energy is released as the atoms decay into thermal explosive energy.即时系统崩溃的发生和能源是能源的热爆炸释放的原子衰变到。
The repetitive application of a voltage pulse train (A through J of FIG. 3A) incrementally achieves the critical state of said gas ions.火车(重复应用的电压脉冲通过国际体联j的一个。3A)条,逐步达到临界状态的气体离子说。 As the gas atoms or ions (la xxx ln) shown in FIG.当气体原子或离子(拉极限特工LN)的如图研究。 3C become elongated during electron removal, electromagnetic wave energy of a predetermined frequency and intensity is injected. 3c中成为拉长电子搬迁过程中,一个预定的电磁波频率和强度的能量注入。 The wave energy absorbed by the stimulated gas nuclei and electrons causes further destabilization of the ionic gas. The absorbed energy from all sources causes the gas nuclei to increase in energy state, and induces the ejection of electrons from the nuclei.电子的波的能量吸收气体的刺激,造成核离子气体的进一步动荡。吸收的能量来源的所有原因的气体从细胞核增加的能量状态,并诱导电子从原子核的弹射。
To further stimulate the electron entrapment process beyond the atomic level (capturing the liberated electrons during the hydrogen fracturing process) the electron extractor grid (as shown in FIG. 5A) is placed in spaced relationship to the gas resonant cavity structure shown in FIG. 2A.为了进一步刺激压裂过程中的氢原子级(电子捕获的解放以后,在电子包封工艺)的电子提取网格(如图所示英寸5A)条,被放置在间距的关系谐振腔结构的气体如图英寸甲。 The electron extractor grid is attached to an electrical circuit (such as shown in FIG. 5B) that allows electrons to flow to an electrical load, 55, when a positive electrical potential is placed on the opposite side of said electrical load.提取的电子网连接到一个电路(如见图英寸5B条),使电子流向电力负荷,55,当一个积极的电势是放在对方说用电负荷。 The electrical load may be a typical power consuming device such as a light bulb or resistive heat producing device.在电力负荷可能是一个典型的功耗设备,如一个灯泡或热电阻生产设备。 As the positive electrical potential is switched on or pulse-applied, the negative charged electrons liberated in the gas resonant cavity are drawn away and enter into resistive load where they are consumed and released as heat or light energy.由于积极的电势是腔开启或脉冲应用,负电的电子解放气体共振被吸引走,进入阻性负载,他们是能源消耗和释放热量或光。 The consuming electrical circuit can be directly connected to the gas resonant cavity positive electrical voltage zone.电路的消耗,可直接连接到气谐振腔正电气电压区。 The incoming positive wave form applied to resonant cavity voltage zone through a blocking diode is synchronized with the pulse train applied to the gas resonant cavity by the circuit of FIG.波的形式传入的积极应用区,通过阻塞二极管谐振腔的电压是国际体联同步电路与脉冲列车采用谐振腔的气体。 4 via alternate gate circuit.四门电路通过交替。 As one pulse train is gated "ON," the other pulse train is switched "OFF."作为一门控脉冲列车是“开”的其他列车脉冲切换“关闭”。 A blocking diode directs the electron flow to said electrical load while resistive wire prevents voltage leakage during pulse train "ON" time.阿阻塞二极管指示电子流向说电力负荷而电阻丝防止漏电压脉冲在时间列车 “开”。
The electron extraction process is maintained during gas flow-rate change by varying the trigger pulse rate in relationship to applied voltage. The electron extraction process also prevents spark-ignition of the combustible gases traveling through the gas resonant cavity because electron build-up and potential sparking is prevented.该电子在提取过程中保持气体流量的变化率,通过改变关系的触发脉冲电压。萃取过程的电子也可防止火花点火潜在行动和旅行的可燃气体通过气谐振腔,因为电子建设火花是可以避免的。
In an optical thermal lens assembly or thrust-nozzle, such as shown in FIG.在光热透镜装配或推力喷嘴,如如图研究。 2C, destablized gas ions (electrically and mass unbalanced gas atoms having highly energized nuclei) can be pressurized during spark-ignition. During thermal interaction, the highly energized and unstable hydrogen gas nuclei collide with the highly energized and unstable oxygen gas nuclei and produce thermal explosive energy beyond the gas burning stage. Other ambient air gases and ions not otherwise consumed limit the thermal explosive process. 2C型,destablized气体离子(电气和质量不平衡气体原子具有高度活力原子核)可以加压在火花点火。在热作用,高度活力和氢气不稳定原子核相撞产生的热与活力的高度,不稳定原子核和氧气能源以外的气体燃烧爆炸的阶段。其他气体和离子的空气没有其他限制消费的热爆炸的过程。
Variations of the process and apparatus may be evident to those skilled in the art.变化的过程和仪器,可对那些明显的艺术技能。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:10
美国药典4798661
Gas Generator Voltage Control Circuit 燃气发电机电压控制电路
Stanley Meyer 赤柱迈耶
Abstract -- A power supply in a system utilizing as a source of fuel a generator for separating hydrogen and oxygen gasses from natural water and having the capabilities to control the production of gasses by varying the amplitude of the voltage and/or the pulse repetition rate of the voltage pulses applied to a pair of plate exciters in a vessel of natural water, comprising a sequence of circuitry operative to limit the current of a dc potential to a minimum value relative to the magnitude of the voltage applied to the plate exciters. 摘要-一个电压和供电系统中使用,作为一个振幅源分离氢气和氧气的气体燃料发电机从天然水和气体所具有的功能的不同来控制生产/或脉冲重复率在电压脉冲应用于励磁双板水容器自然,组成一个执行序列的电路,以限制潜在的直流电流最低值的相对大小的激励器的板的电压适用。 The circuits each function up to a given magnitude of voltage to inhibit and curtail the flow of electrons from the plate exciter having the negative voltage potential applied thereto. The first circuit operative from a first magnitude of voltage comprises converting the voltage potential applied to the plate exciters to a unipolar pulse voltage dc of a repetitive frequency.每个函数的电路到一个特定的电压幅度,抑制和减少了电子从流动及其应用板激振器具有负电压的潜力。一等电压首先执行包括从电路的电压转换应用到板高频激励器到一个单极直流电压脉冲重复了。 The next circuit varies the duty cycle of the unipolar pulse voltage dc; followed by rearranging the application of the voltage to the exciters to individual exciters each having the voltage applied thereto independently of the other plate exciters in the generator.接下来的电路不同的脉冲电压占空比的单极直流,其次重新安排电压应用到激励器激励器到每一个个体具有电压及其应用独立于其他板块的发电机励磁。 The next circuit comprises an electron inhibitor that prevents the flow of electrons; the circuit being in the terminal line between the negative plate exciter and ground.接下来的电路包括一个电子抑制剂,防止电子流,电路被激励和地面终端线路板之间的负。 In those applications of the generator wherein excessively high voltage is to be applied to the plate exciters for a very high yield of gasses, a second electron inhibitor of a unique structure is serially connected with the first electron inhibiter. The second named inhibiter having a relatively fixed value and the first inhibiter connected in series is variable to fine tune the circuits to eliminate current flow.这些应用在发电机的电压过高,其中所采用的独特的结构为一个非常高产的第二板激励器电子抑制剂气体,一个是串行连接的第一个电子抑制剂。第二种名为抑制剂具有相对定值和第一抑制剂是可变的串联在电路进行微调,以消除电流。
Description 描述
BACKGROUND AND CROSS REFERENCES 背景和交互参照
The phenomena of physics was discovered that the hydrogen atoms in the water molecule will take on a positive charge whereas the oyxgen atom in the water molecule takes on a negative charge when the water molecule is exposed to an electrical voltage.物理现象,发现水分子的氢原子会在一个水分子中的正电荷,而oyxgen原子呈现一个负电荷,当水分子接触到电源电压。 The two hydrogen positive charged atoms and the one oxygen negative charged atoms, in magnitude, are in a state of equilibrium .两个氢原子和带正电的一个氧原子的负电荷,在规模,平衡是一个国家。
In my co-pending patent application, Ser.我公司正在申请专利的申请,丝氨酸。 No. 302,807, now abandoned for Hydrogen Generator, the above noted principle of polarization is utilized. The simultaneous application of a positive voltage pulse to one plate exciter and a negative polarized voltage pulse to the other plate exciter in a vessel of natural water, will form polarized voltage electrical zones around the plates of a respective polarity.第三○二八 ○七,现在放弃了发电机氢,上述指出的极化原理是利用。电压脉冲同时积极应用到一个盘子激励和负电压脉冲的极性其他板块励磁自来水船只自然,将形成一个各自的极化电压极性板电气区周围。 The positive voltage plate exciter zone attracts the negative charged atoms of the water molecule and the negative voltage plate exciter zone attracts the positive charged hydrogen atoms of the water molecule.板的正电压励磁区吸引了水分子和原子,负电荷的负电压,励磁板带正电吸引了水分子的氢原子。
The opposing attractive forces causes the hydrogen and oxygen atoms to disassociate from the water molecule; and thereby, release the hydrogen and oxygen gasses.与此相反的引力使氢与氧原子脱离水分子,从而,释放氢气和氧气的气体。 In that natural water is utilized in the generator and that natural water contains a considerable percentage of ambient air, ambient air gas will also be released similarly to the oxygen and hydrogen gasses from the water molecule.在这天然水是利用在发电机和天然水含有相当比例的环境空气,环境空气的气体亦同样被释放的气体从水中氢分子和氧的。
The above described process is apparently not a chemical reaction process such as in Faraday's Laws.上述介绍的过程显然不是一个法拉第定律化学反应过程,如研究。 In that process electrolyte is added to distilled water to draw current.在这个过程中被添加到电解液蒸馏水提请电流。 The reaction of the electrolyte with that of the corrosive electrodes releases the hydrogen and oxygen gasses.电极反应腐蚀性的电解质与该释放的氢气和氧气的气体。
Characteristically, Faraday's Laws requires:典型的,法拉第定律要求:
"The rate of deomposition of an electrolyte is dependant on current and independant of voltage. xxx will depend on current regardless of voltage, provided the voltage exceeds a minimum for a potential." “电解质率的deomposition的是依赖于独立的电流和电压。xxx时,将取决于目前不论电压,电压超过规定的最低限度的潜力。”
In the voltage dependant/current restricted process of my co-pending patent application, the disassociation of the hydrogen and oxygen atoms from the water molecule, is attributed to the physical force attraction of the polarized zones adjacent the plate exciters on the charged hydrogen and oxygen atoms having a polarity opposite to that of the polarized zone.在电压依赖/电流限制专利申请过程中我的合作等候,这种分子解离的氢,氧原子由水,是由于氢气和氧气的物理力量的吸引力就收取极化区相邻的板激励器原子具有极性相反的两极区域中。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:10
This physical force is exemplified in my co-pending patent application, Ser.这体现在物质力量是我的合作,专利申请之前,丝氨酸。 No. 422,594, filed Sept. 24, 1982, now abandoned for Hydrogen Generator Resonant Cavity, wherein the principle of physics that physical motion of an element between spatially positioned structures will resonate ifthe distance between the structures, in wavelengths, is matched to the frequency of the force causing the physical motion, is utilized in a practical and useful embodiment.号422594,提交1982年9月24日,现在放弃了氢气发生器谐振腔,其中定位结构的原则,该元素之间的空间物理物理运动一会引起共鸣的结构ifthe之间的距离,在波长相匹配的频率该部队造成的物理运动,是利用在实际和有用的体现。
The dc voltage with current restricted, applied to the pair of plate exciters spatially positioned in a vessel of natural water, is pulsed. The pulsing voltage on the plate exciters applying a physical force is matched in repetition rate to the wavelength of the spacing of the plate exciters.该是脉冲直流电压与电流限制,适用于对本板块的激励器对空间船只定位在天然水。板块的脉冲电压激励器使用一个物质力量是重复率匹配的波长的间距板激发器。 The physical motion of the hydrogen and oxygen charged atoms being attracted to the opposite polarity zones will go into resonance. The self sustaining resonant motion of the hydrogen and oxygen atoms of the water molecule greatly enhances their disassociation from the water molecule.身体的运动和氧,氢原子被吸引到收费的极性相反区将进入共振。自我维持的水分子共振运动的氢原子和氧分子大大提高了水的解离的。
In my co-pending patent application, Ser.我公司正在申请专利的申请,丝氨酸。 No. 411,977, filed Aug. 25, 1982, for Controlled Hydrogen Gas Flame, the gasses separated from the water, the hydrogen and oxygen together with the ambient air non-combustible gasses, are mixed as they are released by the generator.号411977,提交1982年8月25日,为控制氢气火焰,水从气体分离,氢气和氧气气体连同周围的空气不可燃,有好有坏,因为它们是发电机发布的。 The mixture of gasses are collected in a pressure chamber in the generator and thereafter expelled through a nozzle having a port configuration with openings dependant on the mixture of gasses.该混合气体收集在一个压力室中的发电机和气体排出后通过喷嘴混合端口配置上有一个依赖开口。 The nozzle is connected directly to the collection chamber and ignited.喷嘴直接连接到集合室,点燃。
The gas mixture has a reduced velocity and temperature of the burning flame from that which would occur solely with a hydrogen and oxygen mixture. To further control the flame, there is added to the mixture other non-combustible gasses in a controlled amount.气体混合物具有降低速度和温度的燃烧火焰将出现一个单独与混合氢气和氧气。为了进一步控制火焰,但被添加到混合气体在受控之其他非可燃。 Accordingly, the nozzle ports are related to the temperature and velocity of the flame.因此,喷嘴端口相关的温度和火焰的速度。 The several ports will accommodate flames of greater size without the danger of flashback or blowout such as would happen with a single flame.在一些港口将容纳井喷的闪回或火焰规模更大的危险,如不将发生在一个单一的火焰。
This physical force is further demonstrated in the plate separation phenomena of the first aforementioned co-pending patent application. Simply, the closer the spacing between the plate exciters the greater the attractive force of the opposite polarity plate exciters on the charged hydrogen and oxygen atoms of the water molecule.这物质力量是进一步板表现在专利申请首次分离现象的上述合作悬而未决。简单地说,越接近板之间的间距越大,激励器的引力原子和氧的极性相反板激励器上带电氢水分子。 With a given spacing, an increase in the magnitude of the voltage applied to the plate exciters will result in an increase in the rate of production of the gasses.与给定的间隔,增加了激励器的板级应用的电压将导致气体增加的速度生产。 With a voltage of a fixed amplitude a variation in the plate exciter spacing will affect the rate of production of the gasses.有了一个固定的间距电压变化幅度励磁一盘会影响气体率的生产。 An increase in the spacing will result in less generation, whereas a decrease in the spacing of the plate exciters will result in an increase in gasses.一个间距增加,会减少代激励器,而板块跌幅在间距将导致气体增长的需要。
THEORETICAL ANALYSIS 理论分析
The electrical phenomena of a positive potential voltage applied to one plate exciter and the application of a negative voltage potential applied to another plate exciter positioned in a vessel of water, may now be considered.积极潜力电压的电现象的一个适用于一盘励磁和水的应用1负的电压应用到另一个容器板定位在一个励磁,现在可以考虑。
Distilled water, like air, having no conductive meduim, will inherently inhibit electron leakage.蒸馏水,如空气,无导电 meduim,将内在抑制电子泄漏。 The magnitude of the applied voltage to the pair of plate exciters is correlated with the physical force on the electron movement.电压幅度的应用于励磁双板运动相关的物理与电子生效。 The magnitude of the initial force and the magnitude of the force to leak the electrons, and thereafter cause current flow, may be calculated or more readily empirically determined.该力的大小的初始大小和力量的泄漏的电子,并在其后导致电流,可能会更容易地计算或凭经验确定。
A small amplitude negative voltage applied to the negative plate exciter, will cause a physical disturbance to the movement of the floating electrons. However, the small amplitude voltage is insufficient to cause the electrons to leak and enter the attractive field force area of the positive plate. As the magnitude of the applied voltage is increased, the disturbance to the movement of the electrons is increased.一个小幅度的负电压的负极板采用励磁,会造成身体干扰的电子运动的浮动。然而,小幅度的电压不足导致电子泄漏,并吸引外地进入正极板领域的力量。随着外加电压幅度的增加,干扰的电子运动的增加。 With a further increase in the amplitude of the voltage applied to the plate exciters -- to a limiting level, the resistance of the meduim to the attractive force of the opposite polarity exciter plate on the electron leakage will be overcome.随着一盘励磁进一步加大对适用于振幅的电压-以一个限制级别,meduim抗渗漏到电子引力相反的极性对励磁板将被克服。
As the electron leakage enhances, the flow of the electrons to the positive plate exciter gradually increases as they enter the attractive field of the positive plate.由于电子泄漏提高,流动的电子向正极板激励逐渐增加,因为他们进入正极板领域的吸引力。 Upon attaining a heavy flow of electrons reaching the positive plate attractive area, arcing will occur.当达到一个有吸引力的地区厚板流动电子深远的积极的,会发生电弧。 An electrical arc is formed between the two plate exciters.电弧是两个板块之间形成激励器。 When this occurs a direct short conductive flow of current will flow across the plates.当发生这种情况的直接短期流动的电流传导将流过的盘子。
The electrical arc between the pair of plate exciters will form a direct line of conductivity; current will flow unrestricted.激励器的板电弧两人之间将形成直接的导电线,电流流动不受限制。 Upon the electron leakage attaining a direct short, the current is at a maximum.当电子泄漏实现直接短,目前正处于最高。 The voltage being subjected to the current takeover decreases gradually upon initial electron leakage and thereafter drops as the flow of electrons increases. When the electron leakage arcs over to the positive potential plate exciter, the voltage will drop to zero.电压受到当前的收购逐渐降低电子泄漏,并在首次下降后上升为电子的流动。当电子泄漏弧到板的积极潜力励磁,电压将下降到零。
As stated above, the spacing between the pair of plate exciters in a vessel of water having a dc voltage applied, is correlated with the gas production rate.如上所述,水盘激励器在船只之间的间距有一对直流电压的应用,是率相关的天然气生产。 The closer the spacing between the pair of plate exciters, the greater the yield of gas generated.越接近天然气产量之间的间隔板的双激励器,在更大的生成。 If the spacing of the pair of plate exciters is altered to a minimum spacing level, the attractive force of the positive polarity plate will overcome the resistance of the water meduim. Electron leakage will occur and from gradually to rapidly increase until arcing between the pair of plate exciters forms a direct path and consequently a direct short.如果激励器间距板的对被改变为一个最小间距水平,极性板引力的积极性将克服meduim的水。电子会发生泄漏,从逐步增加,直到迅速配对之间的电弧板励磁形成了直接的路径,因此直接短。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:10
The distance between the plates and the amplitude of the voltage applied, each independantly affect the other.电压板之间的距离和振幅的应用,每个独立影响另一个。 The two variable factors are interrelated; the one being variable relative to the other.这两个变量因素是相互关联的,一个是相对于其他变量。 The spacing being inversely proportional to the amplitude of the voltage.间距是成反比的电压振幅。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION 概要发明
In the utilization of a generator for the separation of the hydrogen and oxygen gasses from water; and the production of the gasses is varied by varying the amplitude of the voltage and/or the pulse rate--duty cycle of the pulsed dc voltage applied to the plate exciters in a vessel of water.在水利用率从一台发电机气体分离为氢气和氧气,以及气体生产的是多样通过改变电压的振幅/或脉搏-责任周期脉冲直流电压的应用水的容器板1励磁研究。
The present invention comprises a power supply with the applied voltage to the pair of plate exciters variable from zero upward to extremely high voltages; but yet, that inhibits the electron leakage.本发明由零上升外加电压,两人从板块励磁可变电源电压极高,但然而,这抑制电子泄漏。
The power supply of the present invention includes circuitry for an increased production of the generation of the gasses through varying the amplitude of the voltage applied to the plate exciters.本发明的电源电路包括气体为代生产的增加,通过不同的激励器的板振幅的电压适用。 The circuitry includes means and components for restriction of the electron leakage (current flow).该电路包括手段和)组件流量限制了电子漏电(电流。
The applied voltage to the pair of plate exciters is a unipolar pulse dc voltage of a repetitive frequency.外加电压的励磁双板是一个单极脉冲重复频率直流电压1。 Alternate power circuitry is utilized. In the first embodiment the input voltage is alternating current fed to a bridge rectifier; whereas in the second preferred embodiment, the input voltage is direct current applied to the primary of a rotating field secondary winding.备用电源电路使用。体现在第一次输入电压为交流电输送到一个整流桥,而在第二优先的体现,输入电压为直流适用于清盘小学一所中学的旋转磁场。
With a very low level of amplitude of the voltage applied to the plate exciters, no electron leakage from the negative potential plate exciter to the positive potential attractive field will occur.与一个潜在的有吸引力的领域非常积极的应用水平低电压的幅度为从盘激励器,负电位没有电子板渗漏激振器到会发生。 An amplitude of the voltage above a first forceful level will cause electron leakage. The circuitry of the invention overcomes the electron leakage with the application to the plate exciters the aforesaid pulsed dc voltage.一个有力的水平幅度电压高于第一个将导致电子泄漏。本发明克服了该电路板的电子漏与上述申请励磁脉冲直流电压。
An increase in amplitude of the applied voltage above a second level, will result in electron leakage.一个水平的提高幅度高于第二的外加电压,将导致电子泄漏。
To obtain additional gas production without electron leakage, circuitry in the power supply prevents electron leakage by varying the duty cycle of the pulsed dcvoltage applied to the plate exciters.为了获得额外的天然气泄漏而电子生产,供应电路板的电源防止泄漏,以激励器电子脉冲直流电压应用的不同占空比的。 The varying levels of amplitude of the duty cycle pulses effectively restrains the electrons from the B+ attractive field.占空比的脉冲幅度的不同水平的有效抑制引力场中的电子从B +。
The pulsating dc voltage and the duty cycle pulses have a maximum amplitude of the level that would cause electron leakage.脉动直流电压和占空比脉冲有一个电子泄漏最大振幅的水平,将事业。 Varying of the amplitude to an amplitude of maximum level to an amplitude below the maximum level of the pulses, provide an average amplitude below the maximum limit; but with the force of the maximum limit.不同的振幅为1级,最高幅度为一脉冲幅度低于最高水平,提供了一个最高限额以下的平均幅度,但与部队的最高限额。
In most instances of a practical application of the hydrogen and oxygen generator the pair of plate exciters will be several pairs connected in parallel.在大多数情况下板激励器对一个实际应用的氢气和氧气发生器将在并联多对。 There will be one terminal to the positive voltage and another terminal to the negative voltage.将有一个终端的正电压,另一端电压为负。 A further expediency to eliminate electron leakage is attained by eliminating the large surface area probability of stray electrons.进一步权宜之计,消除电子泄漏电子达到消除大面积的流浪概率。
It is noted that the first two circuit components and the multiple connections for restricing electron leakage relates to the plate exciter having the negative voltage applied thereto.据指出,前两个电路元件和restricing电子泄漏多个连接涉及到的板块为激励具有负电压及其应用。 That is the circuitry overcomes the attractive force of the B+ potential field.这是电路克服了引力势场的B +。 Additional circuitry is provided for very high yield gas production above the aforesaid upper limits, in the negative applied voltage plate exciter.提供额外的电路是非常高的收益率上限天然气产量高于上述,在负电压板激励。
A circuit is included in the negative plate exciter that practicaly eliminates electron flow; that is, the electrons are prevented from reaching the negative plate exciter and thereby eliminating the affect of the attractive force of the B+ field.包括在一个电路板的负面激励,实际上消除了电子流,这是中,电子是无法到达负极板激励,从而消除了外地的B +的影响力吸引力的。 A current limiting resister connected between the negative plate exciter and ground, prevents current flow--electron leakage to the the opposite polarity field.一个限流电阻连接负极板之间的激励和地面,防止电流-电子泄漏的极性相反的领域。
The circuit comprises a limiter resistor connected between the negative plate and ground that blocks current flow--electron leakage to the negative plate.该电路包括一个限电阻接地负极板之间的连接,并阻止电流流-电子泄漏的负面板。 The practical elimination of the current has no affect on the voltage, in the preferred embodiment, since there is no voltage drop.在当前的实际影响并没有消除对电压,首选的体现,因为没有压降。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:11
In a sophisticated embodiment, the limiting resistor comprises a unique structure of poorly conductive material having a resistive mixture sandwiched therebetween.在一个成熟的体现,限流电阻包括一个三明治therebetween独特结构的混合导电材料,具有不良电阻。 A second resistor of the variable type is serially connected to the unique limiter for tuning.为调整第二电阻变量的类型是独一无二的限制器串联到。 The value of the limiting resistance is determined by the current passing therethrough.电阻值的限制取决于电流通过穿过结构。 The variable is employed until the ammeter reads zero or close to zero as possible.这个变量是就业,直到电流表读取零或接近零越好。
The sandwich type limiter is varied in value by controlling the mixture of resistive material to binder.夹心型限制器是多种多样的价值,通过控制材料的电阻为粘结剂的混合物。
The circuitry and expedients to inhibit the electron leakage at all levels of the magnitude of the voltage applied to the plate exciters is a sequence of steps and functions operable from predetermined circuit components. The order of the circuit functions is set and preferably not altered; however, each of the specific variables can be varied independantly and varied with interrelated function to the other.该电路和权宜之计,以抑制板激励器的应用到电子漏电压的各级幅度是一个组成部分序列的步骤和电路功能从预先确定的可操作性。秩序的职能,电路设置,最好没有改变,但,每个变量的具体可以和其他各种不同的独立与相互关联的功能。
The phenomena that the spacing between two objects is related to the wavelength of a physical motion between the two objects is utilized herein. A relatively small increase in amplitude will yield an output several magnitudes greater when the motion of the water molecule is moving to and fro with a repetition rate to match the resonant length of the spacing between the pair of exciters.对象的现象,两个对象之间的间距是有关两个波长之间的物理运动,在本研究。阿增加幅度相对较小的输出将产生一个更大的若干程度的运动时,水分子是憧憧一个重复率相匹配的激励器的谐振长度对之间的间距。
OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION 物体的发明
It is a principle object of the present invention to provide:这是一个原则,对象本发明提供:
a power supply for a hydrogen and oxygen gas generator wherein varying the voltage amplitude varies the rate of generation of the gasses generated.电源电压幅度为其中不同的氢气和氧气气体发生器的气体变化率的一代产生。
such a power supply that includes circuitry to permit voltage to be varied in amplitude with current restrict to a minimum relative to the amplitude of the voltage.这样的电路,包括电源电压允许变化幅度要与当前限制到最低限度的电压幅值相对的。
such a power supply for a hydrogen and oxygen generator wherein the electron leakage between the plate exciters is inhibited.这样一盘励磁电源为氢气和氧气发生器之间的其中的电子泄漏抑制。
a power supply for a hydrogen and oxygen generator including circuitry for a unipolar pulse dc voltage of a repetitive frequency from either an alternating or a direct current input.从电源的频率为氢气和氧气的发电机电压电路包括一个直流单极脉冲重复或交替或直流输入。
a power supply having varying levels of voltage indicative of varing levels of gas generation that is programmable with a utilitarian device, particularly, when the generator has exciters spaced a distance in wavelength matched by the voltage pulse frequency.电源频率有不同程度的脉冲电压指示分层水平的天然气发电是一个功利的可编程器件,尤其是当发电机励磁电压已经由一个间隔距离波长相匹配。
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS 简要说明图纸
FIG.国际体联。 1 is an overall illustration of the present invention in a preferred embodiment; the components shown partly in block schematic and partly pictorially. 1是首选的体现,总体说明本发明一,块组件显示在原理图和部分部分形象地。

FIG.国际体联。 2 is a first waveform illustrating the unipolar pulse dc voltage of repetitive frequency with a uniform duty cycle.二是第一次,说明重复频率波形的占空比与统一的单极脉冲直流电压。

FIG.国际体联。 3 illustrates the unipolar pulse voltage with a continuous repetitive frequency. 3说明了单极不断重复频率脉冲电压1。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:11

FIG.国际体联。 4 illustrates the unipolar pulse voltage of a repetitive frequency having a uniform duty cycle from a low gradient level to high gradient level; FIG. 4说明了高梯度水平单极脉冲电压占空比的统一从具有重复频率低梯度水平;国际体联。 4A illustrates the duty cycle as being non-uniform and between gradient levels; FIG. 4A条说明了梯度水平占空比被非均匀之间;国际体联。 B illustrates the duty cycle comprising varying gradient levels and of non-uniform repetition; and FIG. B说明占空比由不同层次和梯度非均匀重复,和无花果。 4C illustrates the varying gradient levels as being uniform.第4C说明了作为被制服不同梯度水平。


FIG.国际体联。 5 illustrates partly schematic and partly in block the pulse frequency generator from a direct current voltage source. 5显示了部分电路和直流发电机电压从源头部分在块的脉冲频率。

FIG.国际体联。 6 is a schematic of the circuitry for programming the varying levels of voltage to practical applications.六是应用的电路原理图的不同层次的编程电压的实际。

作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:11
FIG.国际体联。 7 is a crossectional perspective of a multiple layer sandwich resistive element for inhibiting electron leakage. 7层夹心crossectional角度多电子泄漏电阻元件的抑制。

FIG.国际体联。 8 is a graphical illustration of the varying limitations of voltage amplitude for inhibiting electron leakage.八是电子泄漏的图形变化的限制抑制插图的电压振幅。

DETAILED DESCRIPTION ·详细描述
Referring to the drawings and in particular to FIG.谈到图纸,特别是国际体联。 1, there is illustrated the present invention in its preferred embodiment of a power supply for the aforementioned hydrogen and oxygen gas generator, providing variable amplitude voltage with inhibited electron leakage. 1,说明有氧气发生器的氢气和发明目前在上述体现其首选的电源供应,提供可变电压振幅抑制电子泄漏。
The alternating current rectifier circuit 10 comprises input alternating current terminals 12 and 14.交流电整流电路包括输入交流电流10端子12和14。 Switch 13 is a typical on/off switch. Transformer 10 is an inductive primary and secondary transformer connected to a bridge rectifier 15.开关 13,是典型的开关开/关。变压器10是一个连接到整流桥小学和中学15感应变压器。 The inductive field 11 of the transformer 10 is variable in a known manner to yield a variable frequency alternating voltage/current to the primary winding.归纳场10 11变压器的方式在一个已知的变量产生一个可变频率的交流电压/电流,初级绕组。 The bridge 15 arms are connected across the input of the secondary winding of the transformer 10.这座桥是连接全国15个武器的10个输入变压器的次级绕组。 The upper and lower arms are connected across the extreme ends of the secondary winding and the left hand arm is connected to the output of the rectifier 15.上下手臂连接的两端各极端的二次绕组和左手手臂连接到15个输出的整流器。 The right arm is connected to ground 20.右臂被连接到地20。 The rectifier inverts the negative swing of the alternatng current and thereby results in an output voltage pulse of a frequency twice that of the input frequency of the alternating current voltage applied to the terminals 12 and 14.整流器反转负摆动频率的alternatng目前输出电压脉冲,从而导致一两倍的输入频率,14 的12交流电电压应用到终端。
It is appreciated that if the alternating current voltage is varied in frequency by the variable inductive field 11, the output frequency across the bridge 15 will still be twice the frequency of the alternating voltage across the secondary of the transformer secondary winding 10.大家都了解,如果交流电电压频率变化由变量感应场11条,桥梁横跨 15个输出频率仍将两次跨越频率的交流电压的10所中学的变压器次级绕组。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:11
The power supply of FIG.在国际体联的电力供应。 1 includes a variable circuit 30 for varying the amplitude of the rectified voltage by rectifier 15. 1包括一个由15个变量整流电路的电压幅值的30个不同的纠正。 The variable voltage circuit , in turn, is directly controlled by the gas rate function separately, sequential, and together with the phenomena of a reseonant cavity.可变电压的电路出现转折,是由气体直接控制率分别函数,连续,连同reseonant一腔的现象。
The waveform output of the bridge is shown as a unipolar dc voltage pulse of a repetitive frequency.该大桥的波形输出显示为一个单极重复频率脉冲直流电压。 It is noted that the pulse voltage is not filtered and the plate effect is utilized.据悉,脉冲电压不过滤板的使用效果。
As stated, a voltage with an amplitude below the minimum level for example, with a given size apparatus, 2.5 volts (L-1 of FIG. 8) when applied to the pair of plate exciters, is insufficient amplitude to force the electrons to leak from the negative plate exciter.如前所述,一个例子电压振幅为1 的最低水平低于国际体操联合会的,大小与一个给定的仪器,2.5伏(L的- 1。8)当应用于励磁双板,振幅不足迫使电子泄漏从负极板激励。
The hydrogen and oxygen gasses will be separated from the water at the low level of voltage amplitude; and the gasses generated will also be at the minimum.氢气和氧气的气体会从水中分离在电压幅度低的水平;及产生的气体也将在最低限度。
Above the minimum level (L-1 of FIG. 8) of amplitude, the applied voltage will have a sufficient force to agitate and cause movement of the electrons around the negative plate exciter.高于最低水平(L -图1。8幅)的,外加电压将有足够的力量,鼓动和激励运动造成负面的电子盘周围。 As a consequence electron leakage would take place.因此电子会发生泄漏。
To overcome the forceful effect on the electrons around the negative plate exciter, but apply a voltage of increased amplitude for an increase in gas production, the first step in a sequence is utilized.为了克服板激励有力的负面影响周围的电子,但套用在天然气产量增加的电压为增强幅度,一个序列的第一个步骤是利用。 The pulsed dc voltage having a frequency predetermined by the input alternating current to the transformer 10, is applied to the plate exciter.脉冲直流电压互感器有10到预定的频率由输入交流电流,适用于板激励。
The maximum amplitude of the dc voltage pulse is sufficient to cause an increase in gas production; however, the minimum amplitude of the pulsed dc voltage is insufficient to cause electron leakage.电压脉冲幅度最大的直流足以导致产量增加天然气,但最低的直流电压脉冲幅度不足以引起电子泄漏。 The average of the maximum and the minimum results in an increase gas output but without electron leakage.最高平均增加天然气产量最低的一个,但没有结果,电子泄漏。
The physical force on the movement of the electrons around the negative plate exciter is further controlled in specific situations by varying the frequency of the pulsed dc voltage.盘子激励体力负面周围的电子运动的进一步控制在特定情况下通过改变电压频率脉冲直流。 The frequency of the pulsed dc voltage may be altered by an alternating current of another frequency applied to the input terminals 12 and 14.电压直流脉冲频率的改变可能是由另一频率交流电应用到输入端子12和14。 Alternatively, the frequency of the pulsed dc voltage may be varied as shown by the variable transformer 10 winding 11.另外,电压频率脉冲直流,可显示11个不同的变量绕组变压器 10。
With reference to FIG.关于国际体联。 3, the unipolar pulsed dc voltage of a constant frequency is illustrated. 3,单极性脉冲频率恒定直流电压1所示。 In the first mentioned variation of the amplitude of the pulsed voltage, there is further shown in FIG.在首先提及的电压脉冲的振幅变化的,如图有进一步研究。 3 voltage levels from OV, Va xxx Vn. 3过压电压等级,佤族极限特工的比照。 As noted below a variation of amplitude above the predetermined levels will permit electron leakage.正如以下的电子泄漏变异幅度高于预定水平将许可证。
Refering to FIG.参考图。 8, there is illustrated an appreciation of the significance of electron leakage. 8,说明有一个电子的泄漏赞赏意义。 Initially it is to be noted that the first amplitude level, L-1, is when electron leakage occurs.最初,它是要指出的是,第一振幅级,L - 1,是电子泄漏时发生。 Prior to leakage, voltage V.sub.1 increases on demand.在此之前泄漏,电压V.sub.1需求的增加。 At the level L-1, when leakage occurs, current begins to flow and as a consequence the voltage V.sub.2 begins to drop. The current flow increase is proportional to the voltage decrease; and upon arcing, a dead short condition for current takeover, the voltage V.sub.2 drops to zero.在水平L - 1,当发生泄漏时,电流开始流动,作为结果的电压V.sub.2开始下降。目前的流量的增加是成正比的电压下降;并呼吁电弧,一死了简短条件当前的收购,电压V.sub.2下降到零。
The same rise and fall in amplitude of the voltage versus current flow repeats at amplitude levels L-2.同样的上升和下降幅度在2 - L的幅值电压与电流的重复。 L-3, L-4, and L-5; again, in a given size apparatus, voltages of 4, 5.5, 7, and 8.5.的L - 3,L - 4的,和L - 5,再次仪器,在给定的尺寸,4电压为5.5,第7和8.5。
It is seen then, that it is paramount that electron leakage must be curtailed when the operation of the system is dependant on voltage, such as the generator utilized herein.它被看作那么,它是最重要的是必须制止电子泄漏时,系统运行的是电压依赖,如利用本发电机。
Returning to the overall circuit of FIG.国际体联回到了整个电路。 1, the unipolar pulsating dc voltage is an improvement in raising the amplitude of the voltage without electron leakage. 1,单极脉动直流电压是漏改善电子不提高电压的振幅。 Unfortunately, it too, has a voltage amplitude limit of 4.0 volts as shown by L-2 of FIG.不幸的是,它也有一个4.0伏特的电压幅度限制如图所示由L的- 2。 8. 8。
To further restrict current flow with amplitude voltages above the level L-2 of FIG.为了进一步限制国际体联现行- 2流的水平L以上电压振幅。 8, electron leakage is inhibited from the exciter plate having the negative voltage applied thereto, by varying the duty cycle pulse of the pulsed dc voltages as shown FIGS. 8,电子泄漏被抑制的励磁板及其应用具有负电压,通过改变所示无花果占空比脉冲直流电压脉冲的。 2, 3, and 8. 2,3和8。 In an initial application the pulsed dc voltage is switched on and off for equal periods of time.在最初申请的脉冲直流电压接通和关断的时间相等的时期。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:12
With reference again to FIG.关于再次国际体联。 1, the variable pulsing circuit comprises an electronic switch SCR 28 operable from one state to another form the optocoupler timing circuit 26. 1,变量脉冲电路包括一个电子开关可控硅28可操作性从一国到另一形式的光耦电路的时间26。 The operation and of the pulsing of a voltage is within the state of the art.的运作和电压脉冲是在一个国家的艺术。
Diode 29, a blocking diode, is operable in the accepted manner to eliminate stray electrons, shorts, variances, spurious signals, and the like.二极管29,阻塞二极管,可操作性的方式是在接受以消除杂散电子,短裤,方差,杂散信号,等等。 In addition the diode 29 blocks the back-electromagnetic force.此外,二极管29块背面电磁力。
The pulsing of the pulsed dc voltage, as shown by the waveform of FIG.电压脉冲的脉冲直流,如图所示由波形。 2, comprises switching, via trigger circuit 26, the pulsed dc voltage on an off--in a first instance. 2,包括切换,通过触发电路26日,场外直流脉冲电压的实例-在第一。 As will be understood below relative to the programming circuit of FIG.正如下文将被理解相对于国际体联编程电路。 6, the time period of the pulses may be varied periodically or aperiodically, the duration of the on/off period may be varied, the gradient level of the on/off pulses may be varied, and all of the above may be interrelated into a sequence of duty pulses with the varying conditions all as shown in FIGS. 6,一段时间内的脉冲,可定期或不定期更改,关闭期限关于/各有不同,到一个梯度水平的开/关脉冲可能是多种多样的,所有上述相互关联的可能脉冲序列的职责是以不同情况,所有的无花果所示研究。 4, 4A, 4B, and 4C. 4,4A,4B条,及4C。
The duty pulses are effective much in the same manner as the pulsed dc voltage pulses in the function of inhibiting electron leakage.责任是有效的多脉冲电子漏在功能相同的方式抑制脉冲直流电压脉冲的研究。 The "second" series of force on the electrons around the plate exciter, having the negative potential voltage applied, in terms of voltage amplitude is greater. “第二”系列生效板激励周围的电子,具有电压负电位振幅的应用,电压在以下方面的更大。 However, the greater amplitude is averaged by the double pulses to an effective voltage of an amplitude to inhibit electron leakage.然而,更大的幅度平均在双脉冲电压的振幅有效的抑制电子泄漏。
As previously stated, the voltage pulses applied to the plate exciters further enhance the rate of generation of the gasses.如前所述,电压脉冲激励器适用于板率进一步提高气体的生成。 Accordingly, to achieve the most effective relationship between gas generation and current limiting, the voltage amplitude is interrelated to the pulse repetition rate of the duty pulses in FIG.因此,为了达到最有效的限制和目前天然气发电的关系,是相互关联的电压振幅的脉冲在国际体联的脉冲重复频率的责任。 1. 1。 Also, the rate of production is related to the frequency of the unipolar dc voltage, the frequency then should be interrelated to the duty cycle pulses.此外,生产速度是有关的电压频率的单极直流,频率则应该是相互关联的占空比脉冲。
With continued reference to FIG.国际体联持续参考。 1, mechanical switch 40 is a known means for applying the voltages to the plate exciters individually and sequentialy. 1,机械开关40个人和sequentialy已知手段运用到板励磁电压。 The negative plate exciter is the center conductor of an inner and outer arrangement.板的负激励是安排中心外导体的一种内在的和。 The negative plate exciter is connected to ground 20; ground 20 being the power supply ground.板的负激励,是连接到地面20;地面20作为电源地面。
The dual pulses comprised of the freqeuncy repetitive pulses and the duty cycle pulses similarly to the previous configuration.以前的配置到双脉冲组成的脉冲重复freqeuncy和占空比脉冲类似。 The amplitude is effective to increase the output gas generation with an upper limit of 5.5 volts, in this instance L-3 of FIG.有效的增加幅度限制为5.5伏特,输出一上气代,在这3对国际体联l例如。 8. 8。
In a typical configuration of the hydrogen generator of the aforementioned co-pending application, the plate exciters will comprise a plurality of pairs.在挂起的应用程序的典型配置共同的氢发生器上述,板材激励器将包括一对多元化的。 In the previous configurations the positive voltage was applied in parallel to all the inner plates; whereas the negative voltage was applied to all of the inner plate exciters in parallel.在板块内以前配置的积极的电压是在平行于一切;而负电压,适用于所有的平行板激励器的内部。 It has been found that an increased surface between the inner and the outer plates will increase the probability of an electron breaking free and leaking to the attractive field of the positive voltage plate.人们已经发现,一个外板表面之间的内在增长和增加自由的概率打破一个电子和泄漏的电压板吸引力领域的积极的。 The surface leakage has been eliminated by applying separately and individually the positive voltage to each of the outer plate exciters and the negative voltage to each of the inner plate exciters.表面泄漏已被消灭,并分别采用单独的正电压的每个外板激励器,负电压激励器内的每个板块。
With reference to FIG.关于国际体联。 8 again, it is seen that although the serially connected exciter plates do permit a higher amplitude of voltage to be applied, it too, has a limitation L-4 of 7 volts. 8再次,可以看出,虽然串联励磁板做允许更高的电压幅度,那么,它也有一个限制,L 7伏特- 4。
The next expediency in the sequence for inhibiting electron leakage is the current inhibitor resister 60 as shown in FIGS.未来的电子泄漏权宜之计抑制序列中的电阻是当前抑制剂如无花果60所示研究。 1 and 5. 1和5。 The circuit 60 comprises a simple resistor of the commercial type or specially made for the particular application.该电路由1 60个商业类型简单的电阻的或专门为特定的应用。 The resistor is variable to provide fine tuning of the electron inhibiting.该电阻是可变的,提供优良的电子调谐的抑制。 In that the each pair of plate exciters are connected separately, a resistor 60a xxx 60n is connected to each of the plates having the negative voltage connected therto.在这盘激励器对每一个单独的连接,第60A极限特工60n的电阻连接到therto每个板块具有负电压连接。 In this embodiment the inner plate of the exciters 50a xxx 50n.在这体现了激励器内的盘50A的极限特工50n。 In that the inner plate had been normally connected to ground, the resistive element is now connected between the inner plate and ground.在该板块内已正常连接到地面上,现在连接电阻元件之间的内在板和地面。
As known in electrical art the resistor will provide a complete block to electron leakage--current flow.众所周知在艺术的电阻电将提供一个完整的块电子泄漏-电流。 However, since the resistor 60 is connected from ground-to-ground there is no real affect on the voltage; and since there is no connection with the positive side there is no voltage drop.然而,由于60是地面连接的电阻从地面到没有真正的电压影响,以及因为没有端连接与正面有没有电压下降。
The electron leakage resistor will again raise the upper limit of 8.5 volts amplitude before breakdown as shown at L-5 of FIG.该电子泄漏电阻将再次提高上限的8.5伏特击穿前振幅上如图所示在L的- 5。 8. 8。 In the generation of the hydrogen and oxygen gasses to an infinite limit, as yet not fully appreciated, the upper level of amplitude of the voltage is removed with the utilization of the electron inhibitor of FIG.在气体产生的氢气和氧气的一个无限的限制,至今尚未完全了解,在水平上的电压振幅是国际体联取消与利用抑制剂的电子。 7. 7。
In this embodiment of the current inhibitor connected to the inner plate having the negative voltage applied thereto, comprises a stainless steel sandwich 70/74 with a resistive material therebetween.这体现在负电压的应用及其对当前抑制剂连接到板内拥有,是具有电阻材料 therebetween不锈钢夹层七十四分之七十零。 The stainless steel is a poor conductive material and hence will restrict to some extent the electron flow.不锈钢是一个贫穷的导电材料,因而在一定程度上限制了电子的流动。 Other poor conductive material may be utilized in lieu of the stainless steel.其他贫困导电材料,可用于钢代替不锈钢。 The electron inhibitor 70/74 is connected in the same manner as resistor 60--between the inner plate having the negative potential connected to it and ground.该电子抑制剂74分之70连接在电阻60相同的方式-地板块之间的内在潜力具有消极和连接到它。
The resistive value of the electron inhibitor 70/74 is chosen empirically to a closest value, thereafter the total value of the resistance is fine tuned by the resistor 75 connected serially between the inner plate and ground.抑制剂七十四分之七十电阻值的经验,以电子是选择一个最接近值,此后的阻力总价值是地面和优良的内在调整板之间的电阻75串接。
To alter the resistive value of the electron inhibitor 70/74, the resistive material 72 comprising a mixture with a binder is altered in the percentage of resistive material to binder.为了改变电阻值抑制剂74分之70电子,材料的电阻组成一个72粘结剂的混合物的是改变了物质的电阻率,以粘合剂。
With reference to FIGS.关于无花果。 1 and 8, the pulse dc voltage of a repetitive frequency and the duty cycle pulses, together with the serially connected plate exciter techniques in the sequence for limiting the electron leakage is in relation to the positive exciter outer plate. 1和8,直流电压脉冲重复频率和脉冲占空比,泄漏连同串行连接的电子板技术在励磁限制序列是积极的激励外板的关系。 The current inhibitor resistor 60 and the current inhibitor resistor 70/74 are in the negative voltage line connected to the inner plate.目前抑制剂电阻60和当前抑制剂电阻74分之70是否定的高压线连接到板内。
With particular reference now to FIG.并特别提到现在国际体联。 5, there is illustrated an alternative embodiment for derivint the unipolar dc voltage pulse of a repetitive frequency -- similar to that of FIG. 5,有说明,体现了一种替代的国际体联电压脉冲derivint单极直流重复频率-相似。 1. 1。 The distinction in the embodiment of FIG.国际体操联合会的区别的体现。 5 is that the input voltage is a direct current in contrast to the alternating current of FIG. 5,输入电压是直流电国际体联相反交流电的。 1. 1。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:12
In operation of the circuit of FIG.鉴于国际体联电路的操作。 5, a low voltage, such as from a battery, is applied to the primary winding to the circuit of a rotating field. 5,低电压,电池,例如,适用于初级绕组到外地电路旋转。 The primary winding 42 being the rotating field has it opposite end connected to ground.初级绕组的42场已被旋转它的另一端连接到地。 As the field of the primary winding 42 rotates, there is induced three pulses at the output of each of the three secondary windings 46a 46b, and 46c.由于旋转领域的初级绕组42,有诱导的第46A条主动560 17 3个脉冲的输出绕组在各中学的三年,和46C条。
The repetition of the triple pulse is once per each revolution; hence the number of pulses per given period of time is related to the speed of rotation of the rotating field.脉冲重复了一次,每次三是各革命,所以时间内的脉冲数,每给予相关的领域是高速旋转的旋转的。 A faster rotation will produce a greater voltage frequency.一个更快的旋转会产生更大的电压频率。 An increase in the number of secondary windings will result in an appropriate increase in the number of pulses; whereas an increase in the number of turns on the secondary windings will increase the amplitude of the pulses.一个二次绕组增加的数目将导致脉冲数量,在适当增加;而在中学增加一个绕组的匝数对脉冲幅度将增加的。 The alternating voltage output of the three secondary windings is converted into pulses by the conventional diode rectifiers 65/67 bridge circuit for each of the separate pairs of exciter plates 50a-50n.这三个次级绕组的交流电压输出转换为脉冲由传统的二极管整流励磁六十七分之六十五对桥梁的每个单独的电路板近50a - 50n。 In this way a constant unipolar pulsating dc voltage of a repetitive frequency similar to that of FIG.在这样一个不断单极脉动直流电压的国际体联重复频率相似。 3 is applied to each of the exciter plates 50a xxx 50n.三是用于激励每个板块50A的极限特工50n。 The output is similar to that derived from the alternating voltage input of FIG.输出类似于国际体联的派生交流电压输入从。 1. 1。 The dc voltage is a constant voltage pulse.直流电压是恒定的电压脉冲。
Again similar to FIG.国际体联再次类似。 1, there is provided a timed pulsing circuit comprised of a timer 17, switch 19, and transistor 18. 1,有一个定时脉冲电路提供19个由一个定时器17,开关,晶体管18。 Initially, the dc pulse voltage is switched on and off, to provide a constant share time duty cycle to the primary winding 42 of the rotating field.最初,直流脉冲电压切换开关,提供一个交流的时间占空比恒定的初级绕组场42旋转。 In the off period there will be no voltage on the primary winding 42, and hence, no voltage output on the secondary winding 46.在关闭期间将不会有初级绕组上的电压42,因此,没有绕组输出电压的46中学。
The circuit of FIG.在国际体联电路。 5 is especially economical in that extremely low amplitude voltages (0-5 volts) is applied to the primary 42.五是经济,尤其是在这种极端低振幅电压(0-5伏)应用到小学42。 At this low level, the current is negligible and power consumption is minimum.在这样低的水平,目前可以忽略不计,功率消耗最低。 The output voltages from the secondary windings 46 is relatively high and is in the order of two hundred volts. The output voltages from the secondary windings 46 are variable in amplitude by the resistor 16 in the input circuit. A very small increment of input voltage results in a much greater output.
The sequence of circuitry of the pulsed dc voltage, duty cycle pulses, serially connected exciters, resistor in the ground line, and the plate resistor are each, and together, effective to eliminate electron leakage. The conditions set forth, in each instance were under actual conditions--with distilled water.
In the basic process of water separation as herein utilized, the hydrogen and oxygen gasses are separated by the application of a voltage to the plate exciters with the attendant current as close to zero as possible. Accordingly, the use of natural water having contaminents is equally operable; the contaminents will have no affect upon the separation of the hydrogen and oxygen atoms from the water molecule; nor will the contaminents have an affect on the plate exciters such as fouling up.
With the use of certain natural waters particularly sea water with a salt content or natural water with an iron or other mineral content, the natural water would have a tendancy to draw current. The passing of current as set forth above, would cause the voltage to drop and basically would curtail the operation of the generator.
The resistor 60 of FIGS. 1 and 5, connected between the exciter plate having the negative voltage applied thereto and ground is an effective current limiter/electron inhibiter. In simple terms the restriction to current flow to the negative plate is a restriction to the flow of current between the pair of plate exciters. There can be no electron leakage from the negative potential plate exciter if there are no electrons to leak.
The resistor 60 of FIGS. 1 and 5, and especially when taken together with the resistive plate structure of FIG. 7, current is eliminated from the plate exciters.
In FIG.在FIG。 1 there is illustrated an alternative manner of varying the rate of separation of the hydrogen and oxygen gasses from water. As fully disclosed and described in the aforesaid copending application Ser. No. 302,807, the spacing between the plate exciters in water is directly related to the rate of separation of the hydrogen and oxygen gasses.
The plate exciters 82 and 83 positioned in water 61 are varied in spacing by the rack 80 and gear 81. The variations can be manually or through the programmer 69 for predetermined gas rate generation. The programmer actuates line 37 to the motor 33 to drive the gear 81.
The closer the spacing the greater the gas yield, ie, the attractive force of the electrical voltage zones is related to spacing. However as noted above, the closer the spacing the greater the probability of spurious electron leakage. It is appreciated the optimum is the closest spacing for gas generation with a minimum of current leakage.
The pulsed dc voltage, the duty cycle pulses, the resistor from negative to ground, the serial connections of the exciters, and the plate resistor in series with a variable resistor between the negative plate and ground, is a sequence of circuits that conteract the electron leakage with increased voltage. Similarly, the same sequence individually and in combination are equally applicable with respect to the variation of plate spacing to vary the rate of generation of the gasses but yet, to restrict electron leakage. The voltage levels from 0 volts upward will be dependant on the physical parameters of the apparatus. In one typical structure of the apparatus the voltage was varied from zero (0) volts to 45 volts. In a smaller structure, the voltage levels of FIG. 8 were utilized.
With reference again to FIGS. 2, 3, 4, 4A, 4B, 4C, and 4D, the waveforms illustrated therein depict the several variations of the pulsed dc voltage relative to the duty cycle pulses. Initially, each of the two set of pulses are varied individually. The on/off time of the two sets of pulses in a first instance is uniform. Then the timing of one or the other is varied; the gradient levels of the voltages are varied periodically and a periodically, pulse duration is varied equally and unequally.
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:12
To attain the optimum gas generation with minimum electron leakage, is determined empirically with a gas flow meter and an ammeter. The variables are interrelated but not necessarily having the effect on either gas production or electron leakage. Practical training reduces the tune-up period.
In FIG.在FIG。 6, there is illustrated the resonate cavity of my aforesaid co-pending patent application Ser. No. 422,594. The resonant cavity described and disclosed therein, is a result of the discovery that when the distance between two stationary bodies is equal in wavelength to the frequency of the movement of an object going back and forth therebetween, the movement of the object will go into resonance. The motion is greatly enhanced and with a repetitive sustained force. The principle applied to the hydrogen and oxygen gas generator of the present invention results in the movement of the water molecules and the atoms to an attractive field will be greatly enhanced when the frequency of the back and forth movement is matched to the wavelength of the distance between the pair of plate exciters.
The amplitude is increased to the minimum for resonance. The voltage amplitude thereafter is maintained at the minimum and raised from the minimum for an increase in gas generation. The minimum is the lower gradient level illustrated in the waveforms of the figures. Since resonance is a matter of matching a physical distance with frequency of the back and forth motion over that distance, matching the particular frequency to the particular wavelength, can be with either dc voltage pulses or the duty cycle pulses.
The resonant cavity is depicted in FIG. 4 pictorially. It is understood that the exciter plates 50a-50n of FIG. 1 become resonant cavities by matching the distance between the exciters to a pulse frequency of the same wavelength.
In FIG.在FIG。 4 and 4C, the duty cycle pulses are matched in pulse repetition rate to the plate distance. In FIG.在FIG。 4A and 4B, the frequency of the pulsed dc voltage is matched to the distance in wavelengths of the plate exciters. With the frequency of one of the set of pulses matched to the resonant wavelength, the frequency of the other set of pulses is varied to further control the electron leakage and/or to vary the rate of generation of the gasses.
Referring again to FIG. 6, attention is directed to the resonant cavity depicted therein pictorially. The resonant cavity would be the plate exciter of FIG. 1 or any other plate exciter wherein the frequency of the pulses of the applied voltage is matched in wavelength to the distance between the exciter plates
The SCR diode is a duty cycle pulse former much in the same manner as the pulse former 27 of FIG. 1. 1。 The SCR diode 90 is operational in a conventional manner and the diode 91 is a conventional blocking diode. The operation and function of the resonant cavity is much in the same manner as that of FIG. 1 plate exciters 50a-50n.
In a Hydrogen Resonant Cavity Furnace, the pulse repetition rate is matched to the wavelength distance between the two exciter plates to maximize the rate of generation to voltage amplitude. The flame is pulsed form a first gradient level to a lower gradient level--but not off. The lower gradient level is sufficient to maintain at all times the amplitude to sustain resonance.
The waveform is shown in FIG. 4. 4。 The lower level amplitude Va is not OV the zero level; the amplitude level Va is sufficient to maintain resonance with a matched repetition rate of the duty cycle pulses.
In FIG.在FIG。 6, the programmable switch circuit 79 is for variable inputs to a utilitarian device, such as the aforesaid furnace or the automobile hydrogen engine disclosed and claimed in my co-pending patent application Ser. No. 478,207. In the practical working embodiments the demand may be for hot water, heat, singly or together; and in the automobile the rate of acceleration; or simply the control of the flame size.
The increments of heat, acceleration, or flame size are controlled by the triacs 91, 92, 93, and 94, connected across the secondary winding and to taps on the secondary winding of the input transformer.
Synchronized with the voltage level control of the switching of the duty cycle pulse, is variable pulse circuit 97. The switch 95 provides the demand control to be programmed, that is, the voltage amplitude and the duty cycle pulses. The SCR switching circuit 90 converts the dc voltage pulse output of the rectifier 15 to duty pulses. The duty cycle pulse being variable in pulse repetition rate to match the distance in wavelength of the spacing of the plate exciters 86 and 87. Diode 98 is a blocking diode.
Although certain and specific embodiments have been shown the invention is not to be limited thereto. Significantly, the relatively small increase in voltage for a very appreciable gas generation upon resonance has extended applications to other uses of the hydrogen and oxygen gas generator. The control of the electron leakage is especially applicable to systems and processes wherein the potential is voltage dependant with no or little current.
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:15
USP # 4,613,304 美国药典#4613304
Gas Electrical Hydrogen Generator 燃气电气氢气发生器
Stanley Meyer 赤柱迈耶
(September 23, 1986) (1986年9月23日)
Abstract -- A hydrogen gas generator system for converting water into hydrogen and oxygen gasses, in combination with a magnetic particle accelerator for voltage/current electrical potential generation. 摘要-阿氢气氧气气体发生器系统和水转化成氢气的组合,与一个电压磁粒子加速器/电流电位一代。 The hydrogen gas generator encompasses an array of plates immersed in a housing and having natural water pass therethrough.该氢气发生器涵盖了住房数组沉浸在板并具有天然水通过穿过结构。 Direct current, voltage dependant/current limited, potential applied to the plates causes the hydrogen/oxygen gasses to disassociate from the water molecule.直接电流,电压依赖/电流限制,适用于可能导致板块分子氢/氧气气体,以脱离水。 The upper portion of the container is a hydrogen/oxygen mixture collection chamber for maintaining a predetermined gas pressure.该容器的上部部分,是维护一个预定的气体压力氢/氧混合收集室。 There is introduced into the hydrogen/oxygen collection chamber, from a source, a substantial quantity of permanently magnetically polarized particles.有引入氢/氧极化粒子收集室,从源头永久磁性,相当数量的影响。 Attached to the gas collection chamber outlet is a non-magnetic, non-conductive closed loop of tubing.附着在气体收集室插座是一种非磁性,不导电的油管闭环。 The polarized magnetic particles are caused to circulate in the closed loop tubing by an electrical and/or mechanical pump.两极的磁性粒子所造成的封闭循环和电气回路油管由/或机械泵。 A pick-up coil wound around the tubing will have a voltage induced therein as the magnetic field of the polarized magnetized gas particles pass therethrough.回升线圈管伤口周围有气体粒子的磁化引起的极化电压其中的磁场穿过结构的通行证。 The induced voltage has utilization as an electrical power source.该感应电压源的利用已成为电力。 In that the hydrogen/oxygen gasses are not polarized the gasses will seek a pressure release via an outlet.在这种氢/氧气气体不是两极分化的气体将寻求通过一个出口压力释放。 The hydrogen and oxygen gasses may be utilized such as in a burner system.氢气和氧气的气体可能是利用,比如在燃烧器系统。
Inventors: Meyer; Stanley A. (3792 Broadway, Grove City, OH 43123)发明者:迈耶;赤柱答:(3792百老汇,格罗夫市,俄亥俄州43123)
Appl.耳目一新。 No.:  668577编号:668577
Filed:  November 5, 1984归档:1984年11月5日
Current US Class: 431/354; 204/155; 976/DIG427 当前美国类别:354分之 431;一百五十五分之二百○四; 976/DIG427
Intern'l Class: F23D 014/62 Intern'l 类别:F23D 014/62
Field of Search: 431/258,2,6,12,356,354 204/155,129,72,243 M,DIG. 现场搜索:二百五十八分之四百三十一,2,6,12,356,354 一百五十五分之二百○四,129,72,243男,挖。 5,DIG. 5,挖。 6,126,129 6126129
References Cited 引用引用
US Patent Documents 美国专利文献
3,969,214 Jul., 1976 Harris 204/129. 3969214 7月,1976年哈里斯一百二十九分之二百〇四。
4,255,403 Mar., 1981 Mayer et al. 4255403 3月,1981年梅耶等人。 204/155.一百五十五分之二百零四。
4,338,919 Jul., 1982 Hwang 126/436. 4338919 7月,1982年黄禹锡四百三十六分之一百二十六。
4,369,102 Jan., 1983 Galluzzo et al. 4369102 1月,1983年加卢佐等。 204/129.一百二十九分之二百○四。
4,421,474 Dec., 1983 Meyer 431/354. 4421474 12月,1983年迈耶三百五十四分之四百三十一。
4,465,964 Aug., 1984 Cover 204/129. 4465964 8月,1984套一百二十九分之二百〇四。
Description 描述
CROSS REFERENCE AND BACKGROUND 交叉参考和背景
There is disclosed in my co-pending patent application, filed, Sept. 16, 1981, US Ser.有披露我的合作有待专利申请,存档,1981年 9月16日,美国辑。 No. 302,807, for Hydrogen Generator, a hydrogen gas generating system.第三○二八○七,氢发生器,一个氢气发电系统。 The apparatus comprises a pressure tight enclosure for a water bath having immersed therein an array of plates.该仪器包括一个水洗澡气密外壳有沉浸其中一板阵列。 The hydrogen and oxygen atoms are disassociated from the water molecule by the application of a non-regulated, non-filtered, dc voltage/current limited potential to the plates having natural water pass therebetween.氢与氧的原子是通过therebetween脱离天然水从水分子的电压由应用程序的非规范,非过滤,直流/电流限制有潜力的板块。 The plates, as well as the housing, are non-oxidizing, non-corrosive, non-reactive, and of similar material.板块,以及房屋,属非氧化,不腐蚀,不反应,和类似的材料。 The upper portion of the container is a hydrogen/oxygen storage chamber for maintaining a predetermined level of pressure.该容器的上半部分是一个预定的水平压力氢 /氧气维持储存室。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:16
In my co-pending patent application, Ser.我公司正在申请专利的申请,丝氨酸。 No. 411,977, for, Controlled Hydrogen Gas Flame, filed, Aug. 25, 1982, there is disclosed a hydrogen gas burner.号 411977,适合控制氢气火焰,存档,1982年8月25日,有披露了氢气燃烧器。 The nozzle in the burner is connected to the storage area or gas collection chamber via an appropriate line.燃烧器喷嘴的连接到存储区或气体收集室通过一个适当的行。 The port in the nozzle has an opening of a controlled size and configuration, related to the size of the flame and the temperature and velocity of the burning gas mixture.喷嘴端口配置中有一个开放的控制规模,以及相关的混合物大小的火焰和高温气体和燃烧的速度。
Also, in my co-pending patent application, Ser.另外,在我公司正在申请专利的申请,丝氨酸。 No. 367,051, for Electrical Particle Generator, filed Apr. 4, 1982, there is disclosed an electrical generating system that is utilized in combination with the aforesaid hydrogen/oxygen generator.第367051发生器,电粒子,提交1982年4月4日,有公开的电气发电系统,利用上述氢结合使用/氧气发生器。
OBJECTS 物体
It is a principal object of the present invention to provide a hydrogen gas electrical generator capable of producing a voltage/current much greater in magnitude hereintofore possible.这是一个本发明的主要目的是提供一个可能的氢气发电机能够产生电压/电流在更大程度hereintofore。
Another object of the present invention is to provide such a hydrogen gas electrical generator utilizing magnetized elements and wherein the magnetized particles are accelerated in a closed loop tubing to induce a voltage/current in a pick-up winding.另一个对象本发明是提供这种氢气发电机利用磁化磁化元素和其中的粒子加速缠绕在了闭环管诱使接电压/电流在1 -。
Another object of the present invention is to provide such an electrical generator in combination with a controlled output hydrogen generator.另一个对象本发明是提供一个氢发生器控制这种发电机的输出相结合。
Another object of the present invention is to provide such an electrical generator that utilizes readily available components that are adaptable to a simplified embodiment.另一个对象本发明是提供这种发电机,可利用现成可用的组件简化体现是适应1。
SUMMARY OF INVENTION 发明概要
The present invention utilizes the basic principle of inducing a voltage current in a pick-up winding by passing a magnetic element therethrough in combination with a hydrogen gas generator.本发明利用了气体发生器的基本原则的选择诱使电压,电流在氢元素组合起来用在蜿蜒穿过结构通过传递一个磁性。 The particle accelerator utilizes the principles of my co-pending application Ser.利用粒子加速器的应用丝氨酸的原则,我公司正在申请。 No. 367,051, and the hydrogen generator is particularly that of my co-pending patent application, Ser.号367051,和氢发生器是我的合作特别是正在申请专利的申请,丝氨酸。 No. 302,807.第三○二八○七。
The hydrogen gas generator encompasses an array of plates immersed in housing having natural water pass therethrough.该氢气发生器包括一个穿过结构数组通过水的自然板块沉浸在拥有住房。 Direct current, voltage dependant/current limited, potential applied to the plates causes the hydrogen/oxygen gasses to disassociate from the water molecule.直接电流,电压依赖/电流限制,适用于可能导致板块分子氢/氧气气体,以脱离水。 The upper portion of the container is a hydrogen/oxygen collection chamber for maintaining a predetermined gas pressure including an outlet means.该容器的上半部分是气体的压力包括出口氢/氧仓保持预定的手段。
There is introduced into the hydrogen/oxygen collection chamber from a source a substantial quantity of permanently magnetically polarized particles. The particles dispersed in the collection chamber will superimpose themselves on the generated hydrogen/oxygen gasses.有引入氢/氧仓从源一极化粒子数量庞大的永久磁性。腔的颗粒分散在气体收集将自己的叠加产生氢气/氧气。 Attached to the gas collection chamber outlet is a non-magnetic/non-conductive closed loop of tubing. The polarized magnetic particles are caused to circulate in the closed loop tubing by an electrical and/or mechanical pump.附着在气体收集室的出口是一个non-magnetic/non-conductive管闭环。两极的磁性粒子所造成的封闭循环和电气回路油管由/或机械泵。 Due to the alignment and the attraction of the particles, the particles movement through the loop is continuous.由于路线和吸引力的粒子,粒子运动的循环是通过连续的。 A pick-up coil wound around the tubing will have a voltage induced therein as the polarized magnetized gas particles pass therethrough.回升线圈绕油管将引起另一方的电压极化磁化气体粒子通过穿过结构。 The induced voltage has utilization as an electrical power source.该感应电压源的利用已成为电力。 In that the hydrogen/oxygen gasses are not polarized the gasses will seek a pressure release via an outlet.在这种氢/氧气气体不是两极分化的气体将寻求通过一个出口压力释放。 The hydrogen and oxygen as may be utilized such as in a burner system.氢气和氧气的可能利用,比如在燃烧器系统。
Other objects and features of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the drawings in which:其他对象和特点,本发明将成为明显的从下面详细介绍这些步骤时,在联同图纸:
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:16
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS 简要说明图纸
FIG.国际体联。 1 is a simplified illustration of the principles of the invention, in cross-section showing the electrical particle voltage/current generator together with the hydrogen generator in a preferred embodiment. 1是一个简化的原则,说明发明的部分,在跨电粒子显示电压/电流发生器体现连同首选的氢发生器研究。

FIG.国际体联。 2 is a magnetic particle tubing, in an electrical schematic circuit arrangement, illustrating the induced direct and alternating current voltage.二是磁性粒子油管,在电气原理电路的安排,说明引起的直接和交流电电压。

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS图纸的详细描述
Referring now to FIG.现在谈到国际体联。 1 there is illustrated the invention of the preferred embodiment in a simplified schematic arrangement.一有插图的安排体现在简化原理图发明的首选。 The generator 10 comprises an airtight pressure housing 15 of non-corrosive, non-oxydizing, non-reactive material.该发电机10包括一个密闭的压力住房15无腐蚀性,非oxydizing,非反应性物质。 The housing 15 is filled with natural water of a predetermined level.住房15充满了预定水平的天然水。 Immersed in the water 12 is an array of plates 14.在水中浸泡12板14是一个数组。
In the preferred embodiment of the invention of FIG.在国际体联的发明首选体现。 1, as disclosed in my co-pending application Ser. 1,在我所披露的合作有待应用辑。 No. 302,807, the plates 14 are in pairs of similar non-corrosive, non-oxydizing, non-reactive material.第三○二八○七,14板块材料的反应对类似的非腐蚀性,非 oxydizing,非。 A variable voltage source 16 having circuitry to restrict the amperage comprises additionally a pair of terminals connecting a positive and negative voltage to alternate plates 14 in the pair.一个可变电压源电路,有16安培数限制包括另外一对配对的正面和负面的电压,以替代14板终端连接。 The applied potential to the plates causes the hydrogen and oxygen atoms to disassociate themselves from the water molecule.应用潜力的板块导致氢原子和氧分子要脱离自己的水。
The released hydrogen gas depicted as particles 20a xxx 20n and oxygen gas particles 22a xxx 22n are collected and stored in the chamber 23 together with other released gasses such as nitrogen 21a xxx 21n.被释放的氢气气体粒子20A的极限特工描绘为20牛顿和氧粒子22A条极限特工22n收集和氮储存在会议厅23日公布连同其他气体21A条极限特工21n。
The loop arrangement of tubing 50 has wound thereon a substantial number of turns 60a xxx 60n in a winding 60.油管安排了50圈就此结束,不少原来的清盘60 60A条极限特工60n研究。 The number and size of the turns is related to the tubing configuration and voltage/current output as setforth in my co-pending application.原来的数量和大小的是有关油管配置和电压合作有待应用/电流输出,在我的概念公告。 The magnetically charged particles traveling with a high accelerated velocity pass through the tubing 50.带电粒子的磁性行驶速度与高加速穿过油管50。 As the magnetically charged particles pass through the core of the winding 60, their magnetic field 36a traverses the windings 60a xxx 60n, and induces a voltage/current therein.由于磁性带电粒子穿过蜿蜒穿越核心的60个,其磁场绕组36A条第 60A极限特工60n,并诱导电压/电流的地方。 The output voltage/current is utilized via terminals 70-72.输出电压/电流是利用通过终端70-72。
As aforesaid, the storage chamber 23 is maintained at a predetermined pressure; and once the pressure is attained the hydrogen/oxygen gasses will be expelled into outlet line 25 with a substantial velocity.正如前述,储存室23个,是维持在预定的压力,一旦压力达到了氢/氧气气体将被驱逐到25个插座符合实质性速度。 The pressure released gas mixture continues through the entire loop arrangement of tubing 50.混合气体的压力释放继续通过油管50整个循环的安排。
Upon demand for the flame, (such as for heat) from demand circuit 65, the valve 37 is opened causing the gas mixture circulating in closed loop 50 to be released to the nozzle 40 and provide the flame 45 upon ignition.当火焰的需求(如高温)从需求电路65,37阀打开混合气体造成50循环闭环被释放到喷嘴40个,并提供45点火后的火焰。
The hydrogen/oxygen gasses having the particles superimposed therein will separate and be pressure released via tubing 35 to the nozzle 40. In that the magnetic fields of the polarized particles provide an attractive force, the motion of the polarized particles through the closed loop 50 will be greater than the gas mixture pressure release.在氢/氧气气体粒子具有叠加其中将有40个独立的喷嘴释放压力的35家,通过油管。在这极化粒子磁场的提供一个有吸引力的力量,通过50项议案闭环极化粒子将比混合气体释放更大的压力。 That is, with the valve 37 open the hydrogen/oxygen gasses will separate themselves from the polarized particles.这是37岁,与阀门打开氢/氧气气体会从自己单独的粒子极化。 The hydrogen/oxygen gasses will go via 35 to nozzle 40 whereas the polarized particles will continue to circulate through the closed loop.在氢/ 氧气气体将通过35极化粒子喷嘴40个,而将继续流通,通过封闭的循环。 The chamber 23 further includes switch means 57 to shut off the electrical source 16 to the generator system when the pressure in the chamber 23 sensed by pressure gauge 55, achieves a predetermined level.美国商会 23日还包括57至开关手段切断电源,发电机系统16至23时55分庭压力感应到压力表,达到了预定的水平。
In the operation of the hydrogen generator as a burner, as disclosed in the co-pending patent application Ser.在燃烧器的操作作为一个氢发生器,在合作所披露待批专利申请辑。 No. 411,797, the outlet tube 25 is connected directly to the nozzle 40 to obtain the flame 45 upon ignition. The operation of the gas burner is not altered in the present invention. 411797号,出口25管直接连接到喷嘴40至45时取得的火焰点燃。运作的气体燃烧器是在不改变目前的发明。
The housing 15 further comprises an inlet 34 having source 36 connected thereto.住房还包括一个15进34的来源有36个与此有关。 This permits the entry into the chamber 23 of a substantial amount of permanently polarized magnetized particles 36a xxx 36n.这允许永久极化磁化进入会议厅的数量可观的23粒36A条极限特工36n。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:16
The polarized particles 36a xxx 36n upon entry into the chamber 23 superimpose themselves on the hydrogen/oxygen gasses.极化粒子进入会议厅,第 36A项极限特工36n时23若将气体本身对氧氢/。
Upon demand, as set forth below, the opening of the valve 37 causes a pressure differential with the gasses collected in the chamber 23.当需求,提出以下时,阀门开的37个原因总商会23日在收集气体压力差的。 In this way the gasses having the polarized particles superimposed thereon will be pressure released and caused to enter the closed loop 50.在这50路的气体压力将具有极化粒子就此发表的叠加,导致进入闭环。
Once in the closed loop the accelerator 45 will maintain the gasses and the superimposed polarized particles in a continuous circulating motion through the closed loop 50.一旦闭环加速器将保持45气体和微粒在运动叠加极化连续循环通过闭环50。
Connected to the outlet tubing 25 is a series of loops of non-magnetic tubing 50.连接到插座油管25是50系列管材的环非磁性。 The tubing in its loop configuration can be any one of the arrangements illustrated in my co-pending patent application, supra.配置油管在循环可以是任何一个应用程序前,专利的安排显示了我的合作悬而未决。 The opposite end 51 of the loop 60 tubing is connected, via a Y connection, either to the burner assembly 40, via line 35, or a return line 42 to the storage 30. chamber 23.在另一端的60个循环51管连接,通过一个Y接,要么燃烧器装配40,通过线35 条,第42行或返回到存储30。室23。
It is to be appreciated that a miniscule amount of polarized particles will be carried into the outlet 35 as well as hydrogen/oxygen gas continuing to circulate through the closed loop.这是值得赞赏的是,极化粒子的微量氢将进行到35插座以及/氧气继续通过闭环流通。 In the event the amount of polarized particles expended should become significant, the quantity of particles will be replenished from source 32.在事件的支出数额极化粒子应该成为显着,粒子数量为32补充源。
Upon satisfaction of the demand, the valve 37 will close and thereby cause the gas mixture circulating through closed loop 50 to return to the collection chamber 23 via close loop line 42.当满足需求的,将关闭37个阀门,从而导致通过闭环50混合气体循环回用闭环线42条,收集室23。 In this arrangement the pump 45 will continue to be operative and cause a continuous circulation of the polarized particles through the closed loop.在这种安排下泵45将继续执行并导致闭环极化粒子通过一个不断循环。 If the gas in the collection chamber is of the preset pressure, as sensed at gauge 55, the voltage via terminal 16 will be cutoff discontinuing the generation of gas.如果在收集室气体压力的预设,55感觉到衡量,16电压通过终端将截止中断天然气生成。
With hydrogen/oxygen gas mixture demand circuit quiescent, the polarized particles will not be separated from the hydrogen/oxygen gasses at the outlet 35.随着氢/氧气混合气体的需求电路静态,极化粒子不会脱离气体氢/氧气在出水口35。 The pump 45 is a continuous pump and thereby continuous to circulate through the closed loop 50 the polarized particles superimposed on the gas mixture from chamber 23.该泵是连续45泵,从而连续50分发通过闭环由室23极化气体混合物的颗粒叠加。
The magnetized particle source 32 is operative to transform a material into minute vapor particles that are capable of being permanently polarized magnetically.磁化粒子的来源,是执行32极化磁转变成一分钟的蒸汽颗粒物质是能够被永久。 The vapor, in the nature of a gas will superimpose on the hydrogen/oxygen gas.蒸气,气体的性质在一个将叠加在氢/氧气。
With particular reference to FIG.并特别提到国际体联。 2 there is illustrated, partly in schematic and partly pictorial the preferred embodiment of the invention.二是有说明,部分在原理图和部分图案体现了发明的首选。
Initially is is noted that the pump 45 of FIG.最初的是指出,国际体联泵45。 1 has been replaced by the electrical particle accelerator 46. 1已取代电粒子加速器46。 The accelerator 46 is a non-mechanical/no moving part element and therefore not subject to wear.该加速器是46元一个non- mechanical/no运动部件,因此不会受到磨损。 It is to be recalled, polarized particles have placed there on a magnetic field potential. Hence, as the magnetized particles approach the accelerator 46 they are attracted and as they pass the center of the accelerator and they are propelled therethrough.这是应该记得,极化粒子放在一个有潜力的磁场。因此,作为磁化粒子加速器46他们的做法是吸引,因为他们通过加速器中心的地位,他们是推动穿过结构。
Other propulsion means in lieu of the pump 45 of FIG.其它驱动是指在规定的45国际体联泵代替。 1 or the accelerator 46 of FIG. 1或加速器46国际体联。 2 may be utilized. 2可能得到利用。
As noted in the aforesaid co-pending patent application, the induced current/voltage can be, at the ouput 70-72, either direct current, or alternating current, or both.正如所指出的上述申请的合作有待专利,感应电流/电压可以,在输出中 70-72,无论是直接电流或交流,或两者兼而有之。 With reference to FIG.关于国际体联。 2, the simplified schemetic illustrates a direct current voltage 4 parallel winding and an alternating current 75 in serial winding. 2,简化schemetic说明了一个直流电压4平行绕组和交变电流绕组75系列。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:16
The number of coils 74a xxx n of direct current windings of coil 74 will determine the ripple frequency of the direct current voltage and its amplitude.线圈数的74 74A条直流线圈绕组极限特工氮,将决定其振幅纹波频率的直流电压和。 Similarly, the number of alternating current windings 75a xxx n will determine the alternating frequency of the alternating current voltage and its amplitude.同样,在n数交流电线圈75A条极限特工将决定其振幅交替频率的交流电电压。
More importantly, the aforesaid ripple frequency of the single polarity voltage of coil 74 and alternating frequency of the alternating voltage of coil 75 can be altered, varied, and controlled.更重要的是,上述纹波频率的74 个单线圈极性的电压和频率的交替75线圈的交流电压可以改变,更改,和控制。 That is, the frequency is a function of the number of discrete windings of the coils times the velocity of the gas per second.也就是说,频率是每一个函数的第二个天然气数量离散绕组的线圈速度倍。 The velocity of the polarized particles in tubing 50, in turn, is varied by varying the magnitude of the input voltage to the accelerator 46.极化粒子在管道转弯速度50,在,是通过改变不同的输入电压大小的加速器 46。 Simply an arithmetical increase in acceleration of the polarized particles results in a geometrical increase in frequency an amplitude of the ouput voltage from either the direct current winding 74 or the alternating current winding 75.只需一电压算术输出中增加的加速粒子的极化结果在几何指数的上涨幅度或频率为直流74或绕组线圈的交变电流75。
In the co-pending application, supra, for the Electrical Particle Generator, the accelerator input voltage source 53 is intended to comprise circuitry to provide alternate forms of electrical power, such as direct current, alternating current, direct current pulsing, and variable voltage.在合作之前输入电压源53个申请,前为电粒子发生器,加速器的目的是提供备用电路,包括各种形式的电能脉冲,如直流电,交流电,直流电,和可变电压。 The output taken at the pick-up windings is related to the input voltage in shape, magnitude and in waveform.输出采取的回升绕组是有关输入电压的形状,大小和波形。
With reference to FIG.关于国际体联。 1 and with continued reference to FIG. 1,持续参考国际体联。 2, the hydrogen/oxygen generator 10, has applied to the plates 14 a direct current voltage. 2,氢/氧气发生器10,已向板14直流电压。 The voltage applied to the plates 14 from power supply 16, depending upon the utility of the generator, may be a variable voltage.电压应用到供应16板14力量,取决于发电机实用的,可能是一个可变电压。 For instance, if it is desired to vary the intensity of the flame 45, the voltage at the plates 14 will be varied.举例来说,如果它需要更改的45个强度的火焰,14电压板块将予以更改。
Further, as specifically repeated, the voltage is current limited. Accordingly, the power source 16 will provide circuitry for varying the voltage to the plates 14 and for restricting the amperage to a neglible value relative to said voltage.此外,作为特别重复,电压电流限制。因此,电源电路16将提供不同的电压为板块和14安培数限制到可以忽略不计值的相对称电压。
In a self-sustaining embodiment of the gas electrical generator, a portion of the output at the voltage taps 70-72 of the pick-up coils is directed back to the power supply 16.在体现在燃气自我维持电力发电机,线圈部分了输出电压水龙头70-72的复苏是直接返回到电源16。 In that the total power requested to be applied to the plates 14 is relatively low, an insignificant portion of the ouput at taps 70-72 is required for sustained operation of the generator.在这总功率要求将适用于14个板块相对较低,在输出中的一个微不足道的部分是在水龙头70-72所需的发电机的持续运作。
The electrical particle portion of the electrical gas generator of the present invention is operative continuously as set forth above.本发明的电粒子气体发电机部分的电器是不断为执行上述规定。 Hence the output voltage at taps 70-72 will be available to the power supply 16 whenever a demand for gas generation is made.因此,水龙头70-72输出电压将提供给电源时16一代的需求是由气体。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:18
US Patent # 4,465,455 美国专利#4465455
Start-up/Shut-down for a Hydrogen Gas Burner Start-up/Shut-down为氢气燃烧器
Stanley Meyer 赤柱迈耶
(August 14, 1984 ) (1984年8月14日 )
Abstract -- System for flame start-up/shut-down for a hydrogen gas mixture burner. 摘要- start-up/shut-down系统的火焰的燃烧氢气的混合物。 An electrical probe igniter positioned adjacent the gas port outlet.一个电子点火器探头位置邻近港口的天然气出口。 On demand the igniter is actuated to heat and electrically heat a thermal switch.关于需求驱动的点火器是热和电加热的热交换。 Responsive electronic controls actuate the appropriate valves and circuits for operational start-up.响应相应的电子控制阀门和开动了电路业务的启动。 Upon the ignition of the generated hydrogen gas mixture, a second thermal probe is heated by the flame to deactivate the ignition and start-up circuits.当探针点火产生的氢气的混合物,第二热是由火焰加热至停用点火和启动电路。 After demand the second thermal probe cools and the circuit is restored for start-up again. A safety probe positioned in the flame is quiescent.需求后,第二热棒冷却,电路恢复了用于启动一次。一个安全的火焰探头定位,是静态。 In the event of demand time shut-down, the safety probe will activate the circuits for restart. If failure to start-up continues for a predetermined time, the safety probe circuit will effect permanent shut-down.在当时的事件需求的关闭,安全探测器将激活重新启动电路。若未能启动时间将继续为预定的安全探测电路将实行永久的关闭。
Inventors: Stanley A. Meyer (3792 Broadway Blvd., Grove City, OH 43123)发明家:赤柱答迈耶(3792百老汇大道。,格罗夫城,俄亥俄州43123)
Appl.耳目一新。 No.:  422875编号:422875
Filed:  September 24, 1982归档:1982年9月24日
Current US Class: 431/27; 431/66; 431/70; 431/78当前美国类别:27分之431;六十六分之四百三十一;七十分之四百三十一;七十八分之四百三十一
Intern'l Class:  F23N 005/00 Intern'l类别:F23N 005/00
Field of Search:  431/27,46,66,67,69-71,72,74,78-80 123/3,1 A,DIG. 12 204/129现场搜索:二十七分之四百三十一,46,66,67,69 - 71 ,72,74,78 - 80 123 / 3,1甲,挖。12一百二十九分之二百○四
References Cited 引用引用
US Patent Documents 美国专利文献
USP # 2,954,080 Sep., 1960 Prouty et al.美国药典#二百九十五万四千〇八十九月,1960普劳蒂等。 431/67. 67分之431。
3,086,583 Apr., 1963 Rerchow 431/46. 3086583 4月,1963年Rerchow四十六分之四百三十一。
3,980,053 Sep., 1976 Horvath 123/3. 3980053 9月,1976年霍瓦斯三分之一百二十三。
4,056,348 Nov., 1977 Wolfe 431/66. 4056348 11月,1977年沃尔夫六十六分之四百三十一。
Description 描述
CROSS REFERENCES 交叉参考
In the non-electrolysis process disclosed and claimed in my co-pending patent application, Ser.在非电解过程中披露和Ser声称在我公司正在申请专利的申请。 No. 302,807, Filed: Sept. 16, 1981, For:HYDROGEN GENERATOR SYSTEM, for separating hydrogen and oxygen atoms from water, water is passed between two plates of similar non-oxidizing metal.第三○二八○七,归档:1981年9月16日,为:氢气发电系统,用于从水中分离氢,氧原子,水是通过两个金属板之间的类似的非氧化性。 The one plate has placed thereon a positive potential and the other a negative potential from a very low-direct-current power source.放在一个盘有可能就此提出了积极的,另一个是负电位从一个非常低的直流电源。 The sub-atomic action of the direct current voltage causes the hydrogen and oxygen atoms to be separated.直流电压的亚原子行动导致氢原子和氧分离。 The contaminants in the water are forced also to disassociate itself and may be collected or utilized and disposed of.水中的污染物也被迫要脱离,并可能被收集或利用和处置。 This in turn lends the process to recombining the hydrogen and oxygen into pure water.这反过来借给重组的过程中把氧气和氢气纯净水。
The direct current voltage applied to the plates is non-regulated and non-filtered.直流电压应用于板是不规范和非过滤。 The direct current acts as a static force on the water molecules; whereas the rippling direct current voltage acts as a dynamic force. Pulsating the direct current further acts as a dynamic force and enhances considerably the splitting of the atoms from the water molecules.直流分子充当水静力上,而荡漾的直接动力,电流电压充当。脉动直流动力,进一步增强了作为一个大大的分子和***原子的水从。 An increase in voltage potential further increases the hydrogen output.输出电压的增加,氢潜力进一步增加。 Certain plate arrangements and configurations with graphical illustration or relative efficiency are disclosed.某些板块的安排和效率的配置与图形插图或相对披露。
In my co-pending patent application, Ser.我公司正在申请专利的申请,丝氨酸。 No. 422,495, Filed: Sept. 24, 1982, For: PERIODIC FLUSH SYSTEM FOR NON-ELECTROLYSIS HYDROGEN GENERATOR, there is disclosed control apparatus and electrical circuitry for periodically shutting down the hydrogen generator for flushing out the accumulated contamianats. The shut-down is in a sequential step-by-step operation.号 422495,归档:1982年9月24日,为:定期冲水系统的非电解氢发生器,有披露冲洗出来的累积contamianats控制设备和电气线路的氢发电机定期关闭。的关机在一个顺序一步一步的操作。 After the flushing is complete, the hydrogen generator is started up and, again, in a sequential step-by-step operation.完成后冲洗,氢气发生器启动并再次,在一个顺序一步一步的操作。 Although the functions are numerous, the most critical is the opening and closing of the gas valves, and the switching on and off of the electrical circuitry to the exciter elements.虽然功能很多,最关键的是开幕式和闭幕式的气体阀门,并打开和关闭电器电路的激励因素。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:18
BACKGROUND 背景
Heating and air environmental systems of the prior art have included sensing systems for flame-out, power loss or the like.系统的现有技术加热和空气环境包括传感系统像火焰,电源损失或。 These systems do provide some form of shut-down upon occurrence of a malfunction.这些系统也提供了一些故障形式的关闭给羽绒时发生。
However, the prior art systems are either of gas, oil, or electrical. Although a gas or oil furnace will utilize electrical circuitry for a blower, the energy, whether gas, oil, or electric, is supplied either by a utility or in bulk.然而,现有技术系统是不是天然气,石油,或电鼓风机。尽管天然气或石油为一炉将利用电气电路,能源,无论是天然气,石油,或电动,是可以通过提供一种实用工具或散装。 None of the prior art systems generate the energy that is used in the heating or air control system.没有系统的现有技术产生的能量控制系统是用于加热或空气。 Accordingly, no monitoring systems for the generator systems are known in the prior art, that are applicable heating or air control systems.因此,发电机系统没有监控系统是事先已知的艺术,这是适用加热或空中管制系统。
SUMMARY OF INVENTION 发明概要
The present invention in its preferred embodiment provides a monitoring system and a start-up/shut-down circuitry and apparatus for a hydrogen gas burner.本发明的首选体现在其提供start-up/shut-down电路和设备的氢气燃烧监测系统和一个。 The system is distinctive in that the hydrogen generator is a demand system; that is, hydrogen gas is generated only when the thermostat (or other gauge) dictates the energy is needed.该系统是在该系统独特的氢发生器是一种需求,也就是说,生成氢气只有在恒温器(或其他计)决定了能量是必要的。 Accordingly, the start-up is the start-up of the energy generating system and thereafter starting the igniter to ignite the hydrogen gas mixture.因此,启动是启动能源发电系统,随后开始点火器点燃氢气的混合物。 Further, although the prior systems start-up on demand; none have a need for periodic shut-down.此外,尽管先前的系统启动需求上,都没有一个下来需要定期关。
The present invention is a start-up/shut-down system for an energy generator and for the utilization of the energy generated.本发明是一种能源发电机 start-up/shut-down系统一,为能源利用生成的。 The function in addition to demand is periodic.需求函数除了是周期性的。 Then, again, the same procedure is followed upon the occurrence of malfunction.然后,再次,是遵循同样的程序后,故障发生的。
The apparatus comprises an igniter in the flame path that upon actuation heats a thermal probe that controls the electrical/electronic circuitry for opening and closing the various controls and switches.该仪器包括一个路径点火器的火焰加热后驱动的热探头,用于控制电机/电子电路和开关打开和关闭各种控件。 Another probe deactivates the ignition and start-up upon completing the function.另一个探头停用点火和启动功能后,完成了。 A safety probe positioned in the flame path is time controlled to start-up in the occurrence of a flame-out, if failure occurs in the attempt to retract within a given period of time the entire system is shut-down.阿安全探针路径定位在火焰的停机时间控制在启动中,发生了熄火,如果发生故障是在试图收回整个系统在一定期限内的时间关闭的。
OBJECTS 物体
It is a principal object of the present invention to provide a monitoring and control system for start-up and shut-down of an energy generator system.这是一个本发明的主要目的是提供一个监测和控制系统发电机系统启动和能源的关闭一个。
Another object of the present invention is to provide such a control system that is operable upon demand, periodically operable, and operable upon occurrence of a malfunction.另一个对象本发明是提供这样的控制系统,可操作的要求时,定期可操作性,以及故障发生后的一个具有可操作性。
A further object of the invention is for a monitoring and control system that distinguishes between an accidental flame-out and a flame-out caused by malfunction of the system. A的发明进一步对象是一个监测和控制系统,区分出意外熄火,火焰系统造成的故障的影响。
A further object of the invention is for a monitoring and control system that provides a restart function upon accidental flame-out. A的发明进一步对象是一个监测和控制系统,提供一个出意外后,重新启动功能的火焰。
Other objects and features of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the drawings in which:其他对象和特点,本发明将成为明显的从下面详细介绍这些步骤时,在联同图纸:
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:18
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS 简要说明图纸
FIG.国际体联。 1 schematically depicts a preferred embodiment of the invention of a hydrogen gas mixture burner incorporating the features of the invention. 1示意图描绘了一个发明的首选体现了发明的特点结合氢混合气体燃烧器。

FIG.国际体联。 2 is a schematic block diagram of the preferred embodiment in a complete operational generator system. 2是首选的系统原理框图体现在一个完整的业务发电机。

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS 图纸的详细描述
With reference to FIG.关于国际体联。 1 there is a illustrated schematically the mechanical/electrical apparatus of the system of the preferred embodiment of the invention taken in conjunction with the hydrogen generator of my co-pending patent application, supra.一有图解说明了机械/,超电气设备应用中的悬而未决的专利制度合作,我的首选氢发生器所体现的发明一起使用。 In FIG.在FIG。 2 the electrical circuitry and actuating valves and the like are depicted in a sequential schematic block type of arrangement. 2电路及驱动阀等都是在描绘一个连续型的安排示意图块。
Referring to FIG.参考图。 1, together with FIG. 1,连同国际体联。 2, the preferred embodiment of the present invention may now be described. 2,本发明的首选体现了现在可以加以说明。 The thermal probe switch 20, before start-up, is in a normally closed position.热探头开关20,前启动,通常是在一个封闭的位置。 Upon the demand for energy, dictated by the thermostat 10 control, the relay 22 is closed, applying electrical power from source 25 to the electrical spark igniter 30 through the closed thermal probe 20.当能源需求控制10,出于自动调温器,继电器22日关闭,运用源电力从25到30电火花点火器通过封闭的热棒20。 Upon the spark igniter 30 attaining the appropriate temperature, the radiant heat from coil 35 heats the thermal probe 40.火花点火后30个达到适当的温度,线圈由 35辐射热采暖热棒40。
As the thermal probe 40 heats, the normally open switch 45 closes and in turn actuates the electrical control circuit 50.由于热棒40预赛中,常开开关,从而关闭45开动的电气控制电路50。 The control circuit 50 closes the circuit to apply electrical power to the exciters 60 in the non-electrolysis hydrogen generator 105.控制电路50 关闭电源电路适用于以氢发电机励磁105 60非电解。
In sequence, and upon attaining appropriate pressure from the gasses generated as indicated by pressure valve in the hydrogen generator 105, also illustrated in FIG.按顺序排列,并呼吁实现气体产生适当的压力来自105所指出的发电机氢压阀,国际体联也说明研究。 2 in dotted line block, the gas outlet valve 70 is opened, permitting gas to be expelled through a nozzle assembly 80. 2座在虚线的排气阀门打开70,允许被驱逐气体通过喷嘴装配80。
Upon the gas making contact with the heated electrical spark igniter 30, the hydrogen gas mixture, expelled from the controlled port opening in nozzle assembly 80 is ignited into a continuous extremely high temperature flame 90.火花点火后30造气接触加热的电,氢混合气体,开除控制端口80开放喷嘴装配成一个连续90点燃极高温度的火焰。
The thermal probe 95 immediately begins to heat and after attaining the predetermined temperature the fan assembly 75 is actuated by the closure of relay 85. 95,热探头立即开始热后达到预定温度,风扇组装75 85驱动的继电器关闭的。
The flame 90 having been ignited and burning, causes the thermal probe 20 to become heated and thereby opening its relay 15. 90已被火焰点燃并燃烧,使热棒20加热,从而成为开放中继15。 In turn, the voltage applied to the electrical spark igniter 30 is terminated by the open relay 15.反过来,电压应用于电火花点火器30 15终止了开放中继。
Upon the demand from the thermostat 10 being reached the relay 22 is opened thereby cutting off the voltage 25 to the thermal probe switch 20. Sequentially the electrical control circuit 50 opens the circuit providing voltage to the exciters 60; thereby shutting gas outlet valve 70 to terminate the flame 90. 22后的需求正从恒温10达成的继电器打开,从而切断了电压25至20个热探头开关。序列的电气控制电路50打开电路提供电压,励磁60;从而关闭排气阀门70终止火焰90。 Thereafter the circuit is ready for start-up again upon demand from the thermostat 10, as aforesaid.此后,电路开始了准备,再次呼吁10需求的温控器,如上述。
A safety probe 120 is also positioned in the flame 90. 120是一个安全探头也定位在火焰90。 During operation of the system under demand from the thermostat control 10, the probe 120 will remain heated.在系统运作的10岁以下的需求恒温控制,120个探头将继续炽热。 In this condition the attendant relay 130 is inoperative. If for some reason the flame 90 should be extinguished during the demand period the safety probe 120 will quickly cool and in sequence the attendant relay 130 will open.在这种条件下,随之而来的继电器130不起作用。如果由于某种原因,90应该是开放的火焰熄灭时期间的安全需求将迅速冷却探头120和130序列随之而来的将中继。 Relay 130 connected to relay 22 in the power circuit will act in place of the demand thermostat 10, that is, the relay 130 will override the demand thermostat 10.接力130连接到中继电路22的力量将在10日采取行动的要求恒温,即继电器的需求将覆盖130个恒温10。 The circuits and functions will follow as above-described for start-up in the event the flame-out was accidental.该电路和职能将按照上面所述的启动事件的火焰在出了意外。
The safety control system further includes a timer circuit and thermostat 125 that will permit the probe 120 to attain its temperature within a given period of time.安全控制系统还包括一个125定时器电路和温控器的探头,将允许的时间达到120至其指定期限内温度。 If the probe 120 does not attain its temperature the same start-up procedure will follow again, within a given period of time. The timer 125 is so set that unless the probe 120 attains the appropriate temperature within the given period of time the entire circuitry is shut down permanently. This denotes a major failure in the system and not a simple flame-out.如果没有达到120探头其温度相同的启动过程将遵循同样,在一个特定时期。计时器125如此设置,除非达到120探头整个电路的温度范围内给予适当的时间期限永久关闭。这是指一个系统的主要故障,而不是一个简单的火焰来。
Finally, in the unlikely event of pressure build-up upon malfunction, there is provided a safety relief valve 140.最后,在压力万一集结故障时,有提供一个安全释放阀140。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:34
USP 4,421,474 美国药典 4421474
Hydrogen Gas Burner 氢气燃烧器
Stan Meyer 斯坦迈耶
Abstract 抽象
A hydrogen gas burner for the mixture of hydrogen gas with ambient air and non-combustible gasses.阿可燃气体氢气燃烧器的非混合氢气与空气和。 The mixture of gasses when ignited provides a flame of extremely high, but controlled intensity and temperature. The structure comprises a housing and a hydrogen gas inlet directed to a combustion chamber positioned within the housing.在点燃混合气体时,提供了一个非常高的火焰,但强度和温度控制。住房的结构包括一个入口和一个氢气向燃烧室房屋的位置在。 Ambient air intake ports are provided for adding ambient air to the combustion chamber for ignition of the hydrogen gas by an ignitor therein.环境空气进气口提供用于添加燃烧室点火器的点火其中一个氢气气体的空气。 At the other end of the housing there is positioned adjacent to the outlet of the burner (flame) a barrier/heating element. The heating element uniformly disperses the flame and in turn absorbs the heat.在房屋的另一端有定位毗邻元件末端的燃烧器(火焰)的障碍/加热。加热元件均匀分散的火焰,从而吸收热量。 The opposite side to the flame, the heating element uniformly disperses the extremely hot air.对面的火焰,加热元件均匀地分散在极其炎热的空气。 A non-combustible gas trap adjacent to the heating element captures a small portion of the non-combustible gas (burned air). A return line from the trap returns the captured non-combustible gas in a controlled ratio to the burning chamber for mixture with the hydrogen gas and the ambient air.阿非可燃气体陷阱毗邻加热元件捕获空气)的一小部分的非可燃气体(燃烧。A的陷阱回线从返回到燃烧室的混合捕获的非可燃气体的比例控制在同氢气和空气。
Description 描述
CROSS REFERENCE 交叉参考
The hydrogen/oxygen generator utilized in the present invention is that disclosed and claimed in my co-pending patent application, Ser.在氢 /氧气发生器发明利用现在是,披露和Ser声称在我公司正在申请专利的申请。 No.: 302,807, filed: Sept. 16, 1981, for: HYDROGEN GENERATOR SYSTEM.编号:三十○万二千八百○七,提出:1981年9月16日,为:氢气发电系统。 In that process for separating hydrogen and oxygen atoms from water having impurities, the water is passed between two plates of similar non-oxidizing metal. No electrolyte is added to the water.在这一过程中分离杂质氢原子和氧水从有,水是通过两个金属板之间的类似的非氧化性。无电解液添加到水中。 The one plate has placed thereon a positive potential and the other a negative potential from a very low amperage direct-current power source.放在一个盘有可能就此提出了积极的,另一个是负电位从一个很低的安培直流电源。 The sub-atomic action of the direct current voltage on the non-electrolytic water causes the hydrogen and oxygen atoms to be separated--and similarly other gasses entrapped in the water such as nitrogen.无电解水亚原子对行动的直流电压使氢与氧原子分离-如氮等气体同样被困在水中。 The contaminents in the water that are not released are forced to disassociate themselves and may be collected or utilized and disposed of in a known manner.没有公布contaminents是被迫的水,要脱离自己,可能会收集或利用,处置方式在一个已知的。
The direct current acts as a static force on the water molecules; whereas the non-regulated rippling direct current acts as a dynamic force. Pulsating the direct current further enhances the release of the hydrogen and oxygen atoms from the water molecules.直流分子充当水静力上,而没有调节的直接动力,目前波及充当。脉动直流电进一步增强了分子释放氢气的水和氧原子的。
In my co-pending patent application, Ser.我公司正在申请专利的申请,丝氨酸。 No.: 262,744, filed: May 11, 1981, for: HYDROGEN AIRATION PROCESSOR, there is disclosed and claimed the utilization of the hydrogen/oxygen gas generator.编号:262744,提出:1981年5月11日,为:氢AIRATION处理器,并声称有披露利用的氢/氧气发生器。 In that system, the burn rate of the hydrogen gas is controlled by the controlled addition of non-combustible gasses to the mixture of hydrogen and oxygen gasses.在这一系统中,气体燃烧率的氢气气体控制可燃的气体控制除了非氧和氢的混合物。
PRIOR ART 现有技术
The electrolysis process for generating hydrogen and oxygen gas is well known in the art.电解过程中的氧气产生氢气,是众所周知的艺术。 It is, of course, further understood with a proper mixture of oxygen gas, the hydrogen gas is combustible and under ideal conditions a flame, may be had.这是,当然,进一步的理解与气体氢适当的氧气混合气体,是理想的条件下燃烧的火焰,可能有。 Reference is made to US Pat.提到了美国专利。 No. 4,184,931. However, in that the burning velocity of hydrogen is 265-325 cm./sec.编号4184931。然而,在氢燃烧的速度为265-325 cm. /秒。 versus 37-45 cm./sec.与37-45 cm. /秒。 of that of gasoline, the velocity of hydrogen is so great that the hydrogen ensuing from a nozzle will not under ordinary circumstances sustain a flame.汽油认为,氢速度是如此之大,随之而来的氢气喷嘴从不会在一般情况下保持火焰。
Therefore, to sustain a flame at a nozzle attached to a hydrogen generator the burning velocity of the hydrogen gas must be reduced.因此,要保持氢气的火焰在燃烧喷嘴连接到一个氢发生器的速度必须降低。
It has been found that all water in its natural state whether it be tap water, well water, sea water, or fresh water is a saturate of ambient air.人们已经发现,所有国家在其天然水,无论是自来水,井水,海水,或新鲜的水是饱和的空气。 Further, in that ambient air contains a substantial amount of nitrogen, all natural water will have entrapped therein nitrogen.此外,在该环境空气中含有大量的氮,全天然水将包埋其中的氮。 Again, the percentage of nitrogen entrapped in natural water has been determined to be a fixed percentage and very uniform at seventeen (17%) percent -- irrespective of the source of the water or its impurities.同样,氮比例的水在自然包埋已确定是一个固定的百分比在17和非常均匀(17%),百分之-不论杂质源水或它的。 Hence, a natural water gas analysis will show a seventeen percent of nitrogen relative to the hydrogen and the oxygen.因此,一个天然水气分析,可以发现百分之17的氮相对氢气和氧气。
The nozzle connected to the collection chamber via an appropriate line, has a port opening of a controlled size and configuration, related to the size of the flame and the temperature and velocity of the burning gas mixture. To maintain the flame, that is to prevent blowout, additional nozzles are included when the overall flame size is to be increased.喷嘴连接到集合通过一个适当的行腔,有一个开放和配置端口的控制规模,涉及到混合物大小的火焰和高温气体和燃烧的速度。为了保持火焰,这是为了防止井喷,包括额外的喷嘴时,火焰的大小,是整体提高。
SUMMARY OF INVENTION 发明概要
The present invention is for a hydrogen gas burner and comprises a combustion chamber for the mixture of hydrogen gas, ambient air, and non-combustible gasses.本发明是一个氢气燃烧器,它包括可燃气体燃烧室内为氢气的混合物,环境空气,非。 The mixture of gasses is ignited and burns at a retarded velocity rate and temperature from that of hydrogen gas, but at a higher temperature rate than other gasses.该气体混合物的点燃和燃烧速度迟缓率在1和温度从这种氢气,但比其他气体的温度较高速度。
The extremely narrow hydrogen gas mixture flame of very high temperature is restricted from the utilization means by a heat absorbing barrier. The flame strikes the barrier which in turn disperses the flame and absorbs the heat therefrom and thereafter radiates the heat as extremely hot air into the utilization means.在极其狭窄的氢气混合高温火焰是利用非常有限的手段,吸收热量的障碍。火焰攻击的屏障,从而分散和吸收火焰热辐射由此,随后将作为非常热的热空气利用的方式。
Positioned on the opposite side of the heat radiator/barrier is a hot air trap.散热器定位在对面的热/热空气阻隔是一个陷阱。 A small portion of the radiated heat is captured and returned to the combustion chamber as non-combustible gasses.阿热辐射小部分的被捕获并返回燃烧室的可燃气体非。 Valve means in the return line regulates the return of the non-combustible gas in a controlled amount to control the mixture.阀门的手段来控制混合的数额返回行规定的返回的非可燃气体在受控制的。
The present invention is principally intended for use with the hydrogen generator of my co-pending patent application, supra; but it is not to be so limited and may be utilized with any other source of hydrogen gas.本发明主要用于前使用的应用程序,我的氢发生器的合作正在申请的专利,但它并非如此有限,可能是天然气利用氢与任何其他来源。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:34
OBJECTS 物体
It is accordingly a principal object of the present application to provide a hydrogen gas burner that has a temperature controlled flame and a heat radiator/barrier.因此,这是一本申请的主要目的是提供一个氢气燃烧器具有火焰温度控制和热散热器/障碍。
Another object of the present invention is to provide a hydrogen gas burner that is capable of utilizing the heat from a confined high temperature flame.另一个对象本发明是提供一个氢气燃烧火焰是能够利用高温密闭的热量。
Another object of the present invention is to provide a hydrogen gas burner that is retarded from that of hydrogen gas, but above that of other gasses.另一个对象本发明是提供一个氢气燃烧器是智障从这种氢气,但最重要的是其他气体。
Another object of the present invention is to provide a hydrogen gas burner that utilizes the exhaust air as non-combustible gas for mixture with the hydrogen gas.另一个对象本发明是提供一个氢气燃烧器,它利用空气的废气作为非可燃气体与氢气的混合物。
Another object of the present invention is to provide a hydrogen gas burner that is simple but rugged and most importantly safe for all intended purposes.另一个对象本发明是提供一个氢气燃烧器是简单而坚固,最重要的是安全的所有预期的目的。
Other objects and features of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the drawings in which:其他对象和特点,本发明将成为明显的从下面详细介绍这些步骤时,在联同图纸:
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS 简要说明图纸
FIG.国际体联。 1 is an overall crossectional view of the present invention in its most preferred embodiment. 1是一个整体的首选体现crossectional查看其最本发明的研究。

FIG.国际体联。 2 is a graphical illustration of the burning of various standard fuels with that of hydrogen velocities.二是氢速度的图形说明,燃料与燃烧的标准不同。

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION 发明的详细描述
With particular reference FIG.并特别提到国际体联。 1 there is illustrated in a schematic crossection the principals of the present invention.一有示意图说明了校长crossection本发明的。
The structure of the preferred embodiment comprises a housing 10, having an igniter 20 extending through the wall 11 thereof.体现结构的首选包括住房10,其中有一个点火器20 11延伸到墙上。 A combustion chamber 60 positioned within the housing 10 has a first open end 62.燃烧室60 10定位的房屋内有一个62月底首次开放。 A hydrogen gas 72 inlet 30 directs hydrogen gas via port 37 from a source 35 to the inlet 62 of the combustion chamber 68.阿氢气指挥室72进30 68 1氢气通过端口37从源燃烧到35进62。 Also directed to the same inlet 62, and assisted by flanges 64 and 66, is ambient air 70 entering through ports 13 in the housing 10.同时向同一进口62和66 64和协助下法兰,是空气进入港口13 70通过在住房10。
Adjacent the opposite end of the combustion chamber 60 the gas mixture 75 is ignited by the ignitor 20 to produce flame 77.相邻的另一端的混合物75燃烧室60气体点火器点燃了圣火20日至77生产。
The velocity of the flame 77 causes it to strike and penetrate the barrier/radiator 50.火焰速度的77个原因是,罢工和渗透的屏障/散热器 50。 The barrier 50 is of a material, such as metallic mesh or ceramic material, to disperse therein the flame and in turn become saturated with heat. The flame 77 is of a size sufficient to be dispersed throughout the barrier 50, but yet, not penetrate through the barrier 50. 50隔离墙是一个陶瓷材料的材料,如金属网状或分散其中的火焰,从而成为热饱和。火焰77足够是一个大小为50分散在障碍,但仍然,无法穿透通过障碍 50。
Radiated from the surface 52 of the barrier 50 is superheated air 56 (gasses) to be passed on to a utilization device.从 50辐射屏障表面过热空气是52 56(气体)被传递到一个利用设备。
Adjacent to surface 52 of barrier/radiator 50 is a hot air trap 40 with closed loop line 45 returning non-combustible gas 44 to the combustion chamber 60.毗邻面垒52 / 50散热器的热空气过滤器是一个闭环40行45返回的非可燃气体的燃烧44至60室。 Control valve 42 is intermediate the line 45.控制阀42的中间线45。
In operation of the preferred embodiment hydrogen gas, 72, emitted from the nozzle 37 is directed to the combustion chamber 60.在37个操作的首选体现氢气,喷嘴72,排放是针对燃烧室60。 The flanges 64 and 66 on the open end of housing 63 of the combustion chamber 60 enlarges the open end of 62.法兰62 64年底和扩大开放66年底开放63室住房60燃烧。 In the enlargement ambient air from the opening 13 in the housing 10 is also directed to the combustion chamber 60.在房屋周围13 10扩大开放中的空气也向燃烧室60。
The ambient air and hydrogen traverses the opening 43 and further mixes with the non-combustible gas 44 from the closed loop line 45 with the hot air trap 40.周围的空气和氢气遍历开放43和40混合进一步与非可燃气体44陷阱从封闭空气循环线45与热。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:35
The mixture of hydrogen gas 72, ambient air 70, and non-combustible gas 44, is ignited by the ignitor 20 having electrical electrodes 21 and 23. 70个混合氢气72,空气和非可燃气体44,是由点火器点燃后20和23日电电极21。 Upon ignition flame 77 ensues. 77点火后的火焰随之而来。
The mixture is controlled with each of three gasses.该混合物气体控制,每3个。 That is, the line 32 from the hydrogen source 35 has a valve 38 therein for controlling the amount of hydrogen 72 emitted from the nozzle 37.也就是说,源行32名来自35个氢气喷嘴有38个其中37个阀门控制数量从72所排放的氢气。 The opening 13 has a plate adjustment 15 for controlling the amount of ambient air 60 directed to the combustion chamber 60, and the closed-loop line has valve 42, as aforesaid, for controlling the amount of non-combustible gasses in the mixture.开幕第13燃烧室60板调整为15个环境空气量控制在60指示,和闭环线阀42,作为上述混合物,对非可燃气体控制的数额。
It can be appreciated that the temperature of the flame 77 and the velocity of the flame 77 is a function of the percentage of the various gasses in the mixture.可以明白的77个火焰温度和火焰速度77是一个混合功能的各种气体中的百分比。 In a practical embodiment, the flame 70 temperature and velocity was substantially retarded from that of a hydrogen flame per se; but yet, much greater than the temperature and velocity of the flame from the gasses utilized in a conventional heating system.在实际的体现,火焰温度和速度的 70大幅本身智障从每一个氢火焰,但尚未,远远大于系统的温度加热和常规的速度在利用火焰的气体。
To maintain a sufficient pressure for combustion of the hydrogen gas mixture with a minimum of pressure (for safety) and to limit blowout, the nozzle 37 opening 39 is extremely small.要维持一个足够安全的压力,氢燃烧的气体混合物在最低限度,(压力),并限制井喷,喷嘴开放39 37非常小。 As a consequence, if the hydrogen gas were burned directly from the nozzle 37, the flame would be finite in diameter.因此,如果37个氢气被烧毁,直接从喷嘴,火焰将是有限的直径。 Further, its velocity would be so great it is questionable whether a flame could be sustained.此外,它的速度会如此之大,是值得商榷的火焰是否能持续下去。
The mixing of ambient air and non-combustible gas does enlargen the flame size and does reduce its velocity.混合气体的空气和非可燃并enlargen火焰的大小和不降低速度。 However, to maintain a flame higher in temperature and velocity than the conventional gasses, the size and temperature of the flame is controlled by the aforementioned mixture.但是,要保持较高的火焰温度和火焰速度比传统的气体,大小和温度的控制是由上述混合物。
Therefore, to utilize the flame 77 in a present day utilization means, the flame is barred by the barrier 50.因此,要利用今天的火焰77利用的手段,火焰被禁止的障碍50。 The barrier 50 is of a material that can absorb safely the intense flame 77 and thereafter radiate heat from its entire surface 52. 50隔离墙是一个安全的材料,能吸收的强烈火焰,其后77 52热辐射从整个表面。 The material 54 can be a ceramic, metallic mesh or other heat absorbing material known in the art.该材料可以是54陶瓷,金属网或其他吸热材料称为艺术的研究。 The radiated heat 56 is directed to the utilization means. 56的辐射热直接利用的手段。
As aforesaid, the mixture of gasses that are burned include non-combustible gasses.正如前述,被烧毁的混合气体,其中包括属于非可燃气体。 As indicated in the above-noted co-pending patent applications, an excellent source of non-combustible gasses are exhaust gasses.由于气体指出上述表示的合作专利申请,可燃一个很好的来源,非气体的排放。 In this embodiment, the trap 50 entraps the hot air 74 and returns the same, through valve 42, to the combustion chamber 60 as non-combustible gas.在此体现,陷阱50 74陷于热空气并返回相同的,通过阀42,至60燃烧室气体作为不可燃。
With reference to FIG.关于国际体联。 2 there is illustrated the burning velocity of various standard fuels.二是有标准的说明燃料燃烧速度的不同。 It can be seen the common type of fuel burns at a velocity substantially less than hydrogen gas.可以看出,速度氢气大大低于普通型燃料在燃烧。
The ratio of hydrogen with non-combustible oxygen gasses is varied to obtain optimum burning velocity and temperature for the particular utilization. Once this is attained, the ratio, under normal conditions, will not be altered.该气体比氧与氢的非可燃是多种多样的,以取得特定的温度燃烧速度和最佳的利用。一旦达到后,该比率,在正常情况下,都不会改变。 Other uses having different fuel burn temperature and velocity will be adjusted in ratio of hydrogen/oxygen to non-combustible gasses in the same manner as exemplified above.使用有其他不同的燃料燃烧温度和速度将调整氢比例以相同的方式作为例证以上/可燃气体氧非。
Further, perhaps due to the hydrogen gas velocity, there will occur unburnt gas at the flame 77 output.此外,或许由于氢气的速度,将未燃烧的气体发生在77输出的火焰。 The barrier 50, because of its material makeup will retard the movement and entrap the unspent hydrogen gas. 50化妆的障碍,因为它的物质会妨碍运动和坑害未用氢气。 As the superheated air 77 is dispersed within the material 54, the unspent hydrogen gas is ignited and burns therein.由于过热空气分散在77是54的材料,未用氢气是点燃并燃烧的地方。 In this way the barrier 50 performs somewhat in the nature of an after burner.这样,执行的障碍50有点自然一后燃烧器。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:37
USP # 4,389,981 美国药典#4389981
Hydrogen Gas Injector System for Internal Combustion Engine 氢气燃烧发动机喷油系统的内部
Stan Meyer 斯坦迈耶
Abstract  -- System and apparatus for the controlled intermixing of a volatile hydrogen gas with oxygen and other non-combustible gasses in a combustion system. 摘要-系统和仪器的气体燃烧系统控制混杂在一个动荡和其他非可燃气体氢与氧。 In a preferred arrangement the source of volatile gas is a hydrogen source, and the non-combustible gasses are the exhaust gasses of the combustion system in a closed loop arrangement.优先安排在气源的挥发性是氢的来源,非可燃气体的排放是安排在一个封闭的循环气体的燃烧系统。 Specific structure for the controlled mixing of the gasses, the fuel flow control, and safety are disclosed.具体结构的混合气体为控制,燃油流量控制和安全性披露。
Description 描述
CROSS REFERENCES AND BACKGROUND 交叉引用和背景
There is disclosed in my co-pending US patent application Ser. No. 802,807 filed Sept. 16, 1981 for a Hydrogen-Generator, a generating system converting water into hydrogen and oxygen gasses.有披露我的合作正在申请的美国专利申请辑。号802807 9月16日提出,1981年1气体氢发生器,一个发电系统氧气转化成氢气和水。 In that system and method the hydrogen atoms are disocciated from a water molecule by the application of a non-regulated, non-filtered, low-power, direct current voltage electrical potential applied to two non-oxidizing similar metal plates having water passing there-between.在这种制度和方法的氢原子分子disocciated从水权申请一个非规范,非过滤,低,直流电压电位适用于两个非氧化similar通过金属板要有水存在,之间。 The sub-atomic action is enhanced by pulsing the non-regulated and non-filtered direct current voltage.在亚原子操作是提高了脉冲的非规范和非过滤直流电压。 The apparatus comprises structural configurations in alternative embodiments for segregating the generated hydrogen gas from the oxygen gas.该仪器包括氧气气体分离的结构配置生成的氢气用于替代的体现。
In my co-pending patent application filed May 5, 1981, US Ser. No. 262,744 now abandoned for Hydrogen-Airdation Processor, non-volatile and non-combustible gasses are controlled in a mixing stage with a volatile gas.在我的合作有待提出专利申请1981年5月5日,美国辑。号262744现在放弃了氢Airdation处理器,非易失性和非可燃气体的混合阶段控制在一个挥发性气体。 The hydrogen airdation processor system utilizes a rotational mechanical gas displacement system to transfer, meter, mix, and pressurize the various gasses.该系统采用氢气airdation处理器一个旋转机械气体置换系统进行转让,米,搅拌,加压的各种气体。 In the gas transformation process, ambient air is passed through an open flame gas-burner system to eliminate gasses and other present substances. Thereafter the non-combustible gas-mixture is cooled, filtered for impurity removal, and mechanically mixed with a pre-determined amount of hydrogen gas.在天然气转换过程中,空气是通过一个开放的火焰气体燃烧器系统,以消除气体和其他现行的物质。此后,非可燃气体混合物冷却,过滤的杂质去除,并与机械混合预先确定量的氢气。 There results a new synthetic gas.结果有一个新的合成气体。 The synthetic gas formation stage also volume meters and determines the proper gas-mixing ratio for establishing the desired burn-rate of hydrogen gas.合成气的形成阶段,还焚烧量米,并决定利率的氢气适当的气体混合比例,获得期望建立的。 The rotational mechanical gas displacement system in that process determines the volume-amount of synthetic gas to be produced.旋转机械气驱油体系在这一进程决定了合成气容积量产生。
The above-noted hydrogen airdation processor, of my co-pending application, is a multi-stage system having utility in special applications.上述指出氢airdation处理器,我的合作有待应用,是一个多阶段系统,具有特殊的应用工具。 Whereas the hydrogen generator system of my other mentioned co-pending application does disclose a very simple and unique hydrogen generator.鉴于待批的氢气发电系统的应用我的其他提到合作并透露一个非常简单的和独特的氢发生器。
In my co-pending patent application Ser.我公司正在申请专利申请辑。 No. 315,945, filed Oct. 18, 1981 there is disclosed a combustion system having utility in a mechanical drive system.号315945,提交1981年10月18日被披露有一个燃烧系统,具有系统实用的机械传动。 Particularly in one instance to drive a piston in an automotive device.特别是在一个实例来驱动汽车活塞在一个设备上。 There is shown a hydrogen generator for developing hydrogen gas, and perhaps other non-volatile gasses such as oxygen and nitrogen.有表现出氢气氢气发生器的开发,也许其他非挥发性气体,如氮气和氧气。 The hydrogen gas with the attendant non-volatile gasses are fed via a line to a controlled air intake system.氢气的挥发性气体与随之而来的非受够通过系统控制线,以一进气口。 The combined hydrogen, non-volatile gasses, and the air after inter-mixing are fed to a combustion chamber where it is ignited.合并后的氢气,非挥发性气体,空气中后,除混合供给到燃烧室的地方是点燃。 The exhaust gasses of the combustion chamber are returned in a closed loop arrangement to the mixing chamber for the mixture of volatile and non-combustible gasses.室气体的排放的燃烧产生的安排在一个封闭循环的可燃气体混合室,为混合的挥发性和非。 Particular applications and structural embodiments of the system are disclosed.特别是应用程序和系统的结构体现了披露。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:38
SUMMARY OF INVENTION 发明概要
The system of the present invention in its most preferred embodiment is for a combustion system utilizing hydrogen gas; particularly to drive a piston in an automobile device.该系统最喜欢的体现本发明是在其燃烧气体系统的利用氢气;特别是设备驱动汽车活塞在。 The system utilizes a hydrogen generator for developing hydrogen gas.该系统采用氢气氢气发生器,共同发展。 The hydrogen gas and other non-volatile gasses are fed to a mixing chamber also having oxygen fed thereto.氢气和其他非挥发性气体被输入到一个混合室也有氧气美联储注。 The mixture is controlled to regulate the burning temperature; that is, to lower the temperature velocity of the hydrogen gas to that of the commercial fuels. The hydrogen gas feed line to the combustion chamber includes a fine linear control gas flow valve.该混合物的燃烧控制,以调节温度,即降低温度氢气流速对燃料的商业。氢气饲料行到燃烧室包括一个良好的线性控制气体流量的阀门。 An air intake is the source of oxygen and it also includes a variable valve.空气摄入的氧源,它也包括一个可变阀门。 The exhaust gasses from the combustion chamber are utilized in a controlled manner as the non-combustible gasses.气体的排放气体从燃烧室燃烧是利用非在控制方式的。
The hydrogen generator is improved upon to include a holding tank to provide a source of start-up fuel.该氢发生器是改进后的控股坦克包括提供燃料来源的启动。 Also, the hydrogen gas generator includes a switch to the power source operable from one position to another dependant upon a pressure sensing switch on the combustion chamber.此外,氢气发生器包括一个开关电源的位置从一个到另一个可操作性取决于一腔压力感应开关在燃烧。
The simplified structure includes a series of one-way valves, safety valves, and quenching apparatus.简化的结构包括一个阀系列单向阀,安全和淬火设备。 The combination of apparatus comprises the complete assembly for converting the standard automobile engine from gasoline (or other fuels) to the hydrogen gas mixture.该仪器结合汽油引擎包括完整的转换为标准的汽车组装(或其他燃料)的氢气的混合物。
OBJECTS 物体
It is accordingly a principal object of the present invention to provide a combustion system of gasses combined from a source of hydrogen and non-combustible gasses.因此,这是一本发明的主要目的是提供一个气体燃烧系统结合的可燃气体氢的来源和非。
Another object of the invention is to provide such a combustion system that intermixes the hydrogen and non-combustible gasses in a controlled manner and thereby control the combustion temperature.另一个发明的对象是提供这样的燃烧系统,混有可燃气体在受控制的方式和非氢,从而控制燃烧温度。
A further object of the invention is to provide such a combustion system that controls the fuel flow to the combustion chamber in s system and apparatus particularly adapted to hydrogen gas. A的发明进一步对象是提供这样的燃烧系统,控制燃油流量和设备的燃烧室中的系统尤其适合于氢气。
Still other objects and features of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the drawings in which:还有其他的对象和特点本发明将成为明显的从下面详细介绍这些步骤时,在联同图纸:
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS 简要说明图纸
FIG.国际体联。 1 is a mechanical schematic illustration partly in block form of the present invention in its most preferred embodiment. 1块是在机械部分示意图最喜欢的形式体现本发明的。

FIG.国际体联。 2 is a block schematic illustration of the preferred embodiment of the hydrogen injector system of FIG.二是1块国际体联示意图喷射系统中的氢首选的体现。 1. 1。

FIG.国际体联。 3 is the fine linear fuel flow control shown in FIG.三是良好的线性燃料流量控制如图。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:38
1. 1。

FIG.国际体联。 4 is crossectional illustration of the complete fuel injector system in an automobile utilizing the concepts of the present invention.四是喷射系统 crossectional插图完整的燃料在汽车中使用本发明的概念了。

FIG.国际体联。 5 is a schematic drawing in a top view of the fuel injector system utilized in the preferred embodiment.五是体现一个首选的示意图在顶视图中利用系统中的燃料喷射器。

FIG.国际体联。 6 is a crossectional side view of the fuel injector system in the present invention.六是一本侧面喷射系统发明crossectional鉴于燃料。

FIG.国际体联。 7 is a side view of the fuel mixing chamber.七是对燃油侧视图混合室。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:38

FIG.国际体联。 8 is a top view of the air intake valve to fuel mixing chamber.八是对空气进气阀顶视图为燃料混合室。

FIG.国际体联。 9 is a comparison of the burning velocity of hydrogen with respect to other fuels. 9是一个比较燃料燃烧氢的速度相对于其他。

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION TAKEN WITH DRAWINGS 详细描述发明所采取的图样
Referring to FIG.参考图。 1 the complete overall gas mixing and fuel flow system is illustrated together for utilization in a combustion engine particularly an engine utilized in an automobile.一完整的整体煤气混合燃料流系统说明了一起燃烧发动机利用一个特别的汽车引擎利用研究。
With specific reference to FIG.在具体提到国际体联。 1, the hydrogen source 10 is the hydrogen generator disclosed and described in my co-pending application, supra. The container 10 is an enclosure for a water bath 2. 1,氢源10是氢气发生器和超披露的内容,我公司正在申请的申请。容器10是一个2外壳的水洗澡。 Immersed in the water 2 is an array of plates 3 as further described in my co-pending application, supra. 2浸泡在水中,是前3板阵列作为,进一步说明在我的合作有待应用。 Applied to plates 3 is a source of direct current potential via electrical inlet 27.三板的应用是一个潜在的源电流通过电器直接进27。 The upper portion 7 of the container 10 is a hydrogen storage area maintaining a predetermined amount of pressure.上层部分10 7容器是氢的存储区域维持预定数额的压力。 In this way for start up there will be an immediate flow of hydrogen gas.在这样的启动将有一个即时流量氢气。 To replenish the expended water the generator provides a continuous water source 1. Thereafter, the generator is operable as described in the aforesaid patent application.为了补充消耗水生成器提供了一个连续的水源1。此后,该发电机可操作性的应用程序中描述的上述专利。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:39
The safety valve 28 is rupturable upon excessive gas build-up. Whereas the switch 26 is a gas pressure switch to maintain a predetermined gas pressure level about a regulated low-volume.安全阀28 rupturable气体过多时集结26。鉴于开关是一种气体压力开关,以保持既定的天然气量调节压力水平低约1。
The generated hydrogen gas 4 is fed from the one-way check valve 16 via pipe 5 to a gas mixing chamber 20, wherein the hydrogen gas is inter-mixed with non-combustible gasses via pipe line 9 from a source hereinafter described.生成氢气四是美联储从16日单向止回阀通过管道5至20气体混合室,其中的氢气是互相混合的来源以下非可燃气体通过管道9形容。
In the event one way valve 75 should fail and there be a return spark that might ignite the hydrogen gas 4 in the storage area 7 of hydrogen generator 10, quenching assembly 76 will quench the spark and prevent such ignition.在事件单向阀75失败,应该有一个返回火花可能点燃氢气发生器的氢气10 4 7在存储领域,将淬火淬火大会76的火花点火,防止此类。
With particular reference to FIG.并特别提到国际体联。 2 the hydrogen gas via pipe line 5 and non-combustible gasses via pipe line 9 are fed to a carburator (air-mixture) system 20 also having an ambient air intake 14. 2管道9氢气通过管道可燃气体通过5号线和非供给到化油器(空气混合物)系统20也有一空气摄入量14。
The hydrogen gas 4 is fed via line 5 through nozzle 11 in a spray 16 in to the trap area 46 of the mixing chamber 20.这是美联储4氢气通过第11行5到喷嘴中喷射到 16个圈闭面积20 46混合室。 Nozzle 11 has an opening smaller than the plate openings in the quenching assembly 37, thereby preventing flash back in the event of sparking.喷嘴11个具有开放小于37淬火板组装的开口,从而防止引发闪回的事件。 The non-volatile gasses are injected into mixing chamber 20 trap area 47 in a jet spray 17 via nozzle 13. Quenching assembly 39 is operable much in the same manner as quenching assembly 37.非挥发性气体注入到一个射流喷射混合室圈闭面积17 20 47 13通过喷嘴。淬火组装39多是可操作在议会37个同样的方式淬火。
The ambient air is, in the preferred arrangement, the source of oxygen necessary for the combustion of the hydrogen gas.周围的空气是安排,在首选,氧源气体所需的氢气燃烧的。 Further, as disclosed in the aforesaid co-pending application the non-volatile gasses are in fact the exhaust gasses in a closed loop system.此外,由于在申请中披露了上述合作,以待非挥发性气体,实际上是在排气系统气体在封闭的循环。 It is to be understood that the oxygen and/or the non-combustible gasses can be from an independant source.这是可以理解的氧气和/或不可燃气体可以从一个独立来源。
With continued reference to FIG.国际体联持续参考。 2 the gas trap area 47 is a predetermined size.二气圈闭面积47预定大小。 In that hydrogen is lighter than air, the hydrogen will rise and become entrapped in the are 47.在这种比空气轻的氢气,氢气将上升,成为47尚处在中。 The size of area 47 is sufficient to contain enough hydrogen gas for instant ignition upon start up of the combusiton engine. 47个大小的面积足以包含足够的氢气点火瞬间启动时的combusiton引擎。
It will be noted that the hydrogen gas is injected in the uppermost region of the trap area 47.这将是指出,氢气为47注入圈闭面积区域的最上面。 Hydrogen rises at a much greater velocity than oxygen or non-combustible gasses; perhaps three times or greater. Therefore, if the hydrogen gas entered the trap area 47 (mixing area) at its lowermost region the hydrogen gas would rise so rapidly that the air could not mix with the oxygen.氢在上升,可燃气体的速度比氧气大得多或非,也许3倍或更多。因此,如果氢气进入(混合区)在其最低的地区圈闭面积47氢气将上升得如此之快,空气不能与氧气混合。 With the structure shown in FIG.与图中所示的结构。 2 of the trap area 47, the hydrogen gas is forced downwardly into the air intake 15. 47 2陷阱方面,氢气是被迫下调到空气中摄取15。 That is, the hydrogen gas is forced downwardly into the upwardly forced air and readily mixed therewith.也就是说,氢气是被迫下调到空气和易于向上被迫与之混合。
The ratio of the ambient air (oxygen) 14 and the non-combustible gas via line 9 is a controlled ratio and determined by the particular engine. Once the proper combustion rate is determined by the adjustment of valve 95 for varying the amount of the non-combustible gas and the adjustment of valve 45 for varying the amount of the ambient air, the ratio is maintained.氧气比周围空气()14和第9行可燃气体通过非是一比和发动机控制确定由特定的。一旦燃烧率是正确的决定金额调整阀 95个不同的非可燃气体和空气调节阀45的数额不同环境的,这个比例是维持。
In a system wherein the non-combustible gasses are the exhaust gasses of the engine in a closed loop-arrangement, and wherein the air intake is under the control of the engine, the flow velocity and hence the air/non-combustible mixture, is maintained by the acceleration of the engine.在其中一个系统的非可燃气体的排气安排闭环气体发动机在1,和其中的进气发动机的控制下,流动速度,因此空气/非可燃混合物,是维持发动机的加速。
The mixture of air with non-combustible gasses becomes the carrier for the hydrogen gas.该气体混合物的空气与非可燃成为承运人对氢气。 That is, the hydrogen gas is superimposed on the air/non-combustible mixture.也就是说,氢气是叠加在空气/非可燃混合物。 By varying the amount of hydrogen gas superimposed on the air/non-combustible mixture, the rpm of the engine is controlled.通过改变气体量的氢气在空气叠加/非可燃混合物,发动机转速的控制。
Reference is made to FIG.提到了国际体联。 3 illustrating precisely in a side view crossection the fine linear fuel flow control 53. 3,说明正是在侧视图crossection罚款线性燃料流量控制53。 The hydrogen gas 4 enters chamber 43 via gas inlet 41.氢气进入室41 43 4通过进气口。 The hydrogen gas passes from chamber 43.氢气通过由室43。 The hydrogen gas passes from chamber 43 to chamber 47 via port or opening 42.氢气通过从43至腔室通过端口47或42开。 The amount of gas passing form chamber 43 to chamber 47 is controlled by controlling the port opening 42.气体量传递形式腔室43至47是受控制的开港42。
The port opening is controlled by the insertion there through the linearly tapered pin 73.口岸开放是受了73针插入有通过线性渐变。 The blunt end of pin 73 is fixed to rod 71. 73针钝的一端固定在71杆。 Rod 71 passed by supporting O-ring 75, through opening 81 in housing 30, to manual adjustment mechanism 83.通过支持71杆O型环75,通过开放30 81住房,手动调节机制83。
The spring 49 retains the rod 71 is a fixed position relative to the pin 73 and opening 42.春季49保留了71杆的相对位置是固定的引脚73和42开。 Upon actuating the mechanism 83, the pin 73 will recede from the opening 42 there by increasing the amount of gas passing from chamber 43 to chamber 47.当驱动机制83,73针的开放将退出42 47有会议厅,以增加通过量气体室43。
The stops 67 and 69 maintain spring 49 in its stable position.该站67和69 维持其稳定的位置春天49。 The position of the pin 73 in a fixed position relative to opening 42 is adjusted via threaded nuts 63 and 67 on threaded rod 61.中的地位73针的位置相对固定在一个开放42 61通过调整螺母螺纹63杆和67线程。 That is, the threaded adjustment controls the idle speed or permits the minimum amount of gas to pass from chamber 43 to chamber 47 for continuous operation of the combustion engine.也就是说,螺纹调整控制怠速或允许气体通过的最低金额从43室燃烧引擎操作室47个连续的。
Referring now to FIG.现在谈到国际体联。 8 there is illustrated the air adjustment control for manipulating the amount of air passing into the mixing chamber 20. The closure 21 mounted on plate 18 has an opening 17 on end 11 thereof. Slideably mounted over said opening 17 is a plate control 42. 8有20所示的混合室的空气调节操纵控制进入的空气通过的数额。封锁21 18安装在钢板上有11条17月底开幕。Slideably安装在开幕礼时说17是一盘控制42。 The position of the plate relative to the opening 17 is controlled by the position of the control rod 19 passing through a grommet 12 to control line.该盘位置相对于开放17控制控制12杆19穿过一个金属扣眼的位置,以控制线。 In event of malfunction that may cause combustion of gasses in mixing chamber 20, release valve 24 will rupture.在一旦发生故障,可能导致20燃烧气体混合室中,释放阀24将破裂。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:39
With reference now to FIG.现在国际体联参考。 4, in the event hydrogen gas 4 should accumulate in the mixing chamber 20 to excessive pressure, an escape tube 36 connected to a port 34 on the automobile hood 32 permits the excess hydrogen gas to safely escape to the atmosphere. 4,在事件氢气4应堆积在混合室20压力过大,一管36逃避多余的氢气连接到端口34上的汽车发动机罩32逃避许可证,安全的气氛。 In the event of a malfunction that may cause combustion in the mixing chamber 20, the pressure relief valve 33 will rupture expelling hydrogen gas without combustion.在发生故障时,可能导致一个20燃烧的混合室,泄压阀33将驱逐破裂煤气没有燃烧氢。
In the constructed arrangement of FIG.在图构建的安排。 1, there is illustrated a gas control system that may be retrofitted to an existing automobile internal combustion engine without changing or modifying automobile's design parameters or characteristics. 1,说明有气体控制系统,可改装改装汽车的设计参数或特征的现有汽车内燃发动机或不改变。
The flow of the hydrogen volatile gas is, of course, critical; therefore, there is incorporated in line 5 a gas flow valve 53 (FIG. 1) to adjust the hydrogen flow.该课程的氢气流挥发性气体的是,关键的,因此,有阀门纳入5号线的气体流量53(图1),调整氢气流量。 Gas flow valve is described in detail with reference to FIG.气体流量阀详细描述了国际体联参考。 3. 3。
The intake air 14 may be in a carburator arrangement with an intake adjustment 55 that adjusts the plate 42 opening and also more fully described with reference to FIG. 5月14日的进气会在化油器与进气调整安排55来调节板42开放,也更充分地描述国际体联参考。 8. 8。
To maintain constant pressure in hydrogen gas storage 7 in the on-off operation of the engine, the gas flow control valve is responsive to the electrical shut-off control 33.为了保持恒定的压力,储存7在行动中氢气的引擎的开关,气体流量控制阀,是顺应电力的关闭控制33。 The constant pressure permits an abundant supply of gas on start up and during certain periods of running time in re-supply.恒压许可证1,供应充足的货品供应天然气的运行时间启动并在一定的时期。
The switch 33 is in turn responsive to the vacuum control switch 60. During running of the engine vacuum will be built up which in turn leaves switch 33 open by contact with vacuum switch 60 through lead 60a.该开关33又顺应真空控制开关60。真空中运行的引擎将被建立起来,从而留下的真空开关33开触点开关60A条所通过的60领先。 When the engine is not running the vacuum will decrease to zero and through switch 60 will cause electrical switch 33 to shut off cutting off the flow of hydrogen gas to the control valve 53.当引擎没有运行的真空将减少到零,并通过开关60将造成电气开关33关闭切断气氢流量控制阀53。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:39
As low-voltage direct current is applied to safety valve 28, solenoid 29 is activated.由于低电压直流电应用于安全阀28,电磁29日被激活。 The solenoid applies a control voltage to the hydrogen generator exciter 3 via terminal 27 through pressure switch 26.电磁铁适用于发电机励磁三氢通过终端控制电压 27日通过压力开关26。 As the electrical power activates electric solenoid 29, hydrogen gas is caused to pass through flow adjustment valve 16 and then outlet pipe 5 for utilization. The pressure differential hydrogen gas output to gas mixing chamber 20 is for example 30 lbs.由于电力螺线管29日电激活,造成氢气是通过流量调节阀16,然后利用5出水管。氢气的压差输出气体混合室是20磅,例如 30。 to 15 lbs.到15磅。 Once hydrogen generator 10 reaches an optimum gas pressure level, pressure switch 26 shuts off electrical power to the hydrogen excitors.一旦氢气发生器10气体压力达到最佳水平,压力开关26切断电源,以氢excitors。 If the chamber pressure exceeds a predetermined level, the safety release valve 28 is activated disconnecting the electrical current and thereby shutting down the entire system for safety inspection.如果腔压力超过预定的水平,安全释放阀28被激活的电流断开,从而关闭整个系统的安全检查。
With particular reference now to FIG.并特别提到现在国际体联。 6 there is illustrated the fuel injector system in a side crossectional view and to FIG.六是有一个侧面说明了系统的燃料喷射器crossectional至图查看和。 5 in a top view. The structural apparatus incorporated in the preferred embodiment comprises housing 90 having air intakes 14a and 14e. 5一顶视图。仪器的结构体现纳入首选包括有进气口住房90第14A及14E。 The air passes through filter 91 around the components 14b and 14c and then to intake 14d of the mixing chamber 20.空气经过过滤器的元件91第14B和14C,然后向总商会20日摄入量14天的混合。 The hydrogen enters via line 5 via quenching plates 37 and into the mixing chamber 20.通过线的氢进入以淬火板20 5 37,进入混合室。 The non-volatile gasses pass via line 9 to the quenching plates 39 and into the mixing chamber 20.非挥发性气体淬火驶行9日至39板块,进入混合室20。
FIG.国际体联。 7 illustrates the mechanical arrangement of components comprising the overall structure of the mixing chamber 20 and shown independantly in the other figures. 7说明了机械搅拌室安排20个组件组成的整体结构和独立的数字显示在对方。
Returning to FIG.回归国际体联。 1 there is illustrated the non-volatile gas line 9 passing through mixture pump 91 by engine pulley 93.一有说明挥发性气体混合物9号线途经的非泵93 91引擎的滑轮。 Valve 95 controls the rate of flow. 95阀门控制流量的影响。
Also driven by pulley 93 is pump 96 having line 85 connected to an oil resevoir 92 and valve 87 and finally to mixing chamber 20.另外93轮驱动泵是有96线85连接到一个油层92和阀87,最后以混合室20。 As a practical matter, such as in a non-oil lubricated engine, lubricating fluid such as oil 81 is sprayed in the chamber 20, via oil supply line 85 for lubrication.作为一个实际问题,如在一个非油润滑发动机,润滑液,如石油81 20喷在会议厅润滑,通过石油供应线85。
There has been several publications in the past year or so delving on the properties of Hydrogen gas, its potential use, generating systems, and safety.已经有几个出版物在过去一年左右的安全钻研,并在性能氢气,利用其潜力,发电系统。 One such publication is "Selected Properties of Hydrogen" (Engineering Design Data) issued February 1981 by the National Bureau of Standards.一个这样的刊物“选择氢性能的影响”(工程设计数据)发出1981年2月由美国国家标准局。
These publications are primarily concerned with the elaborate and costly processes for generating hydrogen.这些出版物主要涉及昂贵的过程中产生氢气的制定和。 Equally so, they are concerned with the very limited use of hydrogen gas because of its extremely high burning velocities.同样如此,他们关心的速度使用燃烧的氢气很有限,因为它非常高。 This in turn reflects the danger in the practical use of hydrogen.这反过来又反映了在使用氢气的危险的实际。
With reference to the graph of the Appendix A, it is seen that the burning velocities of alcohol, propane, methane, gasoline, natural gas, and diesel oil are in the range of minimum 35 to maximum 45.参照阿图的附录,它是看到,天然气燃烧速度的酒精,丙烷,甲烷,汽油和柴油45最低范围35到最大。 Further, the graph illustrates that the burning velocity of hydrogen gas is in the range of 265 minimum to 325 maximum.此外,该图形说明,氢气燃烧速度最大的范围在265到 325的最低。 In simple terms in the order of 7.5 times the velocity of ordinary commercial fuels.在商业燃料简单来说一般在该命令的7.5倍的速度。
Because of the hydrogen gas unusually high burning velocity, hydrogen gas has been ruled out, by these prior investigators as a substitute fuel. Furhter, even if an engine could be designed to accomodate such high velocities, the danger of explosion would eliminate any thoughts of commercial use.由于氢气燃烧速度非常高,氢气已被排除的速度,满足如此高的这些事先调查作为替代燃料。进一步扩展,即使一台发动机可以被设计为,爆炸危险,将消除任何想法商业用途。
The present invention, as above described, has resolved the above-noted criterea for the use of hydrogen gas in a standard commercial engine. Primarily, the cost in the generation of hydrogen gas, as noted in the aforementioned co-pending patent applications, is most minimal.本发明,如上描述,解决了一个标准的商业引擎上述表示criterea中的使用氢气。为主,天然气的成本在氢气发电的,正如在上述合作,专利申请,是最起码的。 Water with no chemicals or metals is used.金属水中没有化学或使用。 Also, as note in the aforementioned co-pending patent applications, is the reduction in the hydrogen gas velocity.此外,作为应用注意到在上述合作待批专利,减少的速度是在氢气。 These co-pending applications not only teach the reduction in velocity, but teach the control of the velocity of the hydrogen gas.这些合作不仅教待处理的申请的速度减少,但教的气体控制氢气的速度的。
In the preferred embodiment, practical apparatus adapting the hydrogen generator to a combustion engine is described.在首选的体现,实际仪器适应氢内燃机发电机一介绍。 The apparatus linearly controls the hydrogen gas flow to a mixing chamber mixing with a controlled amount of non-combustible gas oxygen, hence, the reduction in the hydrogen gas velocity.该仪器线性控制氢气流量,以一混合室与可燃混合气,因此有控制量的非氧气,减少的速度在氢气。 The reduction in the hydrogen gas velocity makes the use of hydrogen as safe as other fuels.减少的速度在氢气燃料的使用,使得氢是安全的其他。
In more practical terms the ordinary internal combustion engine of any size or type of fuel, is retrofitted to be operable with only water as a fuel source.在更实际的计算,普通型燃料内燃发动机或任何大小,改造成为具有可操作性的燃料来源,只有水为。 Hydrogen gas is generated from the water without the use of chemicals or metals and at a very low voltage.氢气从水中产生的电压不使用金属和化学品或在非常低的。 The burning velocity of the hydrogen gas has been reduced to that of conventional fuels. Finally, every component or step in the process has one or more safety valves or features thereby making the hydrogen gas system safer than that of conventional automobiles.氢气燃烧的速度已下降至燃料的传统。最后,每个组件或流程步骤中有一个或多个安全阀或功能,从而使汽车更安全的氢气系统比常规的。
In the above description the terms non-volatile and non-combustile were used.在上面描述的条件的非挥发性和非combustile使用了。 It is to be understood they are intended to be the same; that is, simply, gas that will not burn.这是可以理解他们的目的是相同的,即简单,气体,不会燃烧。
Again, the term storage has been used, primarily with respect to the hydrogen storage area 7.同样,长期储存已被使用,主要涉及到的氢气存储区域7。 It is not intended that the term "storage" be taken literally--in fact it is not storage, but a temporary holding area. With respect to area 7, this area retains a sufficient amount of hydrogen for immediate start-up.这是无意的术语“存储”按字面-其实它不是存储,而是一个临时收容区。关于对地区7,这一地区保留的行动立即开始足量的氢气。
Other terms, features, apparatus, and the such have been described with reference to a preferred embodiment.其他条件,特点,仪器,并已体现了这种描述参考首选。 It is to be understood modifications and alternatives can be had without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.这是可以理解的修改和替代品可以发明有没有偏离的精神和范围。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:42
Canadian Patent # 2,067,735 加拿大专利#2067735
Water Fuel Injection System 水燃料喷射系统
Stanley Meyer 赤柱迈耶
Abstract 抽象
An injector system comprising an improved method and apparatus useful in the production of a hydrogen-containing fuel gas from water in a process in which the dielectric property of water and/or a mixture of water and other components determines a resonant condition that produces a breakdown of the atomic bonding of atoms in the water molecule.一个有用的喷射系统,包括在生产过程中的一个氢含燃气水在改进方法和设备,其中一水击穿介电性能和/或与其他成分混合水条件决定了共振产生对水分子中的原子的原子键合。 The injector delivers a mixture of water mist, ionized gases, and non-combustible gas to a zone or locus within which the breakdown process leading to the release of elemental hydrogen from water molecules occurs.雾的混合物注入提供了水,电离气体和非可燃气体或一个区域内的故障轨迹进程,导致分子释放氢气从水中出现的元素。
Description 描述
This invention relates to a method and apparatus useful in producing thermal combustive energy from the hydrogen component of water…本发明涉及一种有用的方法和仪器组件生产的水热可燃氢能量...
The invention of this present application represents a generational improvement in methods and apparatus useful in the utilization of water as a fuel source.本发明的应用代表了目前代改进方法及器具源水燃料作为一种有益的利用。 In brief, the present invention is a microminiaturized water fuel cell and permits the direct injection of water, and its simultaneous transformation into a hydrogen-containing fuel, in a combustion zone, such as a cylinder in an internal combustion engine, a jet engine, or furnace. Alternatively the injection system of the present invention may be utilized in any non-engine application in which a concentrated flame or heat source is desired, for example, welding.总之,本发明是一种微格水燃料电池,并允许将水直接喷射,它同时含有燃料转变成氢气,在燃烧区,如发动机汽缸在内部燃烧,一台喷气发动机,或炉。此外本发明喷射系统的例子可能会利用任何非发动机应用中,集中火源是期望,焊接。
The present injection system eliminated the need for an enclosed gas pressure vessel in a hydrogen fuel system and thereby reduces a potential physical hazard heretofore associated with the use of hydrogen-based fuel. The system produces fuel on demand in real-time operation and sets up an integrated environment of optimum parameters so that a water-to-fuel conversion process works at high efficiency.目前喷射系统消除了系统需要一个封闭的氢燃料气体压力容器,从而降低了潜在的危险物质燃料相关的基础迄今使用的氢。燃油系统产生的时间上的需求,实际操作和设置一个集成环境的最佳参数,使水到燃料转换过程的效率高的作品。
The preferred embodiment of the invention is more fully explained below with reference to the drawings in which:该发明的首选是更充分地体现,说明如下参考图中的:
Figure 1 figuratively illustrates the sections and operating zones included in a single injector of the invention. 图1形象地说明了板块和经营区域包括在单一喷嘴发明的。

Figures 2A is a side cross sectional view; Figure 2B is a frontal view from the operative end; and Figure 2C is an exploded view --- of an individual injector. 图2a是一个侧面横断性; 图2B是手术结束时从正面的看法;及图2c是分解图---一个人的注射器。





作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:42
Figure 3 and Figure 3A respectively show a side cross-section view and frontal view of an alternatively configured in injector. 图3和图3A条边分别显示截面视图和正面的看法或者配置一个注射器。



Figure 4 shows a disk array of injectors. 图4显示了注射磁盘阵列。

Figure 5 shows the resonance electrical circuit including the injector. 图5显示了谐振电路包括注射器。

Figure 6 depicts the inter-relationship of the electrical and fuel distribution components of an injector system. 图6描述了的关系,跨电力和燃料喷射系统的一个组成部分的分布。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:42

Although I refer to an injector herein, the invention relates not only to the physical configuration of an injector apparatus but also to the overall process and system parameters determined in the apparatus to achieve the release of thermal energy.虽然我指的是一个注射器外,该发明不仅涉及到喷油器的物理配置,而且对整个过程和设备在系统参数确定以实现能量释放的热量。 In a basic outline, an injector regulates the introduction into a combustion zone of process constituents and sets up a fuel mixture condition permitting combustion.在一个基本的轮廓,一个喷油器调节成分引入的过程中燃烧区,并建立了混合燃料的燃烧条件允许。 That combustion condition is triggered simultaneously with injector operation in real time correspondence with control parameters for the process constituents.这同时引发燃烧的条件是用注射器成分的运作过程中的控制参数实时对应的。
In the fuel mixture condition that is created by the injector, water (H2O) is atomized into a fine spray and mixed with (1) ionized ambient air gases and (2) other non-combustible gases such as nitrogen, argon and other rare gases, and water vapor.在燃料混合物水创造条件,是由喷油器,(水)是雾化成细喷雾和混合(1)周围空气电离气体和(二)其他非可燃气体,如氮气,氩气和其他稀有气体和水蒸汽。 (Exhaust gas produced by the combustion of hydrogen with oxygen is a non-combustible water vapor. This water vapor and other inert gases resulting from combustion may be recycled from an exhaust outlet in the injector system back into the input mixture of non-combustible gases). (废气产生的氧气与燃烧的氢气是一种非易燃水蒸汽。这种水蒸汽和其他惰性气体燃烧产生的气体可能是从回收从排气口喷射系统中的可燃回非到输入混合)。 The fuel mix is introduced at a consistent flow rate maintained under a predetermined pressure.引入混合燃料在一个一致的流量压力下保持预定率。 In the triggering of the condition created by the injector, the conversion process described in my patent # 4,936,961 and co-pending application serial # 07/460,859 is set off spontaneously on a micro level in a predetermined reaction zone.在喷油器触发了创造了条件,在转换过程中描述我的专利#4936961和合作,待申请序列号07/460,859客区设置在预定自发反应微观层面的一个。 The injector creates a mixture, under pressure in a defined zone (or locus) of water, ionized gases and non-combustible gases.喷油器创建一个混合物,水压力下在一个确定的区域(或基因)的,电离气体和非可燃气体。 Pressure is an important factor in the maintenance of the reaction condition and causes the water mist/gas mixture to become intimately mixed, compressed, and destabilized to produce combustion when activated under resonant conditions of ignition.压力是一个重要因素,反应条件,在维护和原因的水雾/气体混合物成为密切混合,压缩,燃烧时产生动摇点火启动条件下共振。 In accordance with the aforementioned conversion process of my patent and application, when water is subjected to a resonance condition water molecules expand and distend; electrons are ejected from the water molecule and absorbed by ionized gases; and the water molecule, thus destabilized, breaks down into its elemental components of hydrogen (2H) and oxygen (O) in combustion zone.根据分子在扩张扩大和上述转换过程和我的专利申请,当水是受到共振条件的水;电子被逐出水和气体分子离子吸收,以及水分子,从而动摇,打破了氢元素进入其组成部分(2H)和氧(O)在燃烧区。 The hydrogen atoms released from the molecule provide the fuel source in the mixture for combustion with oxygen.氢分子中的原子释放出氧气燃料提供与源燃烧的混合物。 The present invention is an application of that process and is outlined in Table I:本发明是一种工艺中的应用,是我的概述表:
TABLE I 我表

作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:43
The process occurs as water mist and gases are injected under pressure into, and intimately mixed in the combustion zone and an electrically polarized zone.这一过程发生的水雾和气体压力下注入到,并密切混合燃烧带和电动极化区。 In the electrically polarized zone, the water mixture is subjected to a unipolar pulsed direct current voltage that is tuned to achieve resonance in accordance with the electrical, mass and other characteristics of the mixture as a dielectric in the environment of the combustion zone.在电动极化区,水的混合物,是受到单极脉冲直流电压,以达到调整根据共振与电气,质量和其他特征的燃烧区的混合物作为环境介质中。 The resonant frequency will vary according to injector configuration and depends upon the physical characteristics, such as mass and volume of water and gases in the zone.谐振频率将因注射器配置和区域取决于身体的特点,例如在水和气体的质量和数量。 As my prior patents and application point out, the resonant condition in the capacitive circuit is determined by the dielectric properties of water: (1) as the dielectric in a capacitor formed by adjacent conductive surfaces and (2) as the water molecule itself is a polar dielectric material. At resonance, current flow in the resonant electrical circuit will be minimized and voltage will peak.正如我以前指出的专利和应用,电容电路中的谐振条件是:确定介质水的特性(1)作为导电介质和表面附近形成一个电容器(2)水分子本身就是一个为极性电介质材料的共鸣。在,电路中的谐振电流将减少,电压将达到顶峰。
The injector system provides a pressurized fuel mixture for subjection to the resonant environment of the voltage combustion zone as the mixture is introduced to the zone.该喷射系统提供了一个电压加压燃料燃烧区混合的隶属的共振环境的混合物引入到区域。 In a preferred embodiment, the injector includes concentrically nested serial orifices, one for each of three constituent elements of the fuel mixture.在所选择的体现,注射器包括同心嵌套串行口,一个混合燃料每三个构成要素。 (It may be feasible to combine and process non-combustible and ionized gases in advance of the injector. In this event only two orifices are required, one for the water and the other for the combined gases). (它可能是可行的组合和工艺气体在预先注入非离子,易燃。在这种情况下只需要两个孔,一个是水和气体等的组合)。 The orifices disperse the water mist and gases under pressure into a conically shaped activation and combustion zone (or locus).分散的口带(或位点)的水雾和气体压力下塑造成一个锥形激活和燃烧。
Figure 1A shows a transverse cross-section of an injector in which supply lines for water 1 ionized gas 2 and non-combustible gas 3 feed into a distribution disk assembly 4 having concentrically nested orifices.图 1A显示了分配上装配有4套式管口电离气体同心一横截面的注射器,其中水的补给线1 2和非可燃气体3馈入。 The fuel mixture passes through a mixing zone 5 and voltage zone 6 created by electrodes or conductive surfaces 7A and 7B (positive) and 8 (negative or ground). Electrical field lines are shown as 6A1 and 6A2 and 6B1 and 6B2. Combustion (ie, the oxidation of hydrogen) occurs in the zone 9.该燃料混合物的推移和6B1和6B2。燃烧(即通过(1混合区和电压5 6区创建的电极或导电表面7A及7B(正面)和8负6A2或地面)。电场线显示为6A1和,氢的氧化)发生在区9。 Ignition of the hydrogen can be primed by a spark or may occur spontaneously as a result of the exceptionally high volatility of hydrogen and its presence in a high voltage field.氢气点火的引物可以由火花或可能发生的领域,结果自然是非常高的电压波动的一个高氢和它的存在研究。 Although a differentiation of the mixing zone, the voltage zone and the combustion zone is made in explaining the invention, that differentiation relates to events or conditions in a process continuum, and as is evident from Figure 1, the zones are not physically discrete. In the zone(s), there is produced an excited mixture of vaporized water mist, ionized gases and other non-combustible gases all of which have been instantaneously released fro under high pressure.虽然在混合区的分化,电压区和燃烧区作出解释的发明,即分化有关的事件或连续性条件,一个过程,正如从图1可见,该地区没有物理离散的。在区(S)和有水雾产生了兴奋的混合汽化,电离气体和其他非可燃气体的压力,所有这些都被瞬间释放高来回下。 Simultaneously.同时。 The released mixture is exposed to a pulsed voltage in the zone/locus at a frequency corresponding to electrical resonance.被释放的混合物,暴露在/位点区的脉冲电压的频率相应的电气共振。 Under these conditions, outer shell electrons of atoms in the water molecule are destabilized and molecular time share is interrupted.在这种条件下,水分子在壳外层电子的原子和分子是不稳定的时间份额被中断。 Thus, the gas mixture in the injector zone is subjected to physical, electrical and chemical interactive forces which cause a breakdown of the atomic bonding forces of the water molecule.因此,注射器区是混合气体在受到物理,电气和化学水分子的互动力量,导致粘结力,细分的原子。
Process parameters are determined based on the size of a particular injector.工艺参数的基础上确定一个特定大小的注射器。 In an injector sized approximately for use to provide a fuel mixture to a conventional cylinder in a passenger vehicle automobile engine, the injector may resemble a conventional spark plug.在一个注射器大小的发动机大约可使用传统的气缸在汽车客运车辆提供燃料混合物1,喷油器可能类似于一个传统的火花塞。 In such an injector, the water orifice is 0.10 to 0.15 inch in diameter; the ionized gas orifice is 0.15 to .20 inch diameter; and the non-combustible gas orifice is 0.20 to 0.25 inch diameter.在这样的喷油器,水孔直径为0.10到0.15英寸的;在电离气体孔板是0.15 0.20英寸直径以及非可燃气体孔板为0.20至0.25英寸直径。 In such a configuration, the serial orifices increase in size from the innermost orifice, as appropriate to a concentric configuration. As noted above, the introduction of the fuel components is desirably maintained at a constant rate; maintenance of a back-pressure of about 125 pounds per square inch for each of the three fuel gas constituents appears satisfactorily useful for a spark-plug injector.在这种配置中,串行口的大小增加从最里面的孔,并酌情向同心配置。如上所述,零件引进的燃料是最好是保持在一个恒定速度,维护了背压约125个磅每平方英寸的成分每3气体燃料喷射有用出现令人满意的火花塞。 In the pressurized environment of the injector, spring loaded one-way check valves in each supply line, such as 14 and 15, maintain pressure during pulse off times.在压力环境中的喷油器,弹簧阀在每个电源线单程检查,如14和15,维持时间压力脉动过程中关闭。
The voltage zone 6 surrounds the pressurized fuel mixture and provides an electrically charged environment of pulsed direct current in the range from about 500 to 20,000 or ore volts at a frequency tuned to the resonant characteristic of the mixture.电压6区周围的压力燃料混合物和电流电压或矿石约500 至20,000范围内的环境提供了一个带电脉冲的频率直接调到共振特性的混合物。 This frequency will typically lie within the range of from about 20 KHz to about 50 KHz, dependent, as noted above, on the mass flow of the mixture from the injector and the dielectric property o the mixture.这个频率通常会说谎的范围内,从20千赫到50千赫,依赖,正如上文所述的混合物,对澳群众财产混合流从喷嘴和电介质。 In a spark-plug sized injector, the voltage zone will typically extend longitudinally about 0.25 to 1.0 inch to permit sufficient dwell time of the water mist and gas mixture between the conductive surfaces 7 and 8 that form a capacitor so that resonance occurs at a high voltage pulsed frequency and combustion is triggered.在火花塞大小的注射器,一般的电压区将纵向延伸约0.25 至1.0英寸,允许形成一个电容足够的停留时间的水,雾和混合气体导电表面之间的第7和第8,使共振发生在高电压脉冲频率和燃烧引起的。 In the zone, an energy wave is formed related to the resonant pulse frequency.在区,形成一个能量波的共振与脉冲频率。 The wave continues to pulse through the flame in the combustion zone.  The thermal energy produced is released as heat energy.脉冲波继续通过该区域的火焰在燃烧。产生的热能是能量释放的热量。 In a confined zone such as a piston/cylinder engine, gas detonation under resonant conditions produces explosive physical power.在密闭区如活塞/汽缸发动机,谐振条件下产生爆炸性气体爆轰物理电源。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:43
In the voltage zone, the time share ration of the hydrogen and oxygen atoms comprising the individual water molecules in the water mist is upset in accordance with the process explained in my aforementioned Patent # 4,936,961 and application serial # 07/460,859.在电压区,水雾时间份额比氢,氧原子组成的水分子中的个人是底价,859按照07/460解释的过程中我的上述专利号4936961和应用序列号。 To wit, the water molecule which is itself a polar structure, is distended or distorted in shape by being subjected to the polar electric field in the voltage zone.也就是说,水分子本身就是一种极结构,是扩张或形状扭曲的领域中受到的电压区,极电。 The resonant condition induced in the molecule by the unipolar pulses upsets the molecular bonding of shell electrons such that the water molecule, at resonance, breaks apart into its constituent atoms.分子的共振条件所引起的单极脉冲扰乱壳层电子的分子键合,使水分子共振,打破原子***成其组成部分。 In the voltage zone, the water (H2O) molecules are excited into an ionized state; and the pre-ionized gas component of the fuel mixture captures the electrons released from the water molecule.在电压区,水(H2O)的分子激发成离子状态;和组件的燃料混合物预电离气体捕捉水分子中的电子释放。 In this manner at the resonant condition, the water molecule is destabilized and the constituent atomic elements of the molecule, 2H and O are released; and the released hydrogen atoms are available for combustion.在这种情况下在谐振方式,水分子是不稳定和原子组成的分子元素,2H和O的释放,以及释放氢原子被燃烧供。 The non-combustible gases in the fuel mixture reduce the burn rate of hydrogen to that of a hydrocarbon fuel such as gasoline or kerosene from its normal burn rate (which is approximately 2.5 times that of gasoline). Hence the presence of non-combustible gases in the fuel mixture moderates energy release and modulate the rate at which the free hydrogen and oxygen molecules combine in the combustion process.在燃料气体混合物的非可燃减少燃烧氢燃料的速度的碳氢化合物,如汽油或煤油从正常燃烧率(约2.5倍的汽油)。因此,气体的存在不可燃在燃料混合物温和派能量释放和调节的速度自由的氢分子和氧分子结合的过程中燃烧。
The conversion process does not spontaneously occur and the condition in the zone must be carefully fine tuned to achieve an optimum input flow rate for water and the gases corresponding to the maintenance of a resonant condition.在转换过程不会自发地出现和区域条件的,必须认真进行微调,以达到最佳的状态投入共振流量的水和气体到相应维修。 The input water mist and gases may likewise be injected into the zone in a physically pulsed [on/off] manner corresponding to the resonance achieved.输入细水雾和气体,可能同样是区注入在物理脉冲[/关闭]方式取得相应的共振。 In an internal combustion engine, the resonance of the electrical circuit and the physical pulsing of the input mixture may be required to be related to the combustion cycle of the reciprocating engine.在一个内燃发动机,电路谐振的电气和物理混合输入脉冲的可能需要将相关的往复式发动机燃烧循环的局面。 In this regard, one or two conventional spark plugs may require a spark cycle tuned in correspondence to the conversion cycle resonance to that the combustion of the mixture will occur.在这方面,一个或两个传统火花塞可能需要一个火花出现周期调整相适应的转换周期共振,该混合物的燃烧会。 Thus, the input flow, conversion rate and combustion rate are interrelated and optimally should each be tuned in accordance with the circuit resonance at which conversion occurs.因此,输入流,转换率和燃烧率应该是相互关联的,每个人都可以根据优化调整与转换电路共振的发生。
The injection system of the present invention is suited to retrofit applications in conventionally fueled gasoline and diesel internal combustion engines and conventionally fueled jet aircraft engines.本发明喷射系统是适合的应用,改造传统燃料汽油和柴油燃料的内燃发动机和常规喷气飞机发动机。
Example 1 示例1





作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:43
Figures 2A, 2B and 2C illustrate a type of injector useful, inter alia as a fuel source for a conventional internal combustion engine.数字第2A,2B及2C型注射器说明了有用的,特别是传统内燃机内部作为燃料来源1。 In the cross-section of Figure 2A, reference numerals corresponding to identifying numerals used in Figure 1 show a supply line for water 1 leading to first distribution disc 1A and supply line for ionized gas 2, leading to second distribution disc 2A.在跨相应部分的图2A,参考数字,以确定2数字显示图 1中使用水的供应线一光盘,导致初次分配1A和电离气体供应线,导致第二次分配光盘2A条。 In the cross-section, the supply line for non-combustible gas 3 leading to distribution disc 3A is not illustrated, however, its location as a third line should be self-evident.在横截面,光盘3A条供电线路的非可燃气体3分布导致没有说明,但是,第三行的位置,一个应该是不言而喻的。 The three discs comprise distribution disc assembly 4.这三个光盘组成分布光盘组装4。 The supply lines are formed in an electrically insulating body 10 surrounded by electrically conductive sheath/housing 11 having a threaded end segment 12.该电源线护套形成于电气绝缘导电体电10所包围/房屋有一个线程结束11段12。
A central electrode 8 extends the length o the injector. Conductive elements 7A and 7B (7A and 7B depict opposite sides if the diameter in the cross-section of a circular body) adjacent threaded section 12 form, with electrode 8, the electrical polarization zone 6 proximate to combustion zone 9. 8扩展的中央电极的长度澳注射器。导电分子7A及7B(第7A及7B描绘的两侧如果身体直径交叉圆第1)第12条相邻螺纹形式,与电极8,电器极化区6接近,燃烧区9。 An electrical connector 13 may be provided at the other end of the injector.一个电气连接器提供5月13日在喷油器的另一端。 (As used herein electrode refers to the conductive surface of an element forming one side of a capacitor). (由于此处使用的电极是指一个电容器的导电表面形成一个侧面的元素之一)。 In the frontal view of Figure 2B it is seen that each disc comprising the distribution disc assembly 9, includes a plurality of micro-nozzles 1A1, 2A1, 3A1, etc., for the outlet of the water and gases into the polarization/voltage and combustion zones. The exploded view of Figure 2C shows another view of the injector and additionally depicts two supply line inlets 16 and 17, the third not being shown (because of the inability to represent the uniform 120 degree separation of three lines in a two-dimensional drawing).在图2B正面看法可以看出,每个光盘组成分布光盘大会9日,包括1等多元化微型喷嘴1A1型,伸张振动,3A1,两极分化的水和气体作插座/电压和燃烧区。爆炸的图2c观显示了另一个喷油器查看和另外两个电源线入口描绘16日和 17日,正在显示的三分之一没有(因为无法代表统一120线三度分离两二维绘图)。
In the injector, water mist (forming droplets in the range, for example, of from 10 to 250 microns and above, with size being related to voltage intensity) is injected into fuel-mixing and polarizing zone by way of water spray nozzles 1A1.在喷油器,细水雾(范围中形成液滴,例如,从10到250微米以上的规模,并以相关的电压强度)的1A1型注入燃料混合及喷嘴喷雾区的极化方式的水。 The tendency of water to form a bead or droplet is a parameter related to droplet mist size and voltage intensity.水趋势,形成一个或一滴水珠电压强度参数与液滴的大小和雾。 Ionized air gases and non-combustible gases, introduced through nozzles 2A1 and 3A1, are intermixed with the expelling water mist to form a fuel-mixture which enters into voltage zone 6 where the mixture is exposed to a pulsating, unipolar high intensity voltage field (typically 20,000 volts at 50 KHz or above at the resonant condition in which current flow in the circuit [amps] is reduced to a minimum), created between electrodes 7 and 8.空气电离气体和非可燃气体,通过喷嘴3A1 2A1和介绍,是混杂在一起驱逐水雾形成燃料的混合体,进入6成电压地带内的混合物暴露在脉动,单极强度高电压场(通常20,000伏特,在50千赫以上的谐振条件,其电路电流在[安培]减少到最低限度),8电极之间产生7。
Laser energy prevents discharge of the ionized gases and provides additional energy input into the molecular destabilization process that occurs at resonance.激光能量防止电离气体放电的发生,并提供额外的能量共振投入的分子是不稳定的过程。 It is preferable that the ionized gases be subjected to laser (photonic energy) activation in advance of the introduction of the gases into the zone(s); although, for example, a fiber optic conduit may be useful to direct photonic energy directly into the zone.这是最好的电离气体受到激光(光子能量)的活化)提前选区(引入的气体进入,虽然,例如,光纤通道,可能是有用的直接直接进入光子能量区。 Heat generated in the zone, however, may affect the operability of such an alternative configuration. The electrical polarization of the water molecule and a resonant condition occurs to destabilize the molecular bonding of the hydrogen and oxygen atoms.热区产生的,但是,可能影响到这种配置可操作性的选择。电的水分子和一极化的共振条件发生动摇分子的氧原子成键的氢和。 By spark ignition, combustion energy is released.由火花点火,燃烧释放能量。
To ensure proper flame projection and subsequent flame stability, pumps for the ambient air, non-combustible gas and water introduce these components to the injector under static pressure up to and beyond 126 psi.为了确保适当的火焰投影和随后的火焰稳定,水泵的环境空气,非可燃气体和介绍注射器静压下这些组件之前和之后,126 psi的。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:43
Flame temperature is regulated by controlling the volume flow-rate of each fluid media in direct relationship to applied voltage intensity. To elevate flame temperature, fluid displacement is increased while the volume flow rate of non-combustible gases is maintained or reduced and the applied voltage amplitude is increased.火焰温度的调节,通过控制体积流率的媒体直接关系每个液施加电压强度。为了提高火焰温度,流体位移增加,而可燃气体体积流量的非维持或降低,施加电压幅度增加。 To lower flame temperature, the fluid flow rate if non-combustible gases is increased and pulse voltage amplitude is lowered.为了降低火焰温度,流体流速,如果非可燃气体的增加,脉冲电压幅度下降。 To establish a predetermined flame temperature, the fluid media and applied voltage are adjusted independently.要建立一个预定的火焰温度,流体介质和施加电压调整独立。 The flame pattern is further maintained as the ignited, compressed, and moving gases are projected from the nozzle-ports in distribution disc assembly 4 under pressure and the gas expands in the zone and is ignited.火焰格局进一步保持作为点燃,压缩气体和移动预计从喷嘴- 4端口分配盘装配和气体压力下区扩展中,并点燃。
In the voltage zone several functions occur simultaneously to initiate and trigger thermal energy yield.在几个功能区的电压同时发生发起并引发热能源产量。 Water mist droplets are exposed to high intensity pulsating voltage fields in accordance with an electrical polarization process that separates the atoms of the water molecule and causes the atoms to experience electron ejection.细水雾液滴接触到高强度的脉冲电压领域的电子喷射按照电力极化过程中的原子的分隔使水分子和原子的经验。 The polar nature of the water molecule which facilitates the formation of minute droplets in the mist appears to cause a relationship between the droplet size and the voltage required to effect the process, ie, the greater the droplet size, the higher the voltage required.在薄雾的极性水分子的性质,它在促进分钟液滴的形成似乎导致即粒径之间的关系的过程,所需的电压影响,更大的水滴的大小,需要更高的电压。 The liberated atoms of the water molecule interact with laser primed ionized ambient air gases to cause a highly energized and destabilized mass of combustible gas atoms to thermally ignite. Incoming ambient air gases are laser primed and ionized when passing through a gas processor; and an electron extraction circuit (Figure 5) captures and consumes in sink 55 ejected electrons and prevents electron flow into the resonant circuit.水分子的相互作用与解放的引物原子激光电离空气的气体引起高度活力和质量不稳定的原子热点燃可燃气体。传入空气气体激光引物和电离时处理器穿过气体;及电子提取电路(图5)捕获和电子消耗在水槽55弹出,防止谐振电路电子流入。
In terms of performance, reliability and safety, ionized air gases and water fuel liquid do not become volatile until the fuel mixture reaches the voltage and combustion zones.在性能方面,可靠性和安全性,离子化空气液体燃料气体和水的混合物不会成为不稳定,直到电压达到燃料和燃烧区。 Injected non-combustible gases retard and control the combustion rate of hydrogen during gas ignition.注射非可燃气体减缓和控制点火燃烧的气体中氢率。
In alternate applications, laser primed ionized liquid oxygen and laser primed liquid hydrogen stored in separate fuel tanks can be used in place of the fuel mixture, or liquefied ambient air gases alone with water can be substituted as a fuel source.在交替的应用,激光引物液态氧离子和激光引物液态氢燃料罐存放在单独的水可以用于代替燃料的混合物,或单独的空气气体液化空气源可以作为替代燃料。
The injector assembly is design variable and is retrofitable to fossil fuel injector ports conventionally used in jet/rocket engines, grain dryers, blast furnaces, heating systems, internal combustion engines and the like.喷油器装配设计变量,并retrofitable化石燃料喷射器像使用传统喷气港口/火箭发动机,粮食干燥机,鼓风炉,加热系统,内燃机引擎和。
Example II 范例二



作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:44
A flange mounted injector is shown in cross-section in Figure 3 which shows the fuel mixture inlets and illustrates an alternative (3) nozzle configuration leading to the polarization (voltage) and combustion zones in which one nozzle 31A, 32A and 33A for each of the three gas mixtures is provided, connected to supply lines 31 and 32 (33 not shown). Electrical polarization zone 36 is formed between electrode 38 and surrounding conductive shell 37.法兰式喷油器是跨如图3所示,在其中一节显示了混合燃料的替代进口和说明(3)喷嘴配置导致两极分化(电压)和燃烧区在哪一个喷嘴第31A,32A及33A条每一三是提供混合气体,连接到电源线31和32(33未显示)。电极化区36个电极之间形成的导电外壳和周围38 37。 The capacitive element of the resonant circuit is formed when the fuel mixture, as a dielectric, is introduced between the conductive surfaces of 37 and 38.谐振电路的电容元件组成的混合燃料时,作为电介质,是介绍了 37和38之间的导电表面。 Figure 3A is a frontal view of the operative end of the injector.图3A是一个正面的注射器鉴于年底的手术。
Example III 范例三

Multiple injectors may be arranged in a gang as shown in Figure 4 in which injectors 40, 41, 42, 43, 4, 45, 46, 47, 48 and 49 are arranged concentrically in an assembly 50.多个喷嘴,可安排在一纲四图所示,其中注射器40,41,42,43,4,45,46,47,48和49被安排在50同心集会。 Such a ganged array is useful in applications having intensive energy requirements such as jet aircraft engines, and blast furnaces.这样一伙同数组是非常有用的应用,喷气飞机引擎有密集的能源需求等,与高炉。
Example IV 示例四

The basic electrical system utilized in the invention is depicted in Figure 5 showing the electrical polarization zone 6 which receives and processes the water and gas mixture as a capacitive circuit element in a resonant charging circuit formed by inductors 51 and 52 connected in series with diode 53, pulsed voltage source 54, electron sink 55 and the zone/locus 6 formed from conductive elements 7 and 8.基本电气系统的发明使用的是描绘在图5显示了电气两极分化6区的接收和处理与二极管串联53个和52个连接的水和气体混合物51电感电容电路元件组成由一个谐振充电电路,脉冲电压源54个,电子接收器和55个区/轨迹形成了从6 8 7和导电分子。 In this manner, electrodes 7 and 8 in the injector form a capacitor which has electrical characteristics dependent on the dielectric media (eg, the water mist, ionized gases, and non-combustible gases) introduced between the conductive elements. Within the macro-dielectric media, however, the water molecules themselves, because of their polar nature, can be considered micro-capacitors.在这种方式下,电极7和8的形式注入电容器具有雾,水电气特性依赖于介质(例如,电离气体和非可燃气体)分子之间的导电介绍。在宏观介质媒体,但是,水分子本身的性质,因为它们的极性,可以考虑微型电容器。
Example V 例如V

Fuel distribution and management systems useful with the injector of this application are described in my co-pending applications for patent, PCT/US90/6513 and PCT/US90/6407.燃料分配和管理系统的应用非常有用这种注射器的描述在我的合作,正在申请的专利申请,PCT/US90/6513和PCT/US90/6407。
A distribution block for the assembly is shown in Figure 6.该大会分配块如图 6所示。 In Figure 6 the distribution block pulses and synchronizes the input of the fuel components in sequence with the electrical pulsing circuit.在图6块分布和同步脉冲电脉冲序列中的电路与输入的燃料组件。 The fuel components are injected into the injector ports in synchronization with the resonant frequency to enhance the energy wave pulse extending from the voltage zone through the flame.燃料组件注入到港口的共振频率与注入同步,以提高能量波脉冲电压范围由区通过火焰。 In the configuration of Figure 6, the electrical system is interrelated to distribution block 60, gate valve 61 and separate passageways 62, 63, and 64 for fuel components.在6配置图,电气系统是相互关联的分发60座,闸阀61个独立的通道和 62,63,64和燃料组件。 The distributor produces a trigger pulse which activates a pulse shaping circuit that forms a pulse having a width and amplitude determined by resonance of the mixture and established a dwell time for the mixture in the zone to produce combustion.分销商产生一个触发脉冲,激活脉冲整形电路,形成了一个具有脉冲宽度和幅度的确定混合物的共振,并建立了区停留时间在燃烧产生的混合物。
As in my referenced application regarding control and management and distribution systems for a hydrogen containing fuel gas produced from water, the production of hydrogen gas is related to pulse frequency on/off time. In the system shown in Figure 6, the distributor block pulses the fluid media introduced to the injector in relationship to the resonant pulse frequency of the circuit and to the operational on/off gate pulse frequency. In this manner the rate of water conversion (ie, the rate of fuel production by the injector) can be regulated and the pattern of resonance in the flame controlled.正如我在申请中引用关于控制和管理,水分配系统制作了一个氢气的燃料,天然气生产氢的脉冲频率有关,以开/关机时间。在图6中所示的系统中,经销商块脉冲流体介质引入到关系注入到电路的谐振脉冲频率和业务/关闭闸门脉冲频率。通过这种方式被监管水转换率(即利率由生产燃料喷射器)可与对照格局共振火焰。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:46
  
  WO 92/07861 沃92/07861
  A Control and Driver Circuit for a Hydrogen Gas Fuel Producing Cell A控制和驱动电路的氢气燃料电池生产
  Intl. PPP国际。 Cl. 氯。 C07G 13/00, H03K 3/30 C07G 13/00,H03K 3 / 30
  14 May 1992 1992年5月14日
  Abstract 抽象
  A control circuit for a capacitive resonant cavity water capacitor cell (7) for the production of a hydrogen containing fuel gas has a resonant scanning circuit cooperating with a resonance detector and PLL circuit to produce pulses.阿燃气控制电路的电容谐振腔水电容器单元(七)载有产氢的共振扫描电路具有电路与合作的共振器和PLL来产生脉冲。 The pulses are fed into the primary (TX1) transformer. The secondary (TX2) transformer is connected to the resonant cavity water capacitor cell (7) via a diode and a resonant charging chokes (TX4, TX5).脉冲送入小学(Tx1 播出)变压器。次要(TX2)变压器连接到谐振腔水电容电池(7)通过一个二极管和一个共振充电扼流圈(TX4,TX5)。
  Description 描述
  This invention relates to electrical circuit systems useful in the operation of a water fuel cell including a water capacitor/resonant cavity for the production of a hydrogen containing fuel gas, such as that described in my US Patent # 4,936,961, Method for the Production of a Fuel Gas (26 June 1990).本发明涉及一个有用的电路系统在运作的水燃料电池,包括水的生产电容器方法/谐振腔用于生产的氢4936961含气体燃料,例如以#描述我的美国专利燃气(1990年6月26日)。
  In my aforesaid Patent for a method for the production of a fuel gas, voltage pulses applied to plates of a water capacitor tune into the dielectric properties of the water and attenuate the electrical forces between the hydrogen and oxygen atoms of the molecule.我在水中上述专利方法的属性为生产燃料气,电介质的电压脉冲调成水的应用电容板和衰减的分子之间的电力量和氧原子的氢。 The attenuation of the electrical forces results in a change in the molecular electrical field and the covalent atomic binding forces of the hydrogen and oxygen atoms.本场衰减电电气势力分子在一个变化的结果在原子和氧原子的共价结合的氢和力量。 When resonance is achieved, the atomic bond of the molecule is broken, and the atoms of the molecule disassociate.当共振的实现,原子分子键的断开,原子和分子的解除关联。 At resonance, the current (amp) draw from a power source to the water capacitor is minimized and voltage across the water capacitor increases.在共振,当前(安培)汲取电源,以减少水的电容两端的电压,提高水的电容器。 Electron flow is not permitted (except at the minimum, corresponding to leakage resulting from the residual conductive properties of water).电子流是不容许的(除了在最低,相应的渗漏水造成的导电性能的剩余)。 For the process to continue, however, a resonant condition must be maintained.这一进程将继续,但是,共振条件必须得到维护。
  Because of the electrical polarity of the water molecule, the fields produced in the water capacitor respectively attract and repel the opposite and like charges in the molecule, and the forces eventually achieved at resonance are such that the strength of the covalent bonding force in the water molecule is exceeded, and the atoms of the water molecule (which are normally in an electron sharing mode) disassociate.由于水分子极性的电,生产等领域的电容器分别在水中一样吸引和排斥收费分子的反面,和共振的力量最终实现在有水的力量,这样在武力的共价键分子是超出,和)不赞同的原子水分子(分享它们通常在一个电子模式。 Upon disassociation, the formerly shared bonding electrons migrate to the hydrogen nuclei, and both the hydrogen and oxygen revert to net zero electrical charge.解离后,以前的共同结合电子迁移到氢原子核,都氢,氧还原为净电荷为零。 The atoms are released from the water as a gas mixture.的原子释放出的水为混合气体。
  In the invention herein, a control circuit for a resonant cavity water capacitor cell utilized for the production of a hydrogen containing fuel gas is provided.在这里发明,气体燃料控制电路的谐振腔含有氢电池利用水电容器为生产提供的。
  The circuit includes an isolation means such as a transformer having a ferromagnetic, ceramic or other electromagnetic material core and having one side of a secondary coil connected in series with a high speed switching diode to one plate of the water capacitor of the resonant capacitor and the other side of the secondary coil connected to the other plate of the water capacitor to form a closed loop electronic circuit utilizing the dielectric properties of water as part of the electronic resonant circuit. The primary coil of the isolation transformer is connected to a pulse generation means.该电路包括一个隔离变压器等手段,有一个铁磁,陶瓷或其他电磁材料的核心之一,并具有侧谐振电容器的电容次级线圈水串联与高盘高速开关二极管之一另一边的电子谐振电路板的次级线圈连接到其他水电容形成一个闭环部分水作为电子电路利用介电性能。隔离变压器初级线圈的连接到一个脉冲的产生办法。 The secondary coil of the transformer may include segments that form resonant charging choke circuits in series with the water capacitor plates.该变压器的次级线圈的可能包括部分构成谐振电路板电容器充电呛串联与水。
  In the pulse generation means, an adjustable first, resonant frequency generator and a second gated pulse frequency generator are provided.在脉冲的产生办法,可调节第一,共振频率发生器和一个第二个门控脉冲信号发生器提供。 A gate pulse controls the number of the pulses produced by the resonant frequency generator sent to the primary could during a period determined by the gate frequency of the second pulse generator.阿门脉冲发生器控制数的共振频率所产生的脉冲发送到主脉冲发生器可以在一段时期内的第二次确定的闸门频率。
  The invention also includes a means for sensing the occurrence of a resonant condition in the water capacitor/resonant cavity, which when a ferromagnetic or electromagnetic core is used, may be a pickup coil on the transformer core.本发明还包括一个核心手段检测水发生在一个谐振条件电容/谐振腔,而当铁磁性或电磁核心使用,可能是变压器的一个线圈上。 The sensing means is interconnected to a scanning circuit and a phase lock loop circuit, whereby the pulsing frequency to the primary coil of the transformer is maintained at a sensed frequency corresponding to a resonant condition in the water capacitor.遥感手段是相互联系的一个扫描电路和锁相环电路,即在脉冲频率,变压器初级线圈的是电容感应频率维持在一个相对应的水共振条件及应用。
  Control means are provided in the circuit for adjusting the amplitude of a pulsing cycle sent to the primary coil and for maintaining the frequency of the pulsing cycle at a constant frequency regardless of pulse magnitude. In addition, the gated pulse frequency generator may be operatively interconnected with a sensor that monitors the rate of gas production from the cell and controls the number of pulses from the resonant frequency generator sent to the cell in a gated frequency in a correspondence with the rate of gas production.控制手段电路提供了调整周期振幅1脉冲发送到初级线圈和脉冲频率周期维持在一个恒定的频率的脉冲幅度不论。此外,门控脉冲信号发生器,可手术互联有一个传感器,可以监测电池生产天然气从速度和数量控制的脉冲发生器的谐振频率的频率发出了一个门控单元对应在同一个生产天然气的费率。 The sensor may be a gas pressure sensor in an enclosed water capacitor resonant cavity which also includes a gas outlet.该传感器可以是一个气体出口气体压力传感器在一个封闭的水电容的谐振腔,其中也包括。 E gas pressure sensor is operatively connected to the circuit to determine the rate of gas production with respect to ambient gas pressure in the water capacitor enclosure. é气体压力传感器连接到电路手术,以确定气体的产率方面电容器外壳水环境中的气体压力。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:47
  Thus, an omnibus control circuit and its discrete elements for maintaining and controlling the resonance and other aspects of the release of gas from a resonant cavity water cell is described herein and illustrated in the drawings which depict the following:因此,一腔综合控制电路和分立元件的水细胞维持和控制从一个共振的共振和其他方面的气体被释放此处所述,按照图纸所示的描绘:
  
is a block diagram of an overall control circuit showing the interrelationship of sub-circuits, the pulsing core/resonant circuit and the water capacitor resonant cavity.
是一个谐振腔块图1电容器整体控制电路,显示水的相互关系的子电路,脉冲核心/谐振电路和。
  
shows a type of digital control means for regulating the ultimate rate of gas production as determined by an external input.  (Such a control means would corresponding, for example, to the accelerator in an automobile or a building thermostat control.)
显示了一个控制类型的数字手段调节产气率作为最终确定由外部输入。(这种控制手段将相应的汽车或建筑物的恒温控制,例如,对加速器。)
  
shows an analog voltage generator. 显示了一个模拟电压发生器。
   is a voltage amplitude control circuit interconnected with the voltage generator and one side of the primary coil of the pulsing core.

是一个核心电压幅度控制电路互连与电压脉冲发生器和一个侧面的初级线圈。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:49
  

is the cell driver circuit that is connected with the opposite side of the primary coil of the pulsing core. 是细胞的核心驱动电路是连接线圈的脉冲相反侧主。

   ,

,




relate to pulsing control means including a gated pulse frequency generator (Figure 6); a phase lock circuit (Figure 7); a resonant scanning circuit (Figure 8); and the pulse indicator circuit (Figure 9) that control pulses transmitted to the resonant cavity/water fuel cell capacitor. 涉及脉冲控制方式,其中包括一门控脉冲信号发生器(图6);一锁相电路(图7);共振扫描电路(图8)和脉冲指示灯电路(图9)表示,控制脉冲传输到谐振腔/水燃料电池的电容。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:50


shows the pulsing core and the voltage intensifier circuit that is the interface between the control circuit and the resonant cavity. 显示核心的电压脉冲增强器电路,是腔之间的接口控制电路和共振。
  

is a gas feedback control circuit. 是一种气体反馈控制电路。
  

is an adjustable frequency generator circuit. 是一种可调节频率发生器电路。
  The circuits are operatively interconnected as in Figure 1 and to the pulsing core voltage intensifier circuit of Figure 10, which, inter alia, electrically isolates the water capcitor so that it becomes an electrically isolated cavity for the processing of water in accordance with its dielectric resonance properties.手术的电路是相互关联的,如图1和核心电压的脉冲介质共振增强器电路如图10,其中除其他外,电动隔离水capcitor,以便它根据其成为了电气隔离腔处理的水属性。 By reason of the isolation, power consumption in the control and driving circuits is minimized as voltage is maximized in the gas production mode of the water capacitor/fuel cell.由孤立的原因,在驱动电路的功耗是电压控制和减少由于电容器是最大化在水煤气生产模式/燃料电池。
  The reference letters appearing in the Figures, A, B, C, D, E, etc., to M and M1 show, with respect to each separate circuit depicted, the point at which a connection in that circuit is made to a companion or interrelated circuit.该参考信件,显示在数字,乙,丙,丁,E等,至M和M1表明,相对于每个独立的电路描述,在其中一个点或连接在该电路由一个同伴相关电路。
  In the invention, the water capacitor is subjected to a duty pulse which builds up in the resonant changing choke coil and then collapses.在发明,水电容受到责任脉冲,建立在不断变化的扼流线圈的共振,然后崩溃。 This occurrence permits a unipolar pulse to be applied to the fuel cell capacitor. When a resonant condition of the circuit is locked-in by the circuit, amp leakage is held to a minimum as the voltage which creates the dielectric field tends to infinity.这个事件允许单极脉冲被应用到燃料电池的电容。当电路谐振条件是锁定由电路,放大器泄漏到外地举行的最低电压,创建介质趋于无穷。 Thus, when high voltage is detected upon resonance, the phase lock loop circuit that controls the cell driver circuit maintains the resonance at the detected (or sensed) frequency.因此,当高电压共振检测时,锁相回路电路,驱动电路控制细胞保持感觉到共振检测到的(或)频率。
  The resonance of the water capacitor cell is affected by the volume of water in the cell.细胞的共振水电容的影响,在细胞体积的水在。 The resonance of any given volume of water maintained in the water capacitor cell is also affected by contaminants in the water which act as a damper.细胞体积的共振电容器任何水的水保持在还受到阻尼器在水中的污染物作为一项。 For example, at an applied potential difference of 2000 to 5000 volts to the cell, an amp spike or surge may be caused by inconsistencies in water characteristics that cause an out-of-resonance condition which is remedied instantaneously by the control circuits.例如,在一个应用2000年至 5000伏特的电位差的细胞,一放穗或电涌可能是由于电路中的水分特征不一致导致的,一出共振条件是由控制弥补瞬间。
  
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:50
In the invention, the adjustable frequency generator (Figure 12) tunes into the resonant condition of the circuit including the water cell and the water therein.在发明,可调节频率发生器(图12)水调成和谐振电路单元的状况,以及包括水在内。 The generator has a frequency capability of 0-10 KHz in a typical 3.0 inch water capacitor formed of a 0.5 inch rod enclosed within a 0.75 inside diameter cylinder.该发电机具有汽缸内直径0.75内的0-10千赫频率的能力杆密封在一个典型的3.0英寸寸水形成一个电容器0.5。 At start up, in this example, current draw through the water cell will measure about 25 milliamp; however, when the circuit finds a tuned resonant condition, current drops to a 1-2 milliamp minimum leakage condition.在启动时,在这个例子中,水电池,通过将测量电流消耗约25毫安,然而,当发现一个调谐电路的谐振条件,目前下降到 1-2毫安的最低渗漏条件。
  The voltage to the capacitor water cell increases according to the turns of the winding and size of the coils, as in a typical transformer circuit. For example, if 12 volts are sent to the primary coil of the pulsing core and the secondary coil resonant charging choke ration is 30 to 1, then 360 volts are sent to the capacitor water cell.电池电压的电容器水加按绕组匝数和线圈的大小,作为一个典型的变压器电路。例如,如果12伏的脉冲发送到核心的初级线圈和次级线圈谐振充电窒息口粮是30比1,然后被发送到360伏特的电容水细胞。 Turns are a design variable that control the voltage of the unipolar pulses sent to the capacitor.原来是一家设计变量控制的脉冲电压的单极发送到电容。
  The high speed switching diode shown in Figure 10 prevents charge leakage from the charged water in the water capacitor cavity, and the water capacitor as an overall capacitor circuit element, ie, the pulse and charge status of the water/capacitor never pass through an arbitrary ground.高速开关二极管,如图10所示防止渗漏收取水费从水中电容腔,和/水电容器电容器电容器作为一个整体的电路元件,即脉搏和充电状态的水从来没有通过任意地面。 The pulse to the water capacitor is always unipolar.电容脉冲水永远是单极化的。 The water capacitor is electrically isolated from the control, input and driver circuits by the electromagnetic coupling through the core.水电气隔离电容是从控制,输入和电磁耦合驱动电路由通过核心。 The switching diode in the VIC circuit (Figure 10) performs several functions in the pulsing.该开关二极管的脉冲在维也纳国际中心电路(图10功能)执行数。 The diode is an electronic switch that determines the generation and collapse of an electromagnetic field to permit the resonant charging choke(s) to double the applied frequency and also allows the pulse to be sent to the resonant cavity without discharging the capacitor therein.该二极管是一种电子开关,决定了一代和外地崩溃的电磁谐振允许收费扼流圈(县)的两倍还允许采用频率和脉冲发送放电电容内的谐振腔无。 The diode, of course, is selected in accordance with the maximum voltage encountered in the pulsing circuit.当然二极管,是根据选定的最大电压脉冲电路中遇到的。 A 600 PIV fast switching diode, such as an NVR 1550 high speed switching diode, has been found to be useful in the circuit herein.一个快速开关二极管的PIV 600二极管,如1550 NVR的高速开关,已发现有用的电路此处。
  The VIC circuit of Figure 10 also includes a ferromagnetic or ceramic ferromagnetic pulsing core capable of producing electromagnetic flux lines in response to an electrical pulse input.维也纳国际中心的10个线路图也包括铁磁磁脉冲或陶瓷的核心能力投入生产的电脉冲通量线的电磁响应。 The flux lines equally affect the secondary coil and the resonant charging choke windings. Preferably, the core is a closed loop construction.磁通线同样影响二次线圈和电感线圈的共振充电。最好,最核心的是一个封闭的循环建设。 The effect of the core is to isolate the water capacitor and to prevent the pulsing signal from going below an arbitrary ground and to maintain the charge of the already charged water and water capacitor.核心作用的是孤立的水电容和防止任意地从下面的脉冲信号去,保持电容器充电已收取的水和水。
  In the pulsing core, the coils are preferably wound in the same direction to maximize the additive effect of the electromagnetic field therein.在脉冲的核心,是最好的线圈缠绕在同一方向,以最大限度地电磁场在其中加性效应。
  The magnetic field of the pulsing core is in synchronization with the pulse input to the primary coil.在脉冲磁场的核心是初级线圈与同步脉冲输入到。 The potential from the secondary coil is introduced to the resonant charging choke(s) series circuit elements which are subjected to the same synchronous applied electromagnetic field, simultaneously with the primary pulse.潜在的二次线圈引入共振充电扼流圈(S)系列的电路元件,其受到相同的同步应用电磁场,脉冲同时与主。
  When resonance occurs, control of the gas output is achieved by varying voltage amplitude or varying the time of the duty gate cycle.当发生共振,输出控制周期中取得的气体通过改变电压振幅或门的时间不同的职责。 The transformer core is a pulse frequency doubler.变压器的核心是一脉倍频器。 In a figurative explanation of the workings of the fuel gas generator water capacitor cell, when a water molecule is hit by a pulse, electron time share is affected, and the molecule is charged. When the time of the duty cycle is changed, the number of pulses that hit the molecules in the fuel cell is correspondingly modified.在一个脉冲形象遭受解释运作的燃料气体发生器水电容电池,当是一个水分子,电子时间份额受到影响,而分子的罪名。当周期时间的任务是改变,数脉冲击中燃料电池中的分子是相应修改。 More hits result in a greater rate of molecular disassociation.更多的访问造成更大的分子解离率。
  With reference to the overall circuit of Figure 1, Figure 3 receives a digital input signal, and Figure 4 depicts the control means that directs 0-12 volts across the primary coil of the pulsing core.参照图1整体电路,图3接收数字输入信号,图4描述了脉冲控制的手段,指导核心0-12伏的整个初级线圈。 Depending upon design parameters of primary coil voltage and other factors relevant t core design, the secondary coil of the pulsing core can be set up for a predetermined maximum, such as 2000 volts.根据不同的脉冲核心设计参数的初级线圈电压和其他因素有关吨的核心设计,辅助线圈可以设置为一个预定的最高电压,如2000。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:52
  Figure 5, the cell driver circuit, allows a gated pulse to be varied in direct relation to voltage amplitude.图5中,细胞驱动电路,允许门控脉冲将直接关系到不同的电压振幅。
  As noted above, the circuit of Figure 6 produces a gate pulse frequency. The gate pulse is superimposed over the resonant frequency pulse to create a duty cycle that determines the number of discrete pulses sent to the primary coil.如上所述,图6电路产生一个门脉冲频率。门脉冲脉冲叠加在共振频率,以创造一个占空比的脉冲数,确定离散发送到初级线圈。 For example, assuming a resonant pulse o 5 KHz, a 0.5 Hz gate pulse may be superimposed over the 5 KHz pulse to provide 2500 discrete pulses in a 50% duty cycle per Hz.举例来说,假定一个谐振脉冲Ø 5千赫,一门0.5赫兹脉冲叠加脉冲,可在5千赫到2500赫兹提供周期每50%的关税离散脉冲研究。 The relationship of resonant pulse to the gate pulse is determined by conventional signal addition/subtraction techniques.脉冲共振关系的大门是由传统的脉冲信号加/减法技术。
  Figure 7, a phase lock loop, allows pulse frequency to be maintained at a predetermined resonant condition sensed by the circuit.图7,锁相环允许脉冲频率为条件维持在一个预定的谐振电路感觉到了。 Together, the circuits of Figures 7 and 8 determine an output signal to the pulsing core until the peak voltage signal sensed at resonance is achieved.总之,7电路的数字和对脉冲峰值核心电压信号,直到8确定输出信号感觉到共振的实现。
  A resonant condition occurs when the pulse frequency and the voltage input attenuates the covalent bonding forces of the hydrogen and oxygen atoms of the water molecule.共振条件发生时,脉冲频率和电压输入衰减的水分子的原子共价键力的氢气和氧气。 When this occurs, amp leakage through the water capacitor is minimized.当发生这种情况,水漏电容放大器通过最小化。 The tendency of voltage to maximize at resonance increases the force of the electric potential applied to the water molecules, which ultimately disassociate into atoms.电压趋势,以最大限度地提高了原子力共振最终不赞同到电势应用到水分子,这。
  Because resonances of different waters, water volumes, and capacitor cells vary, the resonant scanning circuit of Figure 8 is useful.由于体积共振不同水域,水和电容器细胞有所不同,共振扫描图8电路是有用的。 The scanning circuit o Figure 8 scans frequency from high to low to high repeating until a signal lock is determined. Ø扫描电路图8扫描频率从高向低到高重复,直到一个信号锁定决心。 The ferromagnetic core of the voltage intensifier circuit transformer suppresses electron surge in an out-of-resonance condition of the fuel cell.该电路变压器铁磁核心的电子电压抑制细胞激增增强剂在安外燃料共振条件的。 In an example, the circuit scans at frequencies from 0 Hz to 10 KHz t 0 Hz.在一个例子,电路扫描频率为0赫兹至10千赫吨0赫兹。 In water having contaminants in the range of 1 ppm to 20 ppm, a 20% variance in resonant frequency is encountered. Depending on water flow rate into fuel cell, the normal variance range is about 8-10%. For example, iron in well water affects the status of molecular disassociation. Also, at a resonant condition harmonic effects occur.在遇到有水污染物的频率范围为1 ppm至20 ppm的20%的变异,在共振。取决于水的流速为燃料电池,正常变异范围为8-10%。例如,铁井影响水分子解离状态。此外条件,在谐振谐波产生负面影响。 In a typical operation of the cell with a representative water capacitor described below, at a frequency of about 5 KHz at unipolar pulses from 0 to 650 volts at a sensed resonant condition into the resonant cavity, conversion of about 5 gallons of water per hour into a fuel gas will occur on average.在一个典型的水电容器运作的细胞与一个代表所述,在脉冲频率约5 kHz,在单极从0到650伏在一感觉到共振腔共振条件下进入,每小时大约每5转换加仑的水进入燃料气体会发生在平均水平。 To increase the rate, multiple resonant cavities can be used and/or the surfaces of the water capacitor can be increased, however, the water capacitor cell is preferably small in scale.为了提高速度,多谐振腔可以使用和/或水表面的电容可以增加,但是,水是最好的电容规模小细胞研究。 A typical water capacitor may be formed from a 0.5 inch in diameter stainless steel rod and a 0.75 inch inside diameter cylinder that together extend concentrically about 3.0 inches with respect to each other.一个典型的水可以形成电容从钢线材,直径0.5英寸的不锈钢和相互气缸内径0.75英寸,连同关于延长同心约为3.0英寸。
  Shape and size of the resonant cavity may vary.形状和谐振腔的大小可能会有所不同。 Larger resonant cavities and higher rates of consumption of water in the conversion process require higher frequencies such as up to 50 KHz and above.较大的谐振腔和转换过程中的水的消费率较高,如要求较高的频率可达50千赫以上。 The pulsing rate, to sustain such high rates of conversion must be correspondingly increased.该脉冲率,以维持这么高的转化率,必须相应地增加。
  From the foregoing description of the preferred embodiment, other variations and modifications of the system disclosed will be evident to those of skill in the art.从上述描述的艺术体现的首选,其他变化的技能和修改了系统的披露将是显而易见的。
  
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:52
US Patent Application 20050246059 美国专利申请 20050246059
MLS-Hydroxyl Filling Station (MLS-HFS) 大联盟-羟站(大联盟,居所资助计划)
( 3 Nov. 2005 ) (2005年11月3日)
Stephen F. Meyer 斯蒂芬F. 迈耶
( 12 N. MEADOW LANE, GOLDEN VALLEY, MN 55422 USA ) (注12多巷,金河谷,明尼苏达55422美国)
US Cl. 美国的氯。 700/231 二百三十一分之七百
Abstract 抽象
The utility of the MLS-HFS hydroxyl filling station, its configuration, design, and operation is the keystone of a new type of automation the production of hydroxyl gases from renewable resources.该站实用的大联盟填充的HFS 羟基,它的配置,设计和操作的基石,是资源型的新的自动化生产可再生的气体从羟基。
Description 描述
BACKGROUND OF INVENTION 发明背景
[0002] Fuel cell and auto industries have been looking for methods and apparatus that can supply a source of hydrogen and oxygen for its new hybrid industry. [0002]燃料电池和汽车行业一直在寻找方法和仪器,可以提供氧气行业的新的混合来源的氢和。 This invention is such a device这是这种设备的发明
SUMMARY OF INVENTION 发明概要
[0003] The invention is a computerizes automatic on site/mobile hydroxyl gas producing filling station that allows the products being produced to be used either by the hydrogen fuel cells installed in automobiles, trucks, buses, boats and land base generating applications or in any internal combustion engine. [0003]本发明是一种现场计算机化自动/移动羟天然气生产油站,使生产的产品被使用,也可以到任何已安装的氢燃料电池汽车,卡车,公共汽车,船舶和发电的应用程序或土地基内燃发动机。
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS 简要说明图纸
[0004] Drawing FIG. [0004]绘图国际体联。 1 shows the configuration of apparatus used in the MLS-hydroxyl filling Station (MLS-HFS). 1显示设备配置中使用的大联盟-羟站(大联盟-居所资助计划)。
[0005] Drawing FIG. [0005]绘图国际体联。 2 shows the software display the operator uses to monitor and control the production of hydroxyl gases and heat. 2显示了该软件显示的经营者利用监测和控制生产的热气体和羟基。
[0006] Drawing FIG. [0006]绘图国际体联。 3 shows the methods, configuration, and apparatus used in the hydroxyl producing cell 120 system. 3显示的方法,配置和设备中使用的细胞产生羟基120系统。
[0007] Drawing FIG. [0007]绘图国际体联。 4 shows the electronic impedance matching circuits 102 connected between the dual three phase generators (A&B) 110 FIG. 3 and each of the wave-guide arrays 132 in cell 120 FIG. 4显示了电子阻抗匹配电路之间的连接102国际体联双三相发电机(A和B)110。三和图的每个波导阵列132个细胞120。 3. 3。 Note that only generator A is depicted in the drawing FIG.请注意,只有发电机A是国际体联描绘的图纸。 4 as being connected to arrays ABC using PC cards 1-3. 4连接到阵列的美国广播公司使用PC卡1-3。 Generator B is connected to arrays DEF using cards 4-6.发电机B连接到阵列迪夫使用卡4-6。
[0008] Drawing FIG. [0008]绘图国际体联。 5 shows the signals applied to each of the arrays 132 FIG. 5显示132国际体联的信号阵列适用于每个。 3 installed in hydroxyl cell 120 emitted from each of the impedance matching circuits 102 FIG. 3 120安装在羟基细胞排出国际体联每102阻抗匹配电路。 4 mounted on PC cards 1-6. 4安装在PC卡1-6。 These sets of signals FIG.这些集合的信号国际体联。 5 with their offsetting phase relationship, frequencies and amplitudes are the driving forces producing the hydroxyl gases in cell 120 FIG.他们的关系5相抵消,频率和振幅是动力电池的生产气体羟基120国际体联。 3. 3。
[0009] Drawing FIG. [0009]绘图国际体联。 6 shows the high frequency ringing signal located between test points T1 and T2 in impedance matching circuit 102 drawing FIG. 6显示了高频振荡信号位于T1的测试点和阻抗之间的匹配电路T2的102绘图国际体联。 4. 4。 It is this ringing that also enhances the production of the hydroxyl gases in cell 120 FIG.正是这种振铃这也增强了国际体联生产羟基细胞120气体研究。 3. 3。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS 图纸的详细说明
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:52
[0010] FIG. [0010]国际体联。 1 一

[0011] The heat removing section in FIG. [0011]国际体联的热量去除部分。 1 consist of a liquid bath 30 and its container 20, a liquid circulating pump 10, conveying conduits 40, cooling chamber 50 attached to hydroxyl generating cell 120, filter 45, radiator 60 and cooling fans 6l attached to it. 1包括一个液体浴30和它的容器20个,10个液体循环泵,输送管道40,冷却室50附120细胞产生羟基,过滤45,60,散热器风扇冷却至61重视它。
[0012] The automatic control section in FIG. [0012]在图自动控制部分。 1 consist of a computer 70 software program 75 video monitor 90 and its graphic operator display 95 (FIG. 2) pointer 85 keyboard 80 interface card 72 and I/O controller 100 with its driver electronics cards 102 and 105. 1包括一个计算机软件程序75 70 90和视频监控显示的图形操作员95(图2)键盘指针85 72 80接口卡和I / O控制器与驱动器105 100 102和电子卡。
[0013] Dual three phase power sources 110 and impedance matching circuits 102 provide the power needed to drive the hydroxyl cell 120. [0013]双三相电源和阻抗匹配电路110 102 120提供细胞所需的功率来驱动羟基。
[0014] The remaining apparatus are used to conduit the gases from cells 120, through liquid trap 130, through gas flow restriction valve 135, elevate its gas pressures through compressor 140, transfer them to storage tank 150. [0014]其余的设备用于管道中的气体从120细胞,通过液体陷阱130 135,通过气体流量限制阀,通过提高压缩机140的天然气压力,他们转移到存储罐150。 Then deliver the gases through safety cut off 165 regulators 160 through flash back arrestor 170 for external delivery.然后,提供外部提供的气体通过安全避雷器切断170 165 160通过调节回闪。
[0015] FIG. [0015]国际体联。 2 2

[0016] FIG. [0016]国际体联。 2 shows the layout and functions of the operator control display 95 emulating from program 75 FIG. 2显示功能布局和图75的操作控制程序显示从95效仿。 1. 1。 It consists of cell temperature indicator 231 FIG.它由电池温度指标231国际体联。 2 cell power activator 210 cell pressure indicator 230 vacuum controller 240 hi-pressure tank indicator 250 delivery controller 260 delivery regulated pressure indicator 265 and related alarm/status indicators 270. 2电池功率激活细胞压力指示器210 230 240真空控制器的高指标的压力罐250 260交付交付控制器调节压力和相关的指标265报警/状态指标270。 Also software control buttons are provided to start 280 stop 290 clear data 292 change setting 294 and testing of equipment and their sequences 296.还提供软件控制按钮开始停止290 280 296清晰的数据序列改变设置测试292和294设备和他们的。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:52
[0017] FIG. [0017]国际体联。 3 3

[0018] FIG. [0018]国际体联。 3 shows the configuration of our proprietary hydroxyl producing apparatus 120 consisting of dual three phase power source 110 impedance matching electronic circuits 102 and gas converters devices 132 submersed in a bath of water 133 in cell 120. 3显示了我们独有的羟配置生产设备120组成的双程三线阻抗相匹配的电源110电子电路和天然气转换装置102 132 120淹没在细胞洗澡的水一百三十三英寸 The drawing also shows the water jacket 50 surrounding the cell 120 that helps lower its temperature and allows more production of the hydroxyl gases at higher voltage signals FIG.绘画也显示了水套50 120周围的细胞,可以帮助降低温度,并允许更多的气体生产的羟国际体联在较高电压信号。 5. 5。
[0019] FIG. [0019]国际体联。 4 4

[0020] FIG. [0020]国际体联。 4 shows the electrical circuits 102 used to drive the gas converting arrays 132 FIG. 4显示电路102用于驱动气体转换阵列132国际体联。 3 submersed in a bath of water 133 in cell 120. The drawing FIG. 3淹没在1 120 133洗澡的水在细胞。绘画国际体联。 4 depicts three identical circuits connected to each of the three phase signals from 1/2 of the dual three phase generator A 110 FIG 3. 4描述/ 2 3 1线路连接到相同的信号,从每三个阶段的双三相发电机甲110图3。 The circuits 102 FIG.国际体联的电路102。 4 convert the AC signal from each phase of 110 into a modulated signal as depicted by FIG. 4转换描绘了国际体联的交流信号的相位每110到作为调制信号。 5. 5。 These signals are then coupled to the triple array 132 elements (Inside, Middle, outside) by alternating the connection between the inside and outside elements of the arrays 132 FIG.然后,这些信号耦合到132三重数组元素(内,中,外国际体联)132外交替数组元素之间的联系和内部。 3. 3。
[0021] FIG. [0021]国际体联。 5 5

[0022] FIG. [0022]国际体联。 5 Shows the composite signals applied to each of arrays 132 FIG. 5显示阵列132国际体联的复合应用到每一个信号。 3 submerges in water bath 133 in cell 120 and indicates the differential voltages used in the hydroxyl producing process MLS-HFS. 3淹没在水中沐浴在单元120和133的差距表明居所资助计划,电压用在生产过程中羟基大联盟。 Note that the center wave-guide element is used as the electrical reference point for both outside and inside elements of array 132.请注意,该中心波导元素作为内外部和电器元件的参考点为132的数组。 It is this composite signal applied to the surface of the stainless steel elements in array 132 submerge in water bath 133 that allow the ions from the elements in array 132 to cross its water 133 surface barriers and contribute to the hy-droxyl production. Note the dc bias voltage +,- on either side of the center electrical reference point OV in FIG.正是这种复合信号应用到生产钢材表面元素的数组,在132不锈钢水槽133淹没在数组允许元素的离子从132个增加到133个地表水交叉的障碍,促进了HY - droxyl。注意直流偏置电压+, -对任何一方的电气中心参考点过压在国际体联。 5. 5。 It is this bias voltage being modulated by multi polarity differential signals from 102 FIG.正是这种偏见被国际体联调制电压从102多极性的差分信号。 4 that contributes to the wave-guide action of arrays 132.四是有助于行动132阵列波导。 Also, the frequency of FIG.另外,国际体联频率。 5 is adjusted to match the electrical wave-length of the arrays 132 FIG.五是调整,以符合电波,国际体联长度数组132。 3 and the impedance of water bath 133. 3和133阻抗水浴。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:52
[0023] FIG. [0023]国际体联。 6 6

[0024] FIG. [0024]国际体联。 6 shows the high-frequency ringing signals that contribute to the operation of the hydroxyl production. 6显示了高频率的振铃信号,促进生产经营的羟基。 Just as a tuning fork rings when struck by a hammer, so does the wave-guide elements in arrays 132 immersed into the hydroxyl generating liquid 133 then struck by the electrical signals FIG.正如一环锤音叉当击中,因此也引导元素数组国际体联的波信号132浸入液态氢氧发电机电气133然后由击中。 5,6 from impedance matching circuits 102 depicted in FIG. 4. 5,6匹配阻抗从电路102描绘国际体联。4。
[0025] Brief Description of Sequences [0025]简述序列
[0026] This invention is a computerized Hydroxyl gas producing filling station MLS-HFS designed to provide automatic control of its on site gas production and delivery. [0026]本发明是一个电脑化的羟基天然气生产灌装站大联盟,旨在提供的居所资助计划提供的自动化控制现场天然气生产。
[0027] The MLS-HFS FIG. [0027]该MLS -居所资助计划不屑一顾。 1 is a hydroxyl gas and heat generating system using a renewable source of liquid supply 30 such as water. 1是一个羟基气体和热发电系统使用的是液体供应可再生能源,如水30。 It uses a computer control program 75 with display interface 95 for the monitoring, adjusting and controlling of the electronic and hardware apparatus and process logic. The electronic circuits 102 mounted in driver 100 controls the production of the gases and heating while circuit 105 control the process and routing of the hydroxyl gas.它使用接口95个监测计算机控制显示程序75,调整和102电子和控制硬件设备和流程逻辑。电子电路的安装在驱动气体控制的100个生产和供暖,而过程控制电路105羟基和路由的气体。
[0028] The MLS-HFS consists of a low-pressure hydrolyser cell 120 FIG. 1, a liquid trap 130, an adjustable flow restriction value 135, high-pressure vacuum compressor 140, and check value 142 installed in 140. [0028]该MLS -居所资助计划单元包括一个低气压hydrolyser 120国际体联。1,液体过滤器130,可调节流量限制值135,高压真空压缩机140,并检查安装价值142 140英寸 It also contains a high-pressure storage tank 150-alarm/low pressure cut off valve 165 gas regulator 160 flashback arrestor 170 and over pressure safety release valves 125 pressure gauges 128 and analog pressure sending units 122 installed on cell 120, tank 150 at the regulating side of regulator 160.它还包含一个高压储罐150-alarm/low压力切断倒叙避雷器170和超压安全释放阀阀燃气调压165 160 125 128和模拟压力表压力派遣单位122 150 120上安装电池,在坦克调节调节160方。 Also 125 is installed on Compressor 140 high pressure out-put.另外125 140上安装了高压压缩机外付诸表决。 The computer controller 70 monitor 90 keyboard 80 interface I/O card 72 and software position pointer 85 is used to control the production process using electronic driver 100 through its PC boards 105 and their attached control devices.电脑显示器的控制器70 80 90键盘接口I / O卡和软件的72位指针85是用来控制生产过程中使用电子驱动控制装置连接,通过其个人电脑板100和105。 The power to the cell driving circuits 102 installed in driver 100 is supplied from a dual three phase isolated power source 110. 100个电源,电池驱动电路的驱动程序是安装在102提供从双三相隔离电源110。 The amplitude, signal phases, and frequency from this power source is controlled by signal adjustments from the computer 70.的幅度,信号相位,频率和源从这个权力是由电脑控制的70个信号调整。
[0029] Detailed Description [0029] 详细介绍
[0030] Sequence of Operation [0030] 序列运行
[0031] The MLS-HFS FIG. [0031]该MLS -居所资助计划不屑一顾。 1 is monitored and controlled by the soft-ware program 75-computer 70 monitors 90 keyboard 80 pointer 85 and display interface 95, FIG. 1监测和计算机控制的软瓷方案75 - 70显示器指针85 80 90键盘和显示接口95,国际体联。 2. 2。
[0032] The software program 75 FIG.1 has five main functions. [0032] 75图1的软件程序有5个主要功能。
[0033] They are: to purge the system of ambient air, check and test for any equipment malfunctions, ready the system for production, monitor and control current activities of the production and safety shutdown of the system on detection of alarms. [0033]他们是:清除任何现成的设备故障,该系统为生产系统的环境空气,检查和测试,监测和控制报警电流活动的生产检测和安全系统就关闭了。
[0034] During the initial installation and after any repairs the total system is purge via the vacuum pump 140 by manual rerouting valuing to ensure that all-ambient air has been removed from the system. [0034]在初始安装后,任何维修清洗整个系统是通过真空泵在系统140人工改道估价,以确保全空气有被免职。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:53
[0035] Before the system is put into service the operator via the graphic display 95, FIG. [0035]前系统投入服务后,国际体联经营者通过图形显示95。 2, keyboard 80 monitors 90 and pointer 85 can test the system for operation. 2,键盘和指针80 90 85显示器可以测试作业系统。 The main functions of the testing is to ensure that the temperature electronics 131 attached to the hydroxyl cells 120 transferring compressor 140 and analog pressure sensors 122 mounted on cells 120 high pressure tank 150 and discharge side of regulator 160 used for control and monitoring are working properly.对测试的主要职能是确保电子温度131细胞附着在羟转移压缩机 120 140 122和模拟压力传感器安装在高压罐细胞120 150和160方的流量调节器用于控制和监测工作正常。 The operator then can activate the run sequence of the program 75via start software button 280 FIG.接着,工作人员可以激活280国际体联运行序列的软件方案75via启动按钮。 2 on graphic display 95. 2图形显示95。
[0036] During the initial startup phase of the MLS-HFS system FIG. 1 the computer program 75 will configure the system for the purge sequence. This sequence will allow the vacuum pump 140 to draw down the hydroxyl cells 120 liquid trap 130 coupled to flow restriction value 135 and compressor 140 to removing all ambient air from them. [0036]在最初的系统国际体联启动阶段的大联盟-居所资助计划。75 1计算机程序将配置序列系统的清洗。这个序列将允许真空泵动用了140至120个细胞羟基液体耦合至130陷阱流量限制值135和140消除空气压缩机从他们所有的环境。 Once the program 75 has detected no leaks, it then readies the system for gas production by routing the gas flow from 120 to high-pressure tank 150 and then to output flash back protector 170.一旦该方案已检测75个没有发生泄漏,然后准备迎接150输出到系统,然后由路由天然气生产气体流量从120至高压罐闪回保护者170。
[0037] The program 75 starts off its production sequence by first turning on the cooling system consisting of liquid pump 10 that is submerse in liquid bath 30 contain in vessel 20. [0037] 75开始关闭该程序在其生产的船只20日由第一顺序组成的转折点上的液体冷却系统泵10 submerse是包含液体浴30。 The cooling liquid 30 is pumped through cooling jacket 50 attached to the outside of cells 120 through Filter 45 and then through cooling air radiator 60.冷却液通过冷却泵30附在夹克50 45 120细胞外通过过滤器,然后通过冷却空气散热器60。 Fans attached to the radiator 60 are turned on for cooling.附着在散热器风扇有60 对转冷。
[0038] Next the computer 70 turns on the dual three phase power source 110 that supplies the frequency, phase shifting and signals amplitudes to impedance matching circuits 102 FIG. [0038] 70接下来,打开电脑的双三相电源110用品的频率,相移和信号振幅阻抗匹配电路102国际体联。 4 which is coupled to hydroxyl producing cells 120.四是结合生产细胞对羟120。
[0039] The result of this is just like the operation of a radio transmitter matching its signal to the air via the antenna impedance. [0039]在这个结果是一样的阻抗运作的无线电天线的空气通过选配的信号发射器。 Refer to FIG. 3 showing the relationship of this configuration to arrays 132, water bath 133 and Signals FIG.参考图。3显示的配置关系,使这种阵列132,133和信号水浴国际体联。 5,6. 5,6。
[0040] While the power source 110 is operating, computer 70 is monitoring the pressure 122 and temperature 131 of hydroxyl cell 120. [0040] 110虽然电源运行,电脑70监测压力和温度120 122 131羟细胞。 When the cell pressures reaches a typical level of 5 pounds, the power source 110 is turned off and the compressor 140 is turned on starting the conveying of hydroxyl gases to high-pressure tank 150.当压力达到一定的细胞来源的典型水平为5 110磅,电源关闭,压缩机140是打开启动气体输送羟到高压力罐150。 When the hydroxyl cells 120 is drawn down to near zero pressure, the compressor 140 is turned off and power source 110 is turned back on starting the production cycle again.当羟基细胞提取120至接近零压力,压缩机140是电源关闭,重新打开110的生产周期再次开始。
[0041] The production cycle is repeated until tank 150 reaches a typical level of 80 pounds. [0041]生产周期重复进行,直到达到150箱80磅的典型水平。 At this time the computer 70 enables the output pressure regulator 160 set at a typical level of 40 pounds for the delivery of the hydroxyl gas to some external storage system or device.这时计算机70使输出压力调节器设定在160或设备的典型水平为40磅交货的天然气羟基一些外部存储系统。
[0042] During the production of hydroxyl gases computer 70 cycle the apparatus to maintain required levels. [0042]在氢氧气体设备生产周期的70个电脑维护所需的水平。 At the same time, the graphic display 95 indicates the activities of the system and alerts the operator of any malfunctions or process warnings.同时,图形显示95表明该系统的活动,并提醒经营者发出警告的任何故障或过程。
[0043] Impedance Matching Circuit 102 [0043] 102阻抗匹配电路
[0044] The impedance matching circuits 102 FIG. [0044] 102电路的阻抗匹配国际体联。 4 converts the sine-wave signals from the three phase power source 110 FIG.四相电源转换成110国际体联的正弦波信号,从3。 3 into multi polarity differential signals FIG.信号三成多极性差异国际体联。 5 that are applied to the triple wave-guide clusters arrays 132 A,B,C,D,E,F installed in cell 120. 5应用到三重波导阵列集群132甲,乙,丙,丁,E,F型120安装在单元格中。
[0045] Its is this converted signal FIG. [0045]它是这一转换的信号国际体联。 5 along with the phase relationship of the power source 110 and the triple wave-guides element in cluster 132 that are submerge in a water bath 133 that produces the hydroxyl gases. It is important to note that not only is the gas produced between the elements in an array but also, between each array installed in cell 120 FIG. 5种气体随着电源的相位关系的110和三重波群导游132元的羟基被淹没在1 133水浴产生。重要的是要注意,不仅是生产要素之间的气体而且在一个数组,每个数组之间安装在单元120国际体联。 3 (see array ABC phase relationship). 3(见阵列ABC的相位关系)。 Also that the array elements themselves are supplying much of the ions needed for the production of the gases.此外,该数组的元素本身提供许多生产气体的离子的需要。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:53
[0046] Sequence of Hydroxyl Gas Generation [0046]羟基燃气发电序列
[0047] Once the hydroxyl-generating cell 120 has been purged of Ambient air and production routing completed (FIG. 1). [0047]一旦羟基生成细胞已被清除了120个环境空气和生产路由完成(图1)。 The dual three-phase power source 110 is activated supplying frequency, amplitude, and phase signals to impedance matching circuitry 102.这种双三相电源供应110启动频率,振幅,相位信号阻抗匹配电路102。 The converted signals from 102 are then applied to cell array 132 for processing.从102信号转换,然后应用到电池阵列132处理。 It is the combination of the impedance matching circuits 102-signal transformations FIG.这是国际体联结合转变的阻抗匹配电路102信号。 5,6; the cell configuration and materials used in arrays 132 and the rotational phase relationship between arrays AD, BE and CFand the submersion of these arrays 132 in a bath of water 133 that allows the MLS-HFS to produce large amounts hydroxyl gases. 5,6;细胞的配置和使用的材料132阵列和阵列之间的关系公元转动阶段,BE和CFand以气体产生大量的羟基淹没132这些数组在洗澡的水,使133 -居所资助计划的大联盟。 The computer program 75 and its graphic display 95 is used by the operator to adjust the rate of gas production and set the upper limit that the low pressure cell 120 will charge to.该计算机程序75和95的图形显示所使用的运营商调整生产速率的气体,并设置上限的低压电池可充电到120。
[0048] After the cell 120 has reached its upper pressure cutoff limit (typically 5LBS). [0048] 120细胞后,已达到其上限压力截止期限(通常为5磅)。 The power source 110 is turned off enabling the compressor 140 to start its draw down and transferring of the gases to the high-pressure tank 150. 110的电源关闭使压缩机启动其140至提取和气体转移到高压力罐150。 When the pressure in the cell 120 reaches a low-level limit (near zero LBS) 140 stops its charging cycle of 150.当压力在120细胞达到一个低级别的限制(近零LBS)的 140个收费站的150个周期的影响。 Check value 142 installed in 140 prevents any back flow of gases to 120 from the high-pressure tank 150.检查中安装价值 142 140 150防止油箱压力高的气体回流至120。 The power source 110 is then turned back on repeating the cycle. The charging cycles continual until high-pressure tank 150 reaches its upper pressure limit (typically 80 LBS) stopping the production of hydroxyl. As the gases are being used and/or transferred to external containers. The pressure is monitored for low-level cut-out limit (typicality 40 pounds) at pressure regulator 160 output . 110的电源,然后重新打开重复的周期。坦克150充电循环不断,直到高压力达到压力上限(通常是80磅)停止生产的羟基。由于正在使用的气体和/或转让给外部容器。压力监测的低层次切出限制(典型性40磅)的压力调节器160输出。 Once at this level the gas production cycle is restarted.一旦在这一级的天然气生产周期将重新启动。
[0049] During cell 120 operations, the temperature is monitored for out of limit conditions set by control231 using the graphic display 95. Should the temperature reach an excess limit, the gas production is stopped and the computer program 75 alerts the operator of the problem. [0049]在细胞120次,温度为95个监控图形显示条件的限制设定control231使用。如果温度达到过剩的限制,煤气生产停止,75个警报的计算机程序操作员的问题。 The cooling system 30 using water jacket 50 attached to cell 120 helps reduces the temperature 131 and allows for higher gas production.使用的冷却水套系统30 50 120连接到细胞有助于降低温度131和生产实现了更高的气体。
[0050] After extended running times, the water in cell 120 is replenished by bath 30 and filtered by 45 to help control the operating impedance of the cell. [0050]延长运行时间后,在120细胞中水是补充由浴30和45过滤,以帮助控制细胞运作阻抗。
[0051] A listing related to software program 75 is depicted in text files attached to ePAVE and their file names are as follows: CombustAllP1 through CombustAllP19, Tank-TrackingDataFormP1-P2, TempTrackingFormP1-P2 and CellChargeTimeP1-P2. [0051] 75列出一个相关的软件程序是文本文件中描述的重视ePAVE及其文件名如下:CombustAllP1通过CombustAllP19,坦克 TrackingDataFormP1 - P2的TempTrackingFormP1 - P2和CellChargeTimeP1 - P2的。
作者: interest    时间: 2010-6-18 06:54
刚找到的,就这些了。回头继续。
作者: laoztou    时间: 2010-6-18 07:44
这个软件翻译。不太好。内容很好。顶!
作者: djhuangshi    时间: 2015-12-11 19:35
很好,我也在测试中。希望能交上这方面的朋友。
作者: djhuangshi    时间: 2015-12-11 19:36
翻译很乱,不过很好,我对资料很有兴趣。




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