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[技术] 菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶(背投电视改制)

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发表于 2014-3-17 10:18:55 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
菲涅尔透镜太阳灶(背投电视改制)
I found a rear projection TV (see construction section below), took out the 2 foot by 4 foot fresnel lens and made this solar cooker. It cost me $0.00 since I used stuff I already had, either from previous projects or collected from junk (the lens, the wood came from discarded drawers.)
If you're unfamiliar with fresnel lenses see this page all about fresnel lenses.
The first cooking version.

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

My sun finder taped on for aiming at the sun.

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

Cooking stand. I saw Bruce in the Yahoo SolarCooking group do this.
 楼主| 发表于 2014-3-17 10:20:40 | 显示全部楼层

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

Finding the focal length by finding where a dry leaf smolders.

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

Cooking minced pork with the fresnel lens solar cooker
The first thing I cooked was minced pork. This one took a long time to cook because I started too late in the day (6:00pm, May 31, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada) but it proved it works!
Pouring in the olive oil...

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

... and spreading it around.
 楼主| 发表于 2014-3-17 10:21:58 | 显示全部楼层

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

Adding the minced pork.

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

Done!

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

Building the fresnel lens solar cooker
The fresnel lens started life inside a rear projection TV that I found derelict sitting by the road.
 楼主| 发表于 2014-3-17 10:23:28 | 显示全部楼层

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶


菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶


菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

Warning... In some TVs the clear plastic screen, lens and a grating with vertical grooves are all attached to the frame and when you unscrew the frame from the TV it all comes away as one. Make sure to take all those pieces apart since you want to use the fresnel lens all by itself. If you don't then you will not get good results.
In my case the lens was attached to the TV box and not the frame so I took off everything that was attached to the frame and then attached the fresnel lens by itself to the frame. That's what you see in use in my solar cooker.
Another warning... When I first took the lens home I held it in my hands and aimed it leafs and stuff. The stuff got hot but nothing burned. Rather than concluding it was useless, I decided to wait until I had it all mounted in a solid frame and I could find the focal length more precisely while the lens was more flat. I'm glad I did because as you now know, it works pretty well. So don't make the mistake that I almost did and that I know others have!
Before making a permanent mounting system I first wanted to know the focal length so I quickly put together the temporary setup shown below. Notice that I went back and took the grey plastic frame that was also part of the TV rather than making my own wooden frame.
Quick and dirty setup for measuring focal length. Notice the bricks at the bottoms of the legs.
 楼主| 发表于 2014-3-17 10:25:22 | 显示全部楼层

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

My sun finder taped on for aiming at the sun.

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

A dry leaf held around 29" to 31" from the lens begins smoldering right away and in less than 8 seconds is on fire.
 楼主| 发表于 2014-3-17 10:26:54 | 显示全部楼层

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶


菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

I added a mirror to the fresnel lens so that I could send sunlight up to the bottom of a cooking pot instead of down to it. This allowed me to cook without having to wear welding goggles. Click here to see full details of this fresnel lens and mirror solar cooker and here to see how this fresnel lens and mirror solar cooker was designed.
Fresnel lens and mirror solar cooker for bottom cooking.

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶

菲涅尔透镜太阳能炉灶


发表于 2014-3-19 23:53:51 | 显示全部楼层
这要不是高级发烧,一般人还真承受不了这成本。
发表于 2014-3-20 00:28:19 | 显示全部楼层
光线直接加热食物了,已经不同于传统意义上的烹饪了。
发表于 2014-3-20 09:30:17 | 显示全部楼层
废物再利用,不错
发表于 2014-7-25 20:04:21 | 显示全部楼层
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